Quick Facts\r\n\r\n \t\u00a0 Name: Pablo Ruiz y Picasso\r\n \t\u00a0 Date of Birth: October 25, 1881\r\n \t\u00a0 Place of Birth: M\u00e1laga, Spain\r\n \t\u00a0 Date of Death: April 8, 1973 (aged 91)\r\n \t\u00a0 Place of Death: Mougins, France\r\n \t\u00a0 Buried: Ch\u00c3\u00a2teau of Vauvenargues\r\n \t\u00a0 Nationality: Spanish\r\n \t\u00a0 Movements: Cubism, Surrealism\r\n \t\u00a0 Spouses: Olga Khokhlova (1918-55), Jacqueline Roque (1961-73)\r\n \t\u00a0 Dramatizations: Surviving Picasso (1996), Picasso at the Lapin Agile (1993)\r\n\r\nEssential Facts\r\n\r\n \tName: Picasso\u2019s Name Was So Long that Even He Probably Had Trouble Remembering It\r\n \tHistory: Picasso\u2019s Work Is Often Categorized into Separate Periods\r\n \tLife: Picasso Showcased His Talent From a Very Early Age\r\n \tWork: Picasso Produced an Incredible 50,000 Artworks\r\n \tWork: Picasso Was an Accomplished Writer as well as a Painter and Sculptor\r\n \tMoney: Picasso\u2019s Paintings Still Rank among the Priciest in the World\r\n \tHistory: Picasso Was Often Harassed by the Gestapo during World War II\r\n \tLife: Picasso\u2019s Lifestyle Was Fairly Promiscuous\r\n \tDeath: Picasso Died while Having Dinner with His Friends\r\n \tWork: Guernica Is Picasso\u2019s Most Famous Work\r\n\r\nInteresting Details\r\n\r\n \tPicasso Was Once Accused of Stealing the Mona Lisa\r\n \t\u00a0Picasso Was Once So Poor that He Had to Keep Himself Warm by Burning His Paintings\r\n \t\u00a0Picasso\u2019s Blue Period Was Marked by Blue and Blue-Orange Shades of Color\r\n \t\u00a0In His Rose Period, Picasso Adopted a More Cheerful Style\r\n \t\u00a0Picasso Also Had a Short African-Influenced Period\r\n \t\u00a0Picasso Was Considered a Stillbirth at the Time of His Birth\r\n \t\u00a0Picasso Was Strongly Opposed to the Spanish Dictator Franco\r\n \t\u00a0Picasso Spent Most of His Life Outside of His Home Country\r\n \t\u00a0Picasso Became a Communist Later on in His Life\r\n \t\u00a0Picasso\u2019s Paintings Are Very Popular Among Art Thieves\r\n\r\nPicasso\u2019s Name Was So Long that Even He Probably Had Trouble Remembering It\r\nPablo Picasso facts reveal that the great artist had a very long name. His full name was Pablo Diego Jos\u00e9 Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno Mar\u00eda de los Remedios Cipriano de la Sant\u00edsima Trinidad Ruiz y Picasso. In addition to his first name and family name, Picasso\u2019s full name consisted of multiple other names honoring various relatives and saints \u2013 a courtesy of his Catholic parents Don Jos\u00e9 Ruiz y Blasco and Mar\u00eda Picasso y L\u00f3pez. When Pablo shortened it, he chose to retain just his mother\u2019s surname. He thought it suited him better since it was an Italian surname and thus unusual in his home country of Spain.\r\nPicasso\u2019s Work Is Often Categorized into Separate Periods\r\nPablo Picasso facts show that the famous painter constantly changed his painting style, which is also the reason that his work is categorized into separate main periods. As a teenager, Picasso mostly painted realistic portraits and landscapes, but his interests switched in the beginning of the 20th century, bringing his Blue Period (1901 \u2013 1904), Rose Period (1904 \u2013 1906) and the African-influenced Period (1907 \u2013 1909). This led to the most fruitful period of his artistic life \u2013 Cubism (Analytic Cubism from 1909 to 1912 and Synthetic Cubism, also known as the Crystal Period, from 1912 to 1919). In his later life, Picasso even followed Neoclassicism and incorporated various other influences into his works, such as Surrealism, Expressionism, Post-Impressionism and Symbolism.\r\nPicasso Showcased His Talent From a Very Early Age\r\nPablo Picasso facts show that the boy who would go on to become one of the best-known artists in the world was interested in art (specifically drawing) from a very early age. His mother even revealed that his first words were \u201cpiz, piz\u201d, which was short for\u00a0l\u00e1piz, the Spanish word for pencil. Since Pablo\u2019s father was a painter himself, he started training his son when he reached the age of seven. According to an often-told fact about Picasso\u2019s life, when his father realized that young Pablo had surpassed his own skill at the age of 13, he vowed to give up painting for good (in reality, he did no such thing since his paintings from later years exist).