Suzette Sadowski

Written by Suzette Sadowski

Modified & Updated: 19 May 2024

Jessica Corbett

Reviewed by Jessica Corbett


Lima, the capital city of Peru, is a vibrant metropolis that offers a fascinating blend of history, culture, and modernity. As one of the largest cities in South America, Lima has a population of over 9 million people and is known for its rich heritage, culinary scene, and stunning architecture.

In this article, we will delve into 35 intriguing facts about Lima that will introduce you to the city’s unique charm and captivating ambiance. From its ancient origins as a pre-Columbian settlement to its contemporary status as a bustling urban hub, Lima has a plethora of stories to tell.

So, if you’re curious to uncover the secrets and lesser-known aspects of this captivating city, join us as we explore fascinating facts about Lima!

Key Takeaways:

  • Lima, the “City of Kings,” is a vibrant coastal capital with rich history, delicious cuisine, and a bustling arts scene. It’s a melting pot of cultures and a paradise for food lovers and adventure seekers.
  • From ancient ruins to modern skyscrapers, Lima offers a unique blend of tradition and innovation. With stunning ocean views, colorful street art, and a never-ending energy, the city is a captivating destination for all.
Table of Contents

Lima is the capital and largest city of Peru.

Lima, often referred to as the “City of Kings,” is the vibrant and bustling capital of Peru. It is located on the country’s central coast, overlooking the Pacific Ocean.

Lima was founded on January 18, 1535.

Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro established Lima as the “City of Kings” during the Spanish colonization of South America.

The official language of Lima is Spanish.

Spanish is widely spoken and understood throughout Lima. However, due to its diverse population, other languages such as Quechua and Aymara are also spoken by indigenous communities.

Lima is home to approximately 10 million people.

With its large population, Lima is not only the capital but also the most populous city in Peru.

Lima is located in the Coastal Region of Peru.

Its coastal location offers stunning views of the Pacific Ocean and beautiful beaches.

Lima experiences a mild, desert climate.

The city enjoys warm summers and cooler winters, with very little rainfall throughout the year.

Lima’s historical city center is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The historic center, known as the “City of the Kings,” is filled with well-preserved colonial architecture and provides an insight into Peru’s rich history.

The Plaza Mayor is the main square of Lima.

Located in the historic city center, the Plaza Mayor is surrounded by important landmarks such as the Government Palace, the Cathedral of Lima, and the Archbishop’s Palace.

Lima is famous for its culinary scene.

Peruvian cuisine is renowned worldwide, and Lima offers a wide variety of delicious dishes and flavors. From ceviche to lomo saltado, food lovers will be in for a treat.

Lima has a vibrant arts and cultural scene.

The city is home to various museums, art galleries, theaters, and music venues, showcasing the rich cultural heritage of Peru.

Lima hosted the Pan American Games in 2019.

Over 6,000 athletes from 41 countries participated in the prestigious sporting event held in Lima.

The district of Miraflores is one of the most popular tourist areas in Lima.

With its stunning ocean views, upscale shopping centers, and vibrant nightlife, Miraflores attracts both locals and tourists alike.

Lima is the gateway to the ancient city of Machu Picchu.

Many tourists traveling to Peru start their journey in Lima before embarking on the famous Machu Picchu trek.

Lima has a vibrant and colorful street art scene.

Walking through the streets of Lima, you will be captivated by the stunning murals and graffiti adorning the walls.

Lima is home to some of the best surfing spots in South America.

The city’s coastal location provides ideal conditions for surfing enthusiasts to catch some waves.

The Larco Museum in Lima houses an impressive collection of pre-Columbian art.

Visitors can explore artifacts and treasures from ancient civilizations that once thrived in Peru.

Lima has a diverse and multicultural population.

People from various backgrounds and ethnicities call Lima their home, making it a melting pot of cultures.

Lima boasts remarkable colonial architecture.

The city’s historic buildings, such as the Santo Domingo Convent and the Church of San Francisco, showcase the grandeur of Spanish colonial influence.

The Pacific Ocean provides a natural playground for water sports enthusiasts in Lima.

From surfing and parasailing to kayaking and jet skiing, there are plenty of thrilling activities to enjoy.

Lima’s vibrant markets offer a wide array of fresh produce and local goods.

The Mercado Central and Surquillo Market are popular destinations for food enthusiasts seeking authentic Peruvian ingredients.

Lima celebrates its anniversary with the Fiestas Patrias parade.

Every July 28th and 29th, the city comes alive with festive parades, music, dancing, and fireworks.

