Written by Selina

Modified & Updated: 23 May 2024

Sherman Smith

Reviewed by Sherman Smith

xanthan gum food additive for dough on white plate in wooden spoon with metal whisk

Xanthan gum is a common food additive that has gained popularity for its unique properties and versatile applications in the culinary world. It is widely used as a thickening agent, stabilizer, and emulsifier in a variety of food products. But what exactly is xanthan gum, and what nutritional benefits does it offer? In this article, we’ll delve into 11 nutrition facts about xanthan gum, exploring its fiber content, gluten-free nature, and its role in enhancing texture and stability in various recipes. Join us as we uncover the wonders of this versatile food additive!

Table of Contents

Derived from Fermentation

Xanthan gum is derived from the fermentation of carbohydrates, typically from corn, soy, or wheat. During fermentation, a specific bacteria called Xanthomonas campestris produces a gel-like substance, which is then dried and ground into a fine powder to create xanthan gum.

High in Soluble Fiber

One of the notable nutrition facts about xanthan gum is its high soluble fiber content. It acts as a prebiotic, promoting the growth of beneficial bacteria in the gut. Although consumed in small amounts, xanthan gum can contribute to overall fiber intake.

Gluten-Free Alternative

Xanthan gum is a valuable ingredient for individuals following a gluten-free diet. It can be used as a substitute for gluten, helping to improve the texture and binding properties of gluten-free baked goods and other recipes.

Low in Calories

Xanthan gum is a low-calorie food additive. In fact, it contains only about 30 calories per tablespoon. As a result, it can be a useful tool for those looking to reduce their caloric intake without compromising texture or stability in their favorite recipes.

Enhances Texture and Stability

Xanthan gum is a thickener and stabilizer commonly used in sauces, dressings, and baked goods. It is typically used in a powdered form.
Image from Adobe Stock

One of the key benefits of xanthan gum is its ability to enhance texture and stability in various food products. It can create a desired thickness and viscosity, giving sauces, dressings, and other liquids a smooth and appealing consistency.

Suitable for Vegetarians and Vegans

Xanthan gum is a vegan-friendly ingredient, making it suitable for those following vegetarian or vegan diets. It is derived from plant-based sources and does not involve the use of animal products during its production.

Increases Shelf Life

When used as a food additive, xanthan gum can help increase the shelf life of certain products. Its stabilizing properties prevent ingredients from separating, reducing the risk of spoilage and maintaining the quality of the product over time.

Improves Gluten-Free Baking

Gluten-free baking can be challenging due to the absence of gluten, which provides elasticity and structure to baked goods. Xanthan gum can help improve the texture and rise of gluten-free baked goods, resulting in more satisfying and enjoyable creations.


Xanthan gum is considered an allergen-free ingredient, as it does not contain any of the major food allergens, such as wheat, dairy, soy, or nuts. This makes it a safe option for individuals with common food allergies or intolerances.

Versatile Culinary Applications

Xanthan gum has a wide range of culinary applications beyond its use as a thickener. It can be used to stabilize salad dressings, prevent ice crystals in frozen desserts, improve the texture of gluten-free bread, and even create smooth and creamy dairy-free sauces.

Small Amounts Make a Big Difference

Only a small amount of xanthan gum is typically needed to achieve the desired texture and stability in recipes. As a general guideline, 1/8 to 1/2 teaspoon per cup of liquid is sufficient, depending on the desired thickness.


Embrace the versatility of xanthan gum, a food additive that can enhance the texture and stability of your favorite recipes. With its soluble fiber content, gluten-free nature, and ability to improve the culinary experience, xanthan gum offers a range of benefits in the kitchen. So, experiment with this remarkable ingredient and discover how it can elevate your cooking and baking endeavors.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Is xanthan gum safe to consume?

Yes, xanthan gum is considered safe for consumption when used in appropriate amounts. It has been approved by regulatory authorities as a food additive and is widely used in the food industry.

Can xanthan gum cause digestive issues?

In some individuals, consuming large amounts of xanthan gum may cause digestive issues such as bloating or gas. However, when used in typical culinary applications, such as in baking or sauces, it is unlikely to cause adverse effects.

Can xanthan gum be used in cold recipes or liquids?

Yes, xanthan gum can be used in cold recipes or liquids. It dissolves easily and can create the desired thickening or stabilizing effect even at lower temperatures.

Can xanthan gum be used as a substitute for eggs in vegan recipes?

While xanthan gum can help with texture and stability in vegan recipes, it cannot directly substitute eggs in terms of binding properties. Other ingredients, such as flaxseed meal or applesauce, may be more suitable as egg replacements.

Can xanthan gum be used in beverages?

Yes, xanthan gum can be used in beverages to improve texture and stability. It can help prevent separation and create a smoother mouthfeel in products such as smoothies, shakes, and certain types of juices.

Was this page helpful?

Our commitment to delivering trustworthy and engaging content is at the heart of what we do. Each fact on our site is contributed by real users like you, bringing a wealth of diverse insights and information. To ensure the highest standards of accuracy and reliability, our dedicated editors meticulously review each submission. This process guarantees that the facts we share are not only fascinating but also credible. Trust in our commitment to quality and authenticity as you explore and learn with us.