\r\nPicasso Produced an Incredible 50,000 Artworks\r\nAlthough most of his artworks are nowhere near as famous as a select few most people are familiar with, Pablo Picasso facts reveal that he produced around 50,000 artworks over the course of his life. His most important artistic contribution to the world was of course his paintings, and he produced 1,885 of these in his lifetime. In addition to this, he also created 1,228 sculptures, 2,880 ceramics, more than 12,000 drawings, and thousands of prints as well as various tapestries and rugs. His artistic career lasted for nearly 80 years, which means that, on average, he managed to create over 600 artworks each year, or nearly 2 every single day of his career\u2026\r\nPicasso Was an Accomplished Writer as well as a Painter and Sculptor\r\nMost of us know Pablo Picasso as an amazing painter and sculptor, but Pablo Picasso facts reveal that the famous man had various other talents and did not spend every moment of his life painting. One of these talents was writing, and Picasso had been involved in various literary circles ever since his early adulthood. Despite this, he did not produce any writing of his own until he was in his fifties. In his writing opus, we can find poetry and plays, most of them surrealistic and highly unusual. One of his plays, the Desire Caught by the Tail, was performed (read, as Picasso never meant for any of his works to be staged, only read) by various spectacular artists of the 20th century, including Jean-Paul Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir and Albert Camus.\r\n\r\nA good example of his unusual writing style can be found below, in an excerpt from his 1937 artwork, the Dream and Lie of Franco:\r\nsilver bells & cockle shells & guts braided in a row\r\na pinky in erection not a grape & not a fig..\r\ncasket on shoulders crammed with sausages & mouths\r\nrage that contorts the drawing of a shadow that lashes teeth\r\nnailed into sand the horse ripped open top to bottom in the sun..\r\nPicasso\u2019s Paintings Still Rank among the Priciest in the World\r\nVarious Picasso paintings still rank among the most expensive paintings in the world, making Picasso one of the most cherished painters in history. For example,\u00a0Gar\u00e7on \u00e0 la pipe\u00a0(\u201cBoy with a Pipe\u201d) was sold for $104 million at Sotheby\u2019s in May 2004,\u00a0Dora Maar au Chat\u00a0(\u201cDora Maar with Cat\u201d) for $95.2 million at Sotheby\u2019s in May 2006, and\u00a0Nu au Plateau de Sculpteur\u00a0(\u201cNude, Green Leaves and Bust\u201d) for $106.5 million at Christie\u2019s in May 2010. But all of his previous records \u2013 and those of other painters too \u2013 were broken in May 2015, when his 1955\u00a0Les Femmes d\u2019Alger\u00a0(\u201cWomen of Algiers\u201d) sold for $179.3 million in an auction at Christie\u2019s in New York.\r\nPicasso Was Often Harassed by the Gestapo during World War II\r\nPablo Picasso facts show that the great painter remained in Paris during World War II and also during the entire Nazi occupation of the city. Since his artistry didn\u2019t quite fit in with the Nazi ideal of art, he had no exhibitions during this time and was often harassed by the Gestapo. It was during one of these Gestapo harassments that an officer saw a photograph of Picasso\u2019s famous painting Guernica in his apartment (depicting violence and suffering of people, and inspired by the 1937 bombing of Guernica) and asked Picasso if he had done that. Picasso calmly replied, \u201cNo, you did.\u201d\r\nPicasso\u2019s Lifestyle Was Fairly Promiscuous\r\nAs with many artists of the time, Pablo Picasso lived a very promiscuous and hedonistic lifestyle, which brought him numerous short-term relationships with women, who often took the role of mistress while Picasso was married or in a serious relationship. Among a long list of Picasso\u2019s lovers, the following women were the most important (and famous) parts of the great artist\u2019s life: his first love Fernande Olivier; his first wife and mother of his first child, Olga Khokhlova; the mother of his first daughter Marie-Th\u00e9r\u00e8se Walter (who was 17 at the time they met; Picasso was 46); Dora Maar (the model for Picasso\u2019s famous painting\u00a0Dora Maar au Chat); the mother of two of his children, Fran\u00e7oise Gilot (who was 21 when they met; Picasso was 61); and his second wife, Jacqueline Roque (who was 27 at the time, while Picasso was 79).\r\nPicasso Died while Having Dinner with His Friends\r\nPicasso died on April 8, 1973 in the village of Mougins in France, at the age of 91. He died while entertaining his friends for dinner together with his second wife Jacqueline Roque.\r\nHis final words were, \u201cDrink to me, drink to my health, you know I can\u2019t drink any more.\u201d His death was too much for his ex-mistress Marie-Th\u00e9r\u00e8se Walter, who hanged herself four years after his death, and for his second wife Jacqueline, who shot herself 13 years after his death.