Stace Dandrea

Written by Stace Dandrea

Modified & Updated: 02 Jun 2024

Jessica Corbett

Reviewed by Jessica Corbett


Peru, located on the western coast of South America, is a fascinating country with a rich history, vibrant culture, and breathtaking natural beauty. From the awe-inspiring ruins of Machu Picchu to the diverse Amazon rainforest and the lively streets of Lima, Peru offers a diverse and unique experience for travelers. With its ancient civilizations, such as the Inca and Moche, and its Spanish colonial heritage, Peru is a country steeped in history. Its gastronomy is renowned worldwide, with dishes like ceviche and lomo saltado tantalizing taste buds. Peru is also home to the Andes Mountains, providing endless opportunities for hiking, trekking, and adventure. Whether you’re interested in history, culture, outdoor activities, or simply exploring new horizons, Peru promises to captivate and inspire you with its 48 fascinating facts that showcase a country like no other.

Key Takeaways:

  • Peru is a diverse country in South America, known for ancient ruins, delicious cuisine, and stunning landscapes. It’s home to Machu Picchu, the Andean condor, and the mysterious Nazca lines.
  • With its rich history, vibrant culture, and thrilling adventures, Peru offers something for everyone, from hikers and history buffs to foodies and nature lovers. It’s a must-visit destination for an unforgettable experience.
Table of Contents

Peru is located in South America.

Peru is a country situated in the western part of South America, bordered by Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia, and Chile.

The capital city of Peru is Lima.

Lima is not only the capital of Peru but also its largest city, with a population of over 9 million people.

Peru is known for its ancient ruins.

Machu Picchu, located in the Andes Mountains, is one of the most famous ancient ruins in Peru and attracts millions of tourists each year.

The official language of Peru is Spanish.

Spanish is widely spoken and is the official language of Peru, but there are also many indigenous languages spoken throughout the country.

Peru is home to the Amazon Rainforest.

A significant portion of the Amazon Rainforest is located within the borders of Peru, making it an incredibly biodiverse country.

The Inca civilization originated in Peru.

The Inca Empire was the largest empire in pre-Columbian America, and its capital, Cusco, is now a popular tourist destination.

Peru has diverse landscapes.

From the coastal deserts of the Pacific Ocean to the high Andes mountains and tropical rainforests, Peru offers a wide range of landscapes to explore.

The Peruvian cuisine is renowned worldwide.

Peru is known for its delicious and unique cuisine, with dishes such as ceviche, lomo saltado, and causa gaining international recognition.

The national drink of Peru is the Pisco Sour.

Pisco Sour is a cocktail made with Pisco, a grape brandy, lime juice, syrup, and egg white, and is considered the national drink of Peru.

Peru is home to one of the deepest canyons in the world.

The Colca Canyon is located in southern Peru and is twice as deep as the Grand Canyon, making it a popular destination for hikers and nature lovers.

Lake Titicaca is the highest navigable lake in the world.

Located on the border of Peru and Bolivia, Lake Titicaca sits at an altitude of 3,812 meters (12,507 feet) and is the largest lake in South America by volume.

The Nazca Lines are a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The Nazca Lines are a series of ancient geoglyphs located in the Nazca Desert, best viewed from the air, and are a fascinating mystery to researchers and archaeologists.

The annual Inti Raymi festival celebrates the Inca sun god.

Inti Raymi, also known as the Festival of the Sun, is a colorful celebration held in Cusco to honor the Inca sun god.

Peru is the world’s largest producer of cocaine.

Unfortunately, Peru has also gained a reputation for being a significant producer of cocaine, contributing to drug trafficking issues in the region.

The iconic Machu Picchu is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Machu Picchu is a 15th-century Inca citadel located in the mountains of Peru and is a must-visit destination for history and nature enthusiasts.

The Peruvian Andes are home to many challenging hiking trails.

The breathtaking landscapes of the Peruvian Andes offer hiking enthusiasts a variety of trails to explore, including the famous Inca Trail leading to Machu Picchu.

Peru has a diverse and vibrant traditional music scene.

From the traditional Andean music performed with native wind instruments to Afro-Peruvian rhythms, the music of Peru reflects its rich cultural heritage.

The famous Incan site of Sacsayhuaman is located near Cusco.

Sacsayhuaman is an impressive Incan fortress made up of massive stone walls and is known for its incredible architectural precision.

Peru is one of the world’s top producers of silver.

The country has a long history of silver mining, making it one of the leading producers of this precious metal globally.

The Peruvian flag has three vertical stripes.

The Peruvian flag consists of three vertical stripes: red, white, and red. The coat of arms is displayed on the central white stripe.

Peru is home to the largest flying bird in the world, the Andean condor.

The Andean condor has a wingspan of up to 10 feet and is a symbolic bird in Peruvian culture.

The Inca Trail is a famous trek that leads to Machu Picchu.

The Inca Trail is a legendary trek that offers adventurers the opportunity to experience breathtaking views and discover ancient Inca ruins along the way.

The currency of Peru is the Peruvian Sol.

The official currency in Peru is the Peruvian Sol (PEN), and it is used in daily transactions throughout the country.

Peru has 28 different climates.

Due to its vast geography, Peru is known for its incredible climate diversity, ranging from equatorial rainforests to arid deserts and high-altitude mountains.

The Spanish conquistadors arrived in Peru in the 16th century.

The arrival of the Spanish conquistadors, led by Francisco Pizarro, marked the beginning of colonial rule in Peru and the downfall of the Inca Empire.

There are over 3,000 different varieties of potatoes grown in Peru.

