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Mauritania, nestled in Northwest Africa, is a country brimming with diverse landscapes, rich cultural heritage, and fascinating history. With its vast expanses of desert, ancient cities, and welcoming people, it offers a unique travel experience for adventurous souls seeking to immerse themselves in a different world.

From its bustling capital city of Nouakchott to the wonders of the Sahara Desert, Mauritania has plenty to offer for both nature enthusiasts and history buffs. Whether you’re intrigued by the cultural traditions of the Moorish people or fascinated by the breathtaking beauty of the Banc d’Arguin National Park, this article will take you through 31 intriguing facts about Mauritania that will inspire you to explore this captivating destination.

Table of Contents

Mauritania is located in Northwest Africa.

Mauritania is a country situated in the Maghreb region of Northwest Africa, bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Senegal to the southwest, Mali to the east and southeast, Algeria to the northeast, and Western Sahara to the north.

The capital of Mauritania is Nouakchott.

Nouakchott is not only the capital but also the largest city of Mauritania. It was established in 1958 and became the capital in 1960 when the country gained independence.

Arabic is the official language of Mauritania.

Arabic is widely spoken and serves as the official language of Mauritania. However, several other languages such as Pulaar, Soninke, and Wolof are also spoken by different ethnic groups.

The national flag of Mauritania consists of green and gold bands.

The flag of Mauritania features horizontal bands of green and gold, with a red crescent and star in the top left corner. The green represents Islam, while the gold represents the desert sands.

The population of Mauritania is predominantly Muslim.

Islam is the predominant religion in Mauritania, with approximately 99% of the population identifying as Muslim.

Mauritania has a diverse ethnic makeup.

Mauritania is home to various ethnic groups, including the Moors (Arab-Berber), Black Africans, and Haratine (descendants of former slaves).

The scenic Banc d’Arguin National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Banc d’Arguin National Park, located on the Atlantic coast, is a protected area known for its rich biodiversity. It is a designated UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Mauritania is known for its traditional arts and crafts.

Mauritanian artisans are renowned for their skill in crafting traditional items such as carpets, pottery, silverware, and leatherwork.

The Mauritania Railway is one of the longest and heaviest trains in the world.

The Mauritania Railway is an iron ore railway that stretches over 700 kilometers, making it one of the longest and heaviest trains in the world.

Ouguiya is the currency of Mauritania.

The official currency of Mauritania is the Mauritanian Ouguiya (MRO).

Mauritania is rich in mineral resources.

Mauritania is known for its vast reserves of iron ore, copper, gold, and other mineral resources.

Chinguetti is an ancient city famous for its historical manuscripts.

Chinguetti, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, was once a prominent center of Islamic learning and is home to ancient manuscripts.

The traditional cuisine of Mauritania includes dishes like thieboudienne and dibi.

Thieboudienne, a flavorful rice and fish dish, and dibi, grilled meat served with rice or couscous, are popular traditional Mauritanian dishes.

Mauritania has a diverse wildlife population.

Mauritania is home to a variety of wildlife, including gazelles, ostriches, hyenas, and rare species like the Atlantic humpback dolphin.

The ancient city of Oualata is known for its intricate mud-brick architecture.

Oualata, another UNESCO World Heritage Site, is renowned for its unique mud-brick architecture, featuring intricate geometric patterns.

The traditional Mauritanian attire is known as the “boubou.”

The boubou is a loose-fitting garment adorned with colorful patterns, commonly worn by both men and women in Mauritania.

Mauritania has a large desert area called the Sahara Desert.

A significant portion of Mauritania is covered by the vast expanse of the Sahara Desert, known for its stunning sand dunes.

The ancient city of Tichitt is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Tichitt is an archaeological site in Mauritania that once served as an important trading center. It is recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Music and dance play a significant role in Mauritanian culture.

Mauritania has a rich musical heritage, with traditional music and dance forms like the ardine, gnawas, and tidinit being an integral part of the country’s cultural expression.

The Senegal River forms part of the Mauritania-Senegal border.

The Senegal River marks a natural border between Mauritania and its neighboring country, Senegal. It is an important water source for both countries.

The Ksar of Ouadane is an ancient desert trading post.

Ouadane, a former trading post on the trans-Saharan caravan routes, is an archaeological site recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Nouadhibou is a major fishing port in Mauritania.