\r\nGuernica Is Picasso\u2019s Most Famous Work\r\nGuernica is without a doubt Pablo Picasso\u2019s most famous painting. It is not just an amazing artwork, but a powerful political statement \u2013 Picasso\u2019s reaction to the German bombing of Guernica in 1937 (during the Spanish Civil War). It is a depiction of the tragedies of war and the vast suffering it inflicts on innocent civilians. As such, it has become an anti-war symbol and an embodiment of peace. Guernica is a mural-size canvas painted in oil; it is painted in grey, black and white colors, measures 11 feet tall and 26 feet wide, and currently resides in the Reina Sofia Museum in Madrid. The painting was commissioned by the Spanish Republican Government for the Spanish contribution to the International Exposition dedicated to Art and Technology in Modern Life at the 1937 World\u2019s Fair in Paris.\r\nPicasso Was Once Accused of Stealing the Mona Lisa\r\nOn August 11, 1911, a great shock hit the art world \u2013 the most famous painting in the world, Da Vinci\u2019s Mona Lisa, was stolen from the Louvre. A French newspaper offered a reward for any information relating to the bold theft, and a man who claimed to know something soon appeared. He had supposedly stolen a few statues himself from the Louvre a few years back for the poet Guillaume Apollinaire, who in turn sold them to Pablo Picasso. Picasso, not even 30 years old at the time, was taken to court, but denied any knowledge that the statues were stolen and any connection to the Mona Lisa theft. Since there was absolutely no real evidence that would connect Picasso to the theft, the charges were soon dropped.\r\n\r\nTwo years later, the real thief was discovered \u2013 a former guard at the Louvre going by the name of Vincenzo Peruggia. He was caught trying to sell the famous painting to an art dealer. Although he confessed to the crime, claiming that he wanted to bring the Mona Lisa back to her home of Italy, many people continued to believe (and still do) that Picasso was somehow involved in the daring theft\u2026\r\nPicasso Was Once So Poor that He Had to Keep Himself Warm by Burning His Paintings\r\nAlthough Picasso\u2019s paintings now sell for millions, Pablo Picasso facts reveal that he was very poor during certain periods of his life. In his early twenties (in his Blue Period at the beginning of the 20th century), life was especially rough for him: one of his close friends had recently committed suicide, and Picasso\u2019s works were only rarely bought, so he lived in extreme poverty. At times, he was so desperate that he was forced to burn some of his artwork in order to keep warm and survive. His feelings and life situation at that time are clearly visible in his Blue Period paintings \u2013 they often depict poor and suffering people.\r\nPicasso\u2019s Blue Period Was Marked by Blue and Blue-Orange Shades of Color\r\nWhere did Picasso\u2019s early era of painting, known as the Blue Period, and which lasted from 1901 until 1904, get its name? From the color blue, of course! His paintings of this period were very somber, and painted in cold blue and blue-green shades that only seldom saw the addition of warmer colors, usually in the form of blue-orange shades. During this time, Picasso lived on the road from Barcelona to Paris, so experts are not sure where exactly his Blue Period started. Beggars, prostitutes, blind people and broken mothers were central to most of his artworks of the time, including the well-known\u00a0La Vie, which can nowadays be seen in the Cleveland Museum of Art.\r\nIn His Rose Period, Picasso Adopted a More Cheerful Style\r\nPablo Picasso facts reveal that the great painter, after his gloomy Blue Period, started painting in a more cheerful style with many orange and pink colors, after which his second major period of painting is named \u2013 the Rose Period. His artistry of this period was full of circus people, acrobats and harlequins (traditional comic servant characters from Italian theatre), and the latter also became his personal symbol. His more cheerful style is often also attributed to Fernande Olivier, a young bohemian French artist, and Picasso\u2019s first real love.\r\nPicasso Also Had a Short African-Influenced Period\r\nPablo Picasso facts also reveal that the famous painter found inspiration for his art in African culture during a short period of his life. The artistry of this period, known as Picasso\u2019s African Period or the Black Period, was heavily influenced by African sculpturing, especially traditional African masks. Paris was full of African art at that time, so Picasso certainly had plenty of opportunities to explore it. The most famous painting from the African Period is\u00a0Les Demoiselles d\u2019Avignon\u00a0(\u201cThe Young Ladies of Avignon\u201d), which can be seen in the Museum of Modern Art in New York.