Peru is considered the birthplace of the potato, and its diverse landscapes offer the perfect conditions for growing a wide range of potato varieties.

The official sport of Peru is soccer.

Soccer, known as “fútbol” in Peru, is the most popular sport in the country, with passionate fans and competitive teams.

The Peruvian coastline stretches over 2,400 kilometers (1,500 miles).

Peru boasts a beautiful coastline along the Pacific Ocean, offering stunning beaches, surfing spots, and delicious seafood cuisine.

Peru has 13 UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

From historic cities and archaeological sites to natural wonders, Peru has a diverse collection of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

The Maras Salt Mines in Peru date back to pre-Inca times.

The Maras Salt Mines, located in the Sacred Valley near Cusco, have been in operation for centuries and continue to produce salt using traditional methods.

The Peruvian Amazon is home to thousands of plant and animal species.

The Amazon Rainforest in Peru is one of the most biodiverse regions on the planet, housing countless species of plants, animals, and insects.

Peru has 12 official languages.

In addition to Spanish, there are 11 indigenous languages recognized as official languages in specific regions of Peru.

The traditional Peruvian dish Cuy is made with guinea pig.

Cuy, a traditional delicacy in Peru, is prepared by roasting or frying guinea pig and is often served during special occasions and festivals.

Natural gas is a significant natural resource in Peru.

Peru is rich in natural gas reserves and has been able to export this resource, contributing to its economic growth.

The iconic Uros Islands on Lake Titicaca are made of reeds.

The Uros Islands, located on Lake Titicaca, are man-made floating islands constructed using totora reeds and have been inhabited for centuries.

The Peruvian Andes are home to several peaks over 6,000 meters (19,685 feet).

The Andes Mountains in Peru offer challenging climbing opportunities, with peaks like Huascaran and Alpamayo attracting mountaineers from around the world.

Peru celebrates an Independence Day on July 28th.

July 28th is a significant holiday in Peru, as it marks the day when the country declared its independence from Spanish rule in 1821.

The Peruvian currency features famous historical figures.

The Peruvian Sol banknotes showcase notable figures from Peruvian history, including poets, politicians, and indigenous leaders.

Peru is one of the world’s top producers of copper.

Alongside silver, Peru is also a major producer of copper, contributing to the global supply of this valuable metal.

The Peruvian coast is home to the mysterious Nazca lines.

The enigmatic Nazca lines, etched into the desert floor, depict various animals, shapes, and symbols, leaving researchers puzzled about their purpose.

Peru has a thriving textile industry.

Peru is known for its vibrant textile industry, with traditional weaving techniques and colorful textiles being an integral part of the country’s culture.

Peru has a rich cultural heritage.

The blending of indigenous, Spanish, and African influences has created a diverse and captivating cultural landscape in Peru.

The Amazon River begins in Peru.

The Amazon River, the largest river in the world by volume, originates in the Peruvian Andes and flows through several South American countries.

Peru is home to the mysterious city of Chavin de Huantar.

Chavin de Huantar, an ancient archaeological site, showcases impressive stone works and is considered one of the oldest civilizations in the Andes.

The Potato Park in Peru is dedicated to preserving potato biodiversity.

The Potato Park is a community-led initiative in Peru that aims to protect and promote the cultural and agricultural importance of potatoes.

Peru has a diverse range of traditional costumes.

Each region in Peru has its own distinct traditional costumes, reflecting the unique cultural heritage and history of the area.

The Peruvian dessert Suspiro de Limeña is a popular sweet treat.

Suspiro de Limeña, meaning “sigh of a lady from Lima,” is a creamy caramel dessert that is enjoyed by locals and visitors alike.

Peru attracts adventure seekers from around the world.

From hiking the Inca Trail to river rafting, paragliding, and sandboarding, Peru offers endless adventure opportunities for adrenaline junkies.


Peru is a country rich in history, culture, and natural beauty. With its stunning landscapes, ancient ruins, and vibrant cities, it offers a unique experience for travelers. From exploring the ancient city of Machu Picchu to indulging in delicious Peruvian cuisine, there is something for everyone in Peru. Whether you are interested in adventure travel, culinary delights, or immersing yourself in the fascinating traditions of the indigenous people, Peru is sure to leave you enchanted. So pack your bags, embrace the spirit of adventure, and get ready to create memories that will last a lifetime in this captivating South American gem.


Q: What is the official language of Peru?

A: The official language of Peru is Spanish, but there are also several indigenous languages spoken in different regions of the country.

Q: Do I need a visa to visit Peru?

A: It depends on your nationality. Some countries are exempt from requiring a visa for tourist visits of up to 90 days, while others may need to obtain one in advance.

Q: Is Machu Picchu the only attraction in Peru?

A: No, Peru offers a variety of attractions such as the Nazca Lines, the Amazon rainforest, Lake Titicaca, and the vibrant city of Lima, among others.

Q: What is the best time to visit Peru?

A: The best time to visit Peru is during the dry season, which typically runs from May to September. This period offers pleasant weather and is ideal for outdoor activities and exploring.

Q: Is it safe to travel to Peru?

A: Peru is generally a safe country for travelers, but it is always recommended to take common safety precautions, such as avoiding displaying valuable items and being aware of your surroundings.

Peru's rich history, stunning landscapes, and vibrant culture make it a captivating destination for travelers worldwide. From the enigmatic ruins of Machu Picchu to the fascinating life of former President Ollanta Humala, there's always more to explore. Chimbote, a coastal city in northern Peru, also holds its own secrets and surprises. Delve deeper into this South American gem by uncovering the mysteries behind these iconic places and people.

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