Emili Barthel

Emili Barthel

Modified & Updated: 09 Sep 2023

Source: Telegraph.co.uk

Bulgaria is a fascinating country located in Southeast Europe, known for its rich history, diverse landscapes, and vibrant culture. With a population of over 7 million people, Bulgaria offers a captivating blend of ancient traditions and modern development. From its stunning Black Sea coastline to its picturesque mountains and charming villages, there is so much to discover in this Eastern European gem.

In this article, we will delve into 39 intriguing facts about Bulgaria that will give you a deeper understanding and appreciation for this enchanting country. Whether you’re planning a trip to Bulgaria or simply curious about its unique features, be prepared to be amazed by its natural beauty, UNESCO World Heritage sites, delicious cuisine, and warm-hearted people.

Table of Contents

Bulgaria is one of the oldest countries in Europe.

With roots dating back to the 7th century, Bulgaria has a long and storied past.

The official language of Bulgaria is Bulgarian.

Bulgarian is a South Slavic language and is spoken by the majority of the population.

The capital city of Bulgaria is Sofia.

Sofia is not only the largest city in Bulgaria but also its cultural and economic center.

Bulgaria is famous for its stunning Rose Valley.

The Rose Valley, located in central Bulgaria, is known for its production of high-quality rose oil, used in perfumes and cosmetics.

Bulgaria is home to nine UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

These include the ancient city of Nessebar, the Rila Monastery, and the Thracian Tomb of Kazanlak.

Bulgarian yogurt is renowned worldwide for its health benefits.

The unique Lactobacillus bulgaricus bacteria strain gives Bulgarian yogurt its distinct taste and probiotic properties.

Bulgarians nod their heads to mean “no” and shake their heads to mean “yes”.

This cultural quirk can confuse foreigners at first, but it’s an interesting cultural difference.

The Cyrillic alphabet was invented by Bulgarian monks.

The Cyrillic script, used by many Slavic languages, was developed in the 9th century by prominent Bulgarian scholars St. Cyril and St. Methodius.

Bulgaria is home to a wide variety of traditional folk dances.

The country’s vibrant folklore includes captivating dances like the horo, performed at festive occasions and celebrations.

The Bulgarian cuisine is diverse and delicious.

From hearty traditional dishes like banitsa and tarator to mouthwatering desserts like baklava, Bulgarian food is a delight for the taste buds.

Bulgaria is known for its rich Thracian heritage.

The Thracians were an ancient civilization that inhabited the region and left behind remarkable artifacts and tombs.

The Belogradchik Rocks in Bulgaria are a natural phenomenon.

These awe-inspiring rock formations take on various shapes and colors, creating a unique and mesmerizing landscape.

Bulgarian roses are revered worldwide.

The country’s ideal climate and soil conditions make it the perfect place for cultivating high-quality roses.

The Bulgarian flag is one of the oldest national flags in the world.

The white, green, and red tricolor has been in use since the late 19th century.

Bulgaria is home to Europe’s oldest prehistoric town.

The ancient settlement of Provadia-Solnitsata dates back over 6,000 years.

The Seven Rila Lakes are a must-visit natural wonder.

Located in the Rila Mountains, these glacial lakes offer breathtaking views and hiking opportunities.

Bulgaria has a rich tradition of winemaking.

The country produces a wide range of delicious wines, including the famous Mavrud and Melnik varieties.

The Madara Rider is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

This impressive rock relief carved into a cliff depicts a horseman and dates back to the 8th century.

Bulgarian folk music is known for its distinctive rhythm and melodic patterns.

The soul-stirring sounds of traditional Bulgarian music have gained international recognition.

Bulgaria has a strong tradition of rose oil production.

The country’s rose oil is highly valued in the perfume industry and is an important export.

The Buzludzha Monument is an iconic abandoned monument.

This massive structure was built by the Bulgarian Communist Party and now stands as a haunting reminder of Bulgaria’s communist past.

Bulgaria is a land of mountains.

The country is home to several stunning mountain ranges, including the Balkan Mountains, the Pirin Mountains, and the Rhodope Mountains.

The Varna Necropolis is an ancient burial site.

Discovered near the city of Varna, it is one of the oldest necropolises in the world, dating back over 6,000 years.

Bulgaria has a turbulent history.

Throughout the centuries, Bulgaria has faced invasions, wars, and changes in its borders, shaping its complex historical narrative.

The Bulgarian Orthodox Church is the dominant religion in the country.

Orthodox churches and monasteries can be found throughout Bulgaria, showcasing impressive architecture and rich religious traditions.

The Plovdiv Roman Theatre is one of the best-preserved ancient theaters in the world.