Lima is home to world-class restaurants.

The city boasts numerous Michelin-starred and internationally acclaimed restaurants, making it a food lover’s paradise.

Lima offers stunning panoramic views from its coastal cliffs.

The Mirador de Barranco and El Malecon are popular spots to enjoy breathtaking vistas of the Pacific Ocean.

Lima’s vibrant nightlife scene caters to all tastes.

From trendy nightclubs to cozy bars and live music venues, there’s something for everyone to enjoy after the sun sets.

Lima is a hub for international business and commerce.

The city’s strategic location and well-developed infrastructure make it an attractive destination for multinational companies and investors.

Lima has a strong connection to its indigenous roots.

The city embraces and celebrates its indigenous heritage through festivals, art, and cultural events.

Lima has a bustling street food culture.

Savor the flavors of Peru by trying popular street food dishes such as anticuchos, ceviche, and picarones.

Lima is home to impressive archaeological sites.

The Huaca Pucllana and Pachacamac are ancient sites that provide a glimpse into the pre-Columbian civilizations that once thrived in the region.

Lima’s Parque Kennedy is famous for its resident cats.

The park is inhabited by numerous friendly feline residents, becoming a popular attraction for cat lovers.

Lima has a unique blend of modern and traditional architecture.

The cityscape is a harmonious mix of skyscrapers, colonial buildings, and adobe structures.

Lima is a city of parks and green spaces.

From the enchanting Parque del Amor to the peaceful Parque de las Leyendas, there are many serene retreats in the bustling city.

Lima has a thriving fashion industry.

The city hosts fashion shows, designer boutiques, and renowned Peruvian fashion designers who showcase their creativity on both the national and international stage.

Lima hosts one of the largest New Year’s Eve firework displays in South America.

Locals and tourists gather at the city’s beaches to welcome the new year with a spectacular fireworks show.

Lima is known for its love of soccer.

The city is home to several professional soccer teams, and the passionate support from the fans makes attending a match a thrilling experience.

Lima is a city that never sleeps.

Whether day or night, there is always something happening in Lima. From lively street markets to late-night concerts, the energy of the city is contagious.


In conclusion, Lima is a fascinating city that is rich in history, culture, and natural beauty. From its ancient ruins and colonial architecture to its vibrant culinary scene and breathtaking coastline, Lima offers something for everyone. With its friendly locals, vibrant markets, and bustling city streets, it’s no wonder why Lima is becoming an increasingly popular destination for travelers.Whether you’re interested in exploring archaeological sites, indulging in delicious Peruvian cuisine, or simply soaking up the lively atmosphere, Lima will not disappoint. So next time you’re planning a trip, make sure to consider Lima as a top destination. You won’t be disappointed!


1. What is the best time to visit Lima?

The best time to visit Lima is during the dry season, which is from December to April. This is when you can enjoy warm temperatures and clear skies.

2. Is Lima a safe city for tourists?

Lima is generally a safe city for tourists, but like any other major city, it’s important to take precautions. Avoid walking alone at night in unfamiliar areas and keep an eye on your belongings.

3. What is the currency in Lima?

The currency in Lima is the Peruvian Sol (PEN). It’s best to have some local currency on hand, but credit cards are widely accepted in most establishments.

4. What are the must-visit attractions in Lima?

Some of the must-visit attractions in Lima include the historic city center, the Larco Museum, Miraflores District, and the beautiful coastline.

5. Can I drink tap water in Lima?

It’s generally not recommended to drink tap water in Lima. It’s best to stick to bottled water or water that has been properly filtered.

6. What is Lima famous for?

Lima is famous for its gastronomy, particularly its delicious ceviche and pisco sour. It’s also known for its rich history and archaeological sites such as Huaca Pucllana and Pachacamac.

7. Are there any day trips or excursions from Lima?

Yes, there are several day trips and excursions from Lima. Some popular options include visiting the ancient city of Caral, exploring the Paracas National Reserve, and taking a boat tour to the Ballestas Islands.

8. Do I need a visa to visit Lima?

Visa requirements vary depending on your nationality. It’s best to check with the Peruvian embassy or consulate in your country to determine if you need a visa to visit Lima.

9. What is the local language in Lima?

The official language in Lima is Spanish. However, many people in the tourism industry also speak English.

10. How can I get around Lima?

You can get around Lima using taxis, public buses, or the Metropolitano bus system. It’s also possible to rent a car, but be aware that traffic in the city can be congested.

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