\r\nPicasso Was Considered a Stillbirth at the Time of His Birth\r\nThe world could have easily been deprived of all the beauty Picasso created in his works of art, since he was believed to have been stillborn at the time of his birth. His mother had an extremely difficult birth and the baby Pablo looked extremely weak, so the midwife present at the birth just left him lying on the table and tended to his mother instead. Luckily for Pablo, his uncle, Don Salvador, was also present at the birth. Don Salvador was a doctor, but it was not his medical knowledge that saved the baby Pablo; it was his cigar, a popular accessory of doctors at the time. When Don Salvador blew smoke into Pablo\u2019s face, he responded with a grimace and a bellow of fury, letting them all know he was alive.\r\nPicasso Was Strongly Opposed to the Spanish Dictator Franco\r\nPablo Picasso facts show that he was an active opponent of the infamous Spanish dictator General Francisco Franco. Picasso was a supporter of the Republic, which was overthrown by Franco\u2019s military revolt, so it is no surprise that he spoke out against Franco\u2019s regime on various occasions. His contempt for the dictator who overtook his homeland is clearly seen in many of his artworks, most notably in the famous\u00a0Guernica\u00a0from 1937 and\u00a0The Dream and Lie of Franco\u00a0from the same year. Picasso unfortunately didn\u2019t live long enough to see Franco\u2019s regime fall, as Franco died in November 1975, approximately two and a half years after Picasso.\r\nPicasso Spent Most of His Life Outside of His Home Country\r\nStarting in his early youth, Picasso was forced to move around quite a lot. He left his hometown of Malaga in southern Spain for La Coru\u00f1a, La Coru\u00f1a for Barcelona, Barcelona for Madrid and then vice-versa: Madrid for Barcelona. In his early twenties, he settled in Paris permanently, never to live in the General Franco-dictated Spain again. He didn\u2019t even leave Paris when it was occupied by the Nazi Germans during World War II. Eventually he did leave the city, but only in his later years when he bought a few villas in the south of France, where he lived and painted until the end of his life.\r\nPicasso Became a Communist Later on in His Life\r\nMany people don\u2019t know that Pablo Picasso became a communist in his sixties, during World War II. He joined the French Communist Party in 1944, shortly after the liberation of Paris from Nazi rule, and his explanation for his decision was a short and simple one. He stated, \u201cI have found there all whom I respect most, the greatest thinkers, the greatest poets and all the faces of the resistance fighters.\u201d Some of his (controversial) works from that period include the \u201cMassacre in Korea\u201d, portraying US soldiers attacking pregnant women and children, and a portrait of Stalin. Despite joining the Communist Party, he was not always a supporter of communism and the Soviet Union \u2013 in 1956, for example, he signed a protest letter condemning the Soviet invasion of Hungary.\r\nPicasso\u2019s Paintings Are Very Popular Among Art Thieves\r\nPablo Picasso facts reveal a simple truth: more of his paintings have been stolen than any other artist in history. While this is certainly not the best thing that could have happened, it is a clear sign of how highly his artwork is valued on the market. Nearly 1,200 of his works are listed as stolen, missing or disputed, including\u00a0Le pigeon aux petits pois,which was stolen during the infamous 2010 Paris Museum of Modern Art heist \u2013 one of the most daring (and most costly) art thefts in history.\r\n\r\nPablo Picasso Facts \u2014 Facts about Pablo Picasso Summary\r\nPablo Picasso, whose full name was Pablo Diego Jos\u00e9 Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno Mar\u00eda de los Remedios Cipriano de la Sant\u00edsima Trinidad Ruiz y Picasso, was born in Malaga, Spain, on October 25, 1881. He showed his talent for art at a very young age and was encouraged by his father, who was also a painter. Picasso left his homeland in his early twenties, settling in the then center of the art world \u2013 Paris. He remained in France until his death in 1973, at the very respectable age of 91, so most of his art was created in France. His style and interests changed greatly over the course of his career, and his work is typically divided into various periods, starting with the Blue Period in the beginning of the 20th century. In addition to being one of the greatest painters of all time, Picasso also exhibited a talent for other forms of art, including writing poetry and plays.