Leisha Lincoln

Written by Leisha Lincoln

Modified & Updated: 18 May 2024

Jessica Corbett

Reviewed by Jessica Corbett

Source: Facts.net

Every day in history holds significant events that have shaped the world we live in today. February 27th, in particular, has witnessed its fair share of captivating moments and pivotal occurrences. From groundbreaking discoveries to notable achievements and impactful milestones, this date has left an indelible mark on various aspects of human history.

By delving into the events that transpired on February 27th throughout the years, we can gain a deeper understanding of our past and appreciate the individuals and events that have influenced our present reality. In this article, we will explore some remarkable facts and notable events that took place on February 27th. So, let’s embark on a journey through time and unravel the intriguing stories that unfolded on this historically significant day.

Key Takeaways:

  • February 27th marks a day of historical, scientific, and cultural significance, from battles and political decisions to DNA discovery and film releases. It’s a date filled with impactful events!
  • On February 27th, notable figures like Elizabeth Taylor and John Steinbeck were born, while important scientific breakthroughs and political milestones also took place. It’s a day packed with diverse achievements!
Table of Contents


  • 1812: The Battle of Borodino takes place during the French invasion of Russia.
  • 1933: The Reichstag fire in Berlin gave Hitler an excuse to suspend civil liberties and increase Nazi power.
  • 1951: The 22nd Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, limiting the presidency to two terms.
  • 1991: Gulf War: U.S. President George H. W. Bush declares a cease-fire, effectively ending the conflict.
  • 2010: An 8.8-magnitude earthquake strikes Chile, triggering a tsunami and leaving more than 500 people dead.


  • 1900: British physicist Lord Rayleigh explains why the sky is blue, known as the Rayleigh scattering phenomenon.
  • 1953: James Watson and Francis Crick discover the structure of DNA, paving the way for modern genetics.
  • 1997: Scientists at Stanford University announce the successful cloning of a sheep named Dolly.
  • 2012: Scientists at CERN announce the discovery of a new subatomic particle, believed to be the Higgs boson.
  • 2019: NASA’s Opportunity rover mission officially comes to an end after 15 years of exploration on Mars.


  • 380: Roman Emperor Theodosius I issues the Edict of Thessalonica, making Nicene Christianity the state religion of the Roman Empire.
  • 1900: The British Labour Party is founded, becoming the country’s main center-left political party.
  • 1973: The American Indian Movement occupies the town of Wounded Knee, South Dakota, in protest against the U.S. government’s treatment of Native Americans.
  • 1999: In Nigeria, Olusegun Obasanjo is elected as the first civilian president after 15 years of military rule.
  • 2020: South Korean film Parasite becomes the first non-English language film to win the Best Picture Oscar at the Academy Awards.


  • 1902: John Steinbeck, the American author of novels such as “The Grapes of Wrath” and “Of Mice and Men,” is born in California.
  • 1932: Elizabeth Taylor, the British-American actress known for her roles in films like “Cleopatra” and “Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?,” is born in England.
  • 1989: The Disney animated film “The Little Mermaid” is released, becoming a critical and commercial success.
  • 1991: The film “Silence of the Lambs” wins five Academy Awards, including Best Picture and Best Actress for Jodie Foster.
  • 2013: Canadian singer-songwriter, Justin Bieber, releases his album “Believe Acoustic,” which quickly tops the charts.


  • 1807: Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, American poet and educator.
  • 1932: Dame Elizabeth Taylor, British-American actress and humanitarian.
  • 1962: Adam Baldwin, American actor known for his roles in “Firefly” and “Chuck.”
  • 1971: Rozonda “Chilli” Thomas, American singer-songwriter and member of the group TLC.
  • 1980: Chelsea Clinton, American author and daughter of former U.S. President Bill Clinton and Hillary Clinton.


  • 280: Saint Valentine, Roman bishop and martyr.
  • 1560: Robert Dudley, English nobleman and courtier, close friend of Queen Elizabeth I.
  • 1975: Moira Shearer, Scottish ballet dancer, and actress known for her role in the film “The Red Shoes.
  • 1991: Sergiu Celibidache, Romanian conductor known for his interpretations of classical and romantic music.
  • 2007: Dennis Johnson, American basketball player and member of the Basketball Hall of Fame.


February 27th has witnessed numerous significant historical, scientific, political, cultural events, as well as notable births and deaths throughout the years. From key battles to groundbreaking scientific discoveries, and from political milestones to cultural achievements, this date holds a place in various aspects of human history.


Q: What is the significance of February 27th in history?

A: February 27th has been marked by several important events, including battles, scientific breakthroughs, political decisions, cultural events, and notable births and deaths.

Q: Are there any famous people born on February 27th?

A: Yes, notable individuals born on February 27th include poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, actress Elizabeth Taylor, actor Adam Baldwin, singer Rozonda “Chilli” Thomas, and author Chelsea Clinton, among others.

Q: What are some significant scientific breakthroughs that occurred on February 27th?

A: February 27th witnessed notable scientific achievements such as the explanation of the blue sky phenomenon by Lord Rayleigh, the discovery of DNA’s structure by James Watson and Francis Crick, and the successful cloning of a sheep named Dolly.

Q: What are some important political milestones associated with February 27th?

A: Roman Emperor Theodosius I issued the Edict of Thessalonica on February 27th, making Nicene Christianity the state religion of the Roman Empire. Additionally, the British Labour Party was founded on this day, and the American Indian Movement’s protest at Wounded Knee took place.

Q: Can you mention any cultural events that occurred on February 27th?

A: Significant cultural events on this date include the birth of author John Steinbeck, the release of the Disney film “The Little Mermaid,” and the Academy Award wins for “Silence of the Lambs.”

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