Danya Briseno

Written by Danya Briseno

Modified & Updated: 02 Mar 2024

Jessica Corbett

Reviewed by Jessica Corbett

Source: Facts.net

November 19th has been a significant date throughout history, with numerous noteworthy events unfolding on this day. From groundbreaking discoveries to impactful historical moments, November 19th has shaped the world in various ways. By delving into the past, we can gain a deeper understanding of our shared history and appreciate the rich tapestry of human achievement and progress. In this article, we will explore a range of facts and events that took place on November 19th. From scientific breakthroughs to cultural milestones, each piece of history provides a glimpse into the remarkable accomplishments and moments that have occurred on this specific date. Join us as we unravel the fascinating events that unfolded on November 19th, illustrating the significance and impact of our shared human experience.

Key Takeaways:

  • November 19th marks historic events like the first national Thanksgiving in the US and the beginning of the Battle of Stalingrad, showcasing human achievements and contributions throughout history.
  • Notable births and deaths on November 19th include Russian polymath Mikhail Lomonosov and American actress Jodie Foster, highlighting the diverse impact of individuals on this significant date.
Table of Contents


  • 1789: The first national Thanksgiving in the United States is celebrated
  • 1863: President Abraham Lincoln delivers the Gettysburg Address during the American Civil War
  • 1942: The Battle of Stalingrad begins, marking a turning point in World War II
  • 1990: Margaret Thatcher resigns as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
  • 2013: The World Trade Organization’s Bali Package is agreed upon, aiming to lower trade barriers globally


  • 1863: French physicist Étienne-Jules Marey invents the chronophotographic gun, a precursor to motion pictures
  • 1919: Albert Einstein’s theory of general relativity is tested and confirmed during a total solar eclipse
  • 1998: The International Space Station (ISS) begins its first assembly mission
  • 2004: The Mars Rover “Spirit” lands on Mars, beginning its mission to explore the planet’s surface
  • 2014: Philae, a robotic spacecraft, successfully lands on a comet for the first time in history


  • 1863: United States President Abraham Lincoln delivers the Gettysburg Address during the American Civil War
  • 1919: The United States Senate rejects the Treaty of Versailles, preventing the country from joining the League of Nations
  • 1933: The United States recognizes the Soviet Union as the government of Russia
  • 1985: President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev meet for the first time in Geneva, Switzerland
  • 2005: Angela Merkel becomes the first female Chancellor of Germany


  • 1994: The Lion King, a critically acclaimed animated film, is released by Walt Disney Pictures
  • 1998: The Battle of Hogwarts, one of the climactic events in the Harry Potter series, takes place in the fictional wizarding world
  • 2013: Beyoncé releases her self-titled surprise album, which becomes a major success
  • 2016: The Museum of African American History and Culture opens in Washington, D.C., celebrating the history and contributions of African Americans
  • 2020: The Great Gatsby, a novel by F. Scott Fitzgerald, is published for the first time


  • 1711: Mikhail Lomonosov, Russian polymath and scientist
  • 1850: Eduard Buchner, German chemist and Nobel laureate
  • 1933: Larry King, American television and radio host
  • 1962: Jodie Foster, American actress and filmmaker
  • 1981: Meg Ryan, American actress and producer


  • 1828: Franz Schubert, Austrian composer
  • 1887: Emma Lazarus, American poet, best known for writing “The New Colossus” (which is inscribed on the Statue of Liberty)
  • 1952: Agnes Moorehead, American actress known for her role in the TV series “Bewitched”
  • 1985: Italo Calvino, Italian journalist and author
  • 2005: Peter Drucker, Austrian-born American management consultant and author


The date November 19th has been witness to a wide range of historic events, scientific breakthroughs, political milestones, cultural events, and notable births and deaths throughout history. From the celebration of the first national Thanksgiving in the United States in 1789 to the achievement of landing a robotic spacecraft on a comet in 2014, this date carries immense significance in various fields.

Whether in politics, science, culture, or personal milestones, November 19th continues to be a day that leaves a mark on the historical timeline of human achievements. The events that have taken place on this day serve as a reminder of the progress and contributions made by individuals and societies throughout the years.


Q: What are some notable events that happened on November 19th?

A: Some notable events that occurred on November 19th include the first national Thanksgiving in the United States in 1789, the Battle of Stalingrad beginning in 1942, and the Mars Rover “Spirit” landing on Mars in 2004.

Q: Who was born on November 19th?

A: Notable individuals born on November 19th include Russian polymath Mikhail Lomonosov in 1711, American television host Larry King in 1933, and American actress Jodie Foster in 1962.

Q: What scientific breakthroughs happened on November 19th?

A: On November 19th, French physicist Étienne-Jules Marey invented the chronophotographic gun in 1863, and in 1998, the International Space Station (ISS) began its first assembly mission.

Q: Are there any political milestones associated with November 19th?

A: Yes, some political milestones of November 19th include United States President Abraham Lincoln delivering the Gettysburg Address in 1863 and Angela Merkel becoming the first female Chancellor of Germany in 2005.

Q: Who are some notable individuals who passed away on November 19th?

A: Notable deaths on November 19th include Austrian composer Franz Schubert in 1828, American poet Emma Lazarus in 1887, and Italian journalist and author Italo Calvino in 1985.

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