Still used for various cultural events today, it is a remarkable testament to the country’s Roman past.

Bulgaria is home to numerous natural parks and reserves.

These protected areas preserve the country’s diverse flora and fauna, making it a haven for nature lovers.

Bulgarian folklore includes mythical creatures like the samodivas and the kikimora.

These enchanting beings are often featured in traditional tales and legends.

The Banya Bashi Mosque in Sofia is a striking architectural landmark.

Designed by the renowned Bulgarian architect Karel Shkorpil, it showcases an interesting mix of Oriental and European influences.

Bulgaria has a thriving film industry.

Over the years, Bulgarian films and filmmakers have gained international recognition and acclaim.

Bulgarians celebrate their National Day on March 3rd.

This day commemorates Bulgaria’s liberation from Ottoman rule in 1878.

Bulgarian hospitality is legendary.

Guests are often welcomed with warmth and treated like family, making for unforgettable experiences.

The Strandzha Nature Park is a unique ecological reserve.

Located in southeastern Bulgaria, it is a haven for rare plant and animal species.

Bulgaria has a strong tradition of craftsmanship.

From intricate woodcarvings to beautiful pottery, Bulgarian artisans showcase their skills in a variety of crafts.

The Bulgarian Lev is the official currency.

The currency is named after a medieval Bulgarian ruler, Tsar Ivan Asen II.

The Etar Architectural-Ethnographic Complex is a living museum.

Visitors can explore traditional Bulgarian crafts and experience life as it was in the past.

Bulgarian footballer Hristo Stoichkov is a national hero.

Stoichkov’s remarkable career, including his time at FC Barcelona, earned him adoration and respect from football fans around the world.

Bulgaria is a popular destination for spa tourism.

The country’s mineral-rich thermal springs and spa resorts offer relaxation and therapeutic treatments.

The “39 Facts about Bulgaria” offer just a glimpse into the country’s rich heritage, natural beauty, and vibrant culture.

From ancient history to modern-day delights, Bulgaria is a captivating destination waiting to be explored.

Whether you’re drawn to its historical sites, stunning landscapes, or mouthwatering cuisine, Bulgaria has something for everyone. So why not plan your next adventure and discover the wonders of this enchanting country?

Remember, these 39 facts about Bulgaria are just the tip of the iceberg – there’s so much more to explore and experience in this fascinating country.


In conclusion, Bulgaria is a country that is rich in history, culture, and natural beauty. From its stunning landscapes and beautiful Black Sea coastline to its ancient cities, Bulgaria offers a diverse range of experiences for visitors. Whether you’re interested in exploring historical sites, indulging in traditional Bulgarian cuisine, or simply relaxing on the beach, there is something for everyone in this fascinating country. With its affordable prices, friendly locals, and warm hospitality, Bulgaria is a hidden gem waiting to be discovered. So, if you’re looking for a unique and memorable travel destination, consider adding Bulgaria to your bucket list.


1. What is the capital city of Bulgaria?

The capital city of Bulgaria is Sofia.

2. What is the official language of Bulgaria?

The official language of Bulgaria is Bulgarian.

3. What is the currency of Bulgaria?

The currency of Bulgaria is the Bulgarian Lev (BGN).

4. What is the best time to visit Bulgaria?

The best time to visit Bulgaria is during the summer months, from June to September, when the weather is warm and the days are longer.

5. Are there any UNESCO World Heritage sites in Bulgaria?

Yes, Bulgaria is home to nine UNESCO World Heritage sites, including the ancient city of Nesebar, the Rila Monastery, and the Thracian Tomb of Kazanlak.

6. Is Bulgaria a safe country to visit?

Yes, Bulgaria is generally a safe country to visit. However, as with any travel destination, it is always advisable to take standard safety precautions and be aware of your surroundings.

7. What are some traditional Bulgarian dishes?

Some traditional Bulgarian dishes include banitsa (a pastry filled with cheese or spinach), shopska salad (a refreshing salad with tomatoes, cucumbers, onions, and cheese), and kebapche (grilled minced meat).

8. Can I drink tap water in Bulgaria?

While tap water is generally safe to drink in Bulgaria, it is recommended to stick to bottled or filtered water to avoid any potential stomach issues.

9. Is English widely spoken in Bulgaria?

English is not widely spoken in Bulgaria, especially in rural areas. However, in major cities and tourist destinations, you should be able to communicate in English.

10. Do I need a visa to visit Bulgaria?

It depends on your nationality. Citizens of the European Union, the United States, Canada, Australia, and many other countries can enter Bulgaria visa-free for up to 90 days.