What Happened On July 31st?
July 31st is a day filled with notable events and significant milestones throughout history. From scientific discoveries to political and social movements, this day has had a great impact on the world we live in today. Here are some of the most significant facts and events that have taken place on July 31st.
1498: Christopher Columbus discovers the island of Trinidad. On his third voyage to the New World, Italian explorer Christopher Columbus sighted an island in the Caribbean off the northeastern coast of South America. He named it “La Isla de la Trinidad” – the Island of Trinity. This island later became Trinidad. Columbus’s discovery marked the beginning of European exploration and colonization in the region.
1790: Inventor Samuel Hopkins is granted the first U.S. patent for the process of making potash, an ingredient used in fertilizer. This milestone event marked the beginning of the United States patent system. Since then, the United States patent system has played a crucial role in protecting intellectual property and fostering innovation.
1917: The Third Battle of Ypres begins in World War I. On July 31st, the British and their allies launched a major offensive against German forces in the Ypres Salient, an area in Belgium that saw some of the fiercest fighting of World War I. The battle, also known as Passchendaele, resulted in heavy casualties on both sides. In particular, it is remembered for its brutal conditions and relentless combat.
1964: The unmanned spacecraft Ranger 7 sends back the first close-up images of the Moon‘s surface. This provided valuable information for future lunar missions. The success of Ranger 7 marked a significant milestone in the U.S. space program and paved the way for the historic Apollo moon landings.
1853: The first night-time surgery is performed at Lychakiv Hospital in Lemberg. This event was significant in the history of medicine as it demonstrated the possibility of performing surgical procedures at night, which was previously thought to be too dangerous due to the limited availability of light and medical equipment. It was only made possible by the use of new paraffin oil lamps invented by Polish pharmacist, engineer, inventor, and businessman Ignacy Łukasiewicz.
2008: NASA announced that the Phoenix Mars Lander had discovered water ice on the surface of Mars. This groundbreaking discovery bolstered the possibility of finding microbial life on the Red Planet. Furthermore, it opened up new avenues for future Mars exploration.
1987: The debut album of American rock band Guns N’ Roses, “Appetite for Destruction”, is released. The album, which includes iconic tracks like “Welcome to the Jungle” and “Sweet Child o’ Mine,” went on to become one of the best-selling debut albums of all time. Indeed, it truly solidified the band’s status as a rock legend.
1988: The last Playboy Club closes in Lansing, Michigan. Owned and operated by Playboy Enterprises, the Playboy Clubs were known for their luxurious settings, high-end entertainment, and of course, the presence of Playboy Bunnies, who served as hostesses and waitresses. Today, the legacy of the Playboy Club lives on through popular culture and the continued influence of Playboy Enterprises on the fashion, entertainment, and media industries.
- Friedrich Wöhler (1800–1882) – A German chemist. Wöhler is best known for his synthesis of urea, an organic compound, from inorganic materials. This groundbreaking discovery challenged the prevailing belief that organic compounds could only be derived from living organisms. It marked a turning point in the field of organic chemistry.
- Milton Friedman (1912–2006) – An American economist and Nobel laureate. Friedman’s influential work in the fields of monetary policy, consumption analysis, and economic stabilization has made him one of the most prominent economists of the 20th century. His advocacy for free-market capitalism and monetarism has had a lasting impact on economic policy and theory.
- Geraldine Chaplin (1944) – An English-American actress and daughter of iconic actor Charlie Chaplin. Geraldine Chaplin has appeared in numerous films throughout her career, including “Doctor Zhivago,” “Nashville,” and “The Age of Innocence”. Her talent and versatility as an actress have earned her recognition and accolades both in the United States and internationally.
- Wesley Snipes (1962) – An American actor, producer, and martial artist. Snipes is best known for his roles in films such as “White Men Can’t Jump”, “Demolition Man”, and the “Blade” trilogy. His dynamic acting skills and martial arts prowess have made him a popular action star in Hollywood.
July 31st has been a day of notable events and significant milestones throughout history. From the birth of celebrated actors to groundbreaking space discoveries, this day has had an impact on science, culture, and society. These events serve as a reminder of the importance of learning from history and striving for progress and advancement in all areas of life.