Nouadhibou, located on the Atlantic coast, is known for its bustling fishing industry and is one of the largest fishing ports in Mauritania.

The Adrar Region is known for its stunning landscapes.

The Adrar Region in Mauritania is characterized by breathtaking landscapes, including rocky plateaus, sand dunes, and deep canyons.

Pointe du Cap Blanc is a cliff overlooking the Atlantic Ocean.

Pointe du Cap Blanc is a striking white cliff located on the Atlantic coast of Mauritania and serves as an important breeding site for seabirds.

Traditional Mauritanian weddings are elaborate affairs.

Mauritanian weddings are grand celebrations, often involving multiple days of festivities, traditional attire, music, and dancing.

Atar is the gateway to the stunning landscapes of the Adrar Plateau.

Atar, a town in Mauritania, is the starting point for exploring the captivating Adrar Plateau, known for its dramatic scenery.

The El Ghallaouiye festival celebrates the Mauritanian desert culture.

The El Ghallaouiye festival is an annual event that showcases the rich desert culture of Mauritania through music, poetry, camel races, and traditional nomadic activities.

The Richat Structure, also known as the “Eye of the Sahara,” is a natural geological formation.

The Richat Structure is a prominent circular formation in the Sahara Desert, resembling an eye when viewed from above. It has attracted attention from both scientists and tourists.

The 25th-largest country in the world, Mauritania covers an area of approximately 1,030,700 square kilometers.

Mauritania is a vast country, ranking as the 25th largest in the world in terms of land area.

The Imraguen people are traditional fishermen who reside along the Atlantic coast.

The Imraguen, a small ethnic group in Mauritania, have traditionally relied on fishing as their primary occupation and livelihood.

Mount Kédiet Ej Jill is the highest peak in Mauritania.

Mount Kédiet Ej Jill stands at an elevation of approximately 915 meters, making it the highest point in Mauritania.


In conclusion, these 31 facts about Mauritania offer a glimpse into the rich cultural heritage, stunning landscapes, and fascinating traditions of this West African nation. From its diverse ethnic groups to its vibrant music and cuisine, Mauritania has a lot to offer. The country’s vast deserts, breathtaking coastlines, and unique natural wonders make it a hidden gem for travelers seeking off-the-beaten-path adventures. Its rich history, influenced by ancient civilizations and Islamic traditions, adds depth to its cultural tapestry. Whether you’re interested in exploring ancient archaeological sites, immersing yourself in traditional Bedouin hospitality, or simply marveling at the beauty of the Sahara Desert, Mauritania has something for everyone.


1. What languages are spoken in Mauritania?

Mauritania is multilingual, with Arabic being the official language. Other languages spoken include French, Pulaar, Soninke, and Wolof.

2. Is Mauritania safe for tourists?

Mauritania is generally considered safe for tourists. However, it’s always advisable to take precautions and stay informed about the local situation before traveling.

3. What is the currency of Mauritania?

The currency of Mauritania is the Mauritanian Ouguiya (MRO).

4. What are the popular tourist attractions in Mauritania?

Some of the popular tourist attractions in Mauritania include the ancient city of Chinguetti, Banc d’Arguin National Park, Terjit Oasis, and the stunning pink sand dunes of Nouakchott Beach.

5. What is the climate like in Mauritania?

Mauritania has a desert climate with hot summers and mild winters. The coastal areas experience a more moderate climate.

6. Are there any cultural customs or etiquette to be aware of?

It is important to dress modestly and respect the Islamic traditions and customs of the Mauritanian people. It is also customary to greet others with a warm handshake and to remove shoes when entering someone’s home.

7. What is the local cuisine like in Mauritania?

Mauritanian cuisine is known for its flavorful dishes, such as thieboudienne (a rice and fish dish), mechoui (roasted lamb), and mint tea. Traditional Bedouin hospitality is also an integral part of the dining experience.

8. How can I travel within Mauritania?

Public transportation options in Mauritania include buses, taxis, and shared vans known as “bush taxis.” It is also possible to rent a car for independent travel.

9. Are there any specific visa requirements for visiting Mauritania?

Yes, most visitors to Mauritania are required to obtain a visa in advance. It is advisable to check with the Mauritanian embassy or consulate in your country for the latest visa requirements.

10. What is the best time to visit Mauritania?

The best time to visit Mauritania is during the cooler months of November to February when temperatures are more comfortable for exploring the desert and enjoying outdoor activities.