Grete Mallon

Written by Grete Mallon

Modified & Updated: 30 May 2024

Sherman Smith

Reviewed by Sherman Smith


Welcome to our daily feature, where we take a trip down memory lane to explore all the fascinating facts and events that took place on November 12th throughout history. From momentous milestones to significant discoveries, this date has seen its fair share of remarkable occurrences that have shaped the world we live in today. By delving into the past, we can gain a deeper understanding of the events and individuals that have influenced our present. From historic moments in politics and science to cultural landmarks and sporting triumphs, November 12th has played host to a diverse range of happenings throughout the years.So, join us as we uncover the important events, curious anecdotes, and noteworthy births and deaths that transpired on this day. Whether you’re a history buff, a curious soul, or simply looking to expand your knowledge, our daily feature is here to inform and entertain. Let’s embark on this journey together and discover the significance of November 12th in history.

Key Takeaways:

  • November 12th has seen major events like the opening of the Holland Tunnel and the birth of influential figures. It’s a day of scientific breakthroughs, political milestones, and cultural landmarks, showcasing the richness of human history.
  • From the landing of the Philae probe on a comet to the premiere of “Captain Kangaroo,” November 12th is a day of exploration, creativity, and significant achievements across various fields.
Table of Contents


  • 1927: The Holland Tunnel, connecting New York City and New Jersey, opens to traffic.
  • 1942: The naval Battle of Guadalcanal begins during World War II.
  • 1954: Ellis Island, the gateway for millions of immigrants to the United States, closes its doors after 62 years of operation.
  • 1969: The iconic band Led Zeppelin releases their second studio album titled “Led Zeppelin II.
  • 1990: Tim Berners-Lee publishes a formal proposal for the World Wide Web.


  • 1892: Physicist and engineer Edith Clarke is born. She would go on to invent the Clarke calculator, a graphical device used to solve electrical transmission line problems.
  • 1951: The first direct-dial long-distance telephone call is made between Mayor M. Leslie Denning of Englewood, New Jersey and Mayor Frank Osborne of Alameda, California.
  • 1969: The Mariner 9 spacecraft becomes the first spacecraft to enter orbit around Mars.
  • 1981: The space shuttle Columbia becomes the first reusable spacecraft to be launched into space.
  • 2014: The Philae probe, part of the European Space Agency’s Rosetta mission, successfully lands on comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko.


  • 1918: Austria becomes a republic following the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire at the end of World War I.
  • 1927: Leon Trotsky is expelled from the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, marking a significant shift in the power dynamics within the party.
  • 1968: Richard Nixon is elected as the 37th President of the United States, defeating the Democratic nominee Hubert Humphrey.
  • 1997: Ramzi Yousef, the mastermind behind the 1993 bombing of the World Trade Center, is found guilty and sentenced to life imprisonment.
  • 2009: The German Parliament passes legislation allowing the use of military force for international crises, marking a significant departure from Germany’s traditional foreign policy stance.


  • 1815: American writer and poet Elizabeth Cady Stanton is born. She would later become a prominent figure in the women’s suffrage movement.
  • 1917: Jazz musician Ray McKinley is born. He would go on to become a drummer and bandleader, known for his work with the Glenn Miller Orchestra.
  • 1955: The first episode of the television series “Captain Kangaroo” is aired, becoming an iconic children’s show in the United States.
  • 1980: The Voyager I space probe captures the first-ever image of the Earth and the Moon together, known as the “pale blue dot” photograph.
  • 1999: The animated film “Toy Story 2” is released, becoming a critical and commercial success for Pixar Animation Studios.


  • 1840: Auguste Rodin, French sculptor.
  • 1893: Edward Bernard Tatum, American biochemist and Nobel laureate.
  • 1929: Grace Kelly, American actress and Princess consort of Monaco.
  • 1945: Neil Young, Canadian singer-songwriter and musician.
  • 1968: Sammy Sosa, Dominican-American baseball player.


  • 1859: Washington Irving, American writer and diplomat.
  • 1938: Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Turkish army officer and first President of Turkey.
  • 1955: Charles M. Schwab, American steel magnate and philanthropist.
  • 1994: Wilma Rudolph, American sprinter and three-time Olympic gold medalist.
  • 2001: Richard Harris, Irish actor known for his role as Albus Dumbledore in the first two Harry Potter films.


November 12nd has seen a multitude of significant events throughout history. From the opening of the Holland Tunnel to the birth of iconic figures like Grace Kelly and Neil Young, this day has left its mark on various fields such as politics, science, culture, and beyond. Scientific breakthroughs like the landing of the Philae probe on a comet and the first direct-dial long-distance telephone call showcase the progress humanity has made in exploration and communication. Political milestones, such as Austria becoming a republic and Richard Nixon’s election as President of the United States, have shaped the course of nations. The cultural landscape has also been shaped by events like the premiere of the beloved television show “Captain Kangaroo” and the release of groundbreaking films like “Toy Story 2.” The events that have taken place on November 12nd remind us of the richness and diversity of human history.


Q: What are some notable events that happened on November 12nd?

A: Some notable events that took place on November 12nd include the opening of the Holland Tunnel, the landing of the Philae probe on a comet, and the birth of influential figures such as Neil Young and Grace Kelly.

Q: Are there any scientific breakthroughs associated with November 12nd?

A: Yes, November 12nd has witnessed significant scientific breakthroughs, including the first direct-dial long-distance telephone call and the Mariner 9 spacecraft becoming the first to orbit Mars.

Q: Have any political milestones occurred on November 12nd?

A: Yes, notable political milestones on November 12nd include Austria becoming a republic after the end of World War I and Richard Nixon’s election as the 37th President of the United States.

Q: Are there any cultural events linked to November 12nd?

A: Certainly! The first episode of the popular children’s show “Captain Kangaroo” aired on November 12nd, and the iconic “pale blue dot” photograph of Earth and the Moon was taken by the Voyager I space probe on this day.

Q: Who were some notable individuals born on November 12nd?

A: Famous individuals born on November 12nd include Auguste Rodin, the renowned French sculptor, and Sammy Sosa, the Dominican-American baseball player.

Q: Have any notable deaths occurred on November 12nd?

A: Yes, some notable deaths on November 12nd include Washington Irving, the American writer and diplomat, and Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the Turkish army officer and first President of Turkey.

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