Ameline Testa

Written by Ameline Testa

Modified & Updated: 29 May 2024

Jessica Corbett

Reviewed by Jessica Corbett


Cabo Verde, also known as Cape Verde, is a captivating archipelago located off the coast of West Africa. Consisting of 10 major islands and several smaller ones, this stunning destination offers a unique blend of African, Portuguese, and Creole influences. With its breathtaking landscapes, vibrant culture, and warm hospitality, Cabo Verde has become increasingly popular among travelers looking for an off-the-beaten-path experience.

In this article, we will explore 39 fascinating facts about Cabo Verde, shedding light on its history, geography, culture, and more. From its volcanic origins to its vibrant music and dance scene, Cabo Verde truly has something for everyone. So let’s delve into the rich tapestry that makes up this enchanting archipelago and discover the hidden gems that await visitors lucky enough to explore its shores.

Key Takeaways:

  • Cabo Verde, an island nation off West Africa, offers stunning beaches, vibrant music, and diverse wildlife. From morna music to loggerhead turtles, it’s a paradise for nature and culture lovers.
  • With a rich history, unique cuisine, and year-round tropical climate, Cabo Verde is a blend of relaxation and adventure. Whether you seek beach bliss or outdoor exploration, this hidden gem has it all.
Table of Contents

Cabo Verde, also known as Cape Verde, is made up of 10 main islands and several smaller islets scattered across the Atlantic Ocean.

The islands are of volcanic origin and offer diverse landscapes ranging from lush mountains to golden sandy beaches.

The official language of Cabo Verde is Portuguese, a remnant of its colonial past. However, Cape Verdean Creole is widely spoken by the local population.

Cape Verdean Creole is a fascinating blend of Portuguese, African languages, and influences from other European languages.

The capital city of Cabo Verde is Praia, located on the island of Santiago.

Praia is a vibrant city with a mix of modern architecture and historic buildings, reflecting the country’s cultural and architectural heritage.

The people of Cabo Verde are known as Cabo Verdeans or Cape Verdeans.

Cabo Verdeans are known for their warm hospitality and vibrant music and dance traditions, such as morna and coladeira.

The music genre of morna, often described as the soul of Cabo Verde, gained international recognition through the legendary singer Cesaria Evora.

Cesaria Evora, also known as the “Barefoot Diva,” brought the beautiful melodies of morna to audiences around the world.

Cabo Verde is famous for its pristine beaches and crystal-clear waters.

The islands offer an array of stunning beaches, including Santa Maria Beach on Sal Island and Praia de Chaves on Boa Vista.

With its warm climate, Cabo Verde enjoys a year-round tropical paradise experience.

The islands boast sunshine, gentle breezes, and average temperatures ranging from 24 to 30 degrees Celsius (75 to 86 degrees Fahrenheit).

The endangered loggerhead sea turtles choose Cabo Verde as their nesting site.

These incredible creatures can be observed during the nesting season, as they come ashore to lay their eggs in the soft sands.

Cabo Verde is a haven for water sports enthusiasts.

Surfers, windsurfers, and kitesurfers flock to the islands to take advantage of the excellent wind and wave conditions.

The volcanic origins of Cabo Verde are evident in its striking landscapes.

Pico do Fogo, on the island of Fogo, is an active volcano that offers adventurous treks and breathtaking panoramic views.

Cabo Verde is home to unique and diverse flora and fauna.

The islands are an important habitat for endemic species, such as the Cape Verdean warbler and the giant Cape Verde kite.

The national dish of Cabo Verde is Cachupa, a hearty stew made with corn, beans, vegetables, and various meats or fish.

Cachupa is a culinary delight that showcases the fusion of African and Portuguese influences in Cabo Verdean cuisine.

The volcanic landscapes of Cabo Verde provide fertile soil for coffee cultivation.

Cabo Verdean coffee, known for its unique flavor, is gaining recognition in the international coffee scene.

The UNESCO-listed Cidade Velha, located on Santiago Island, was the first European colonial settlement in the tropics.

Visitors can explore the well-preserved historic center, which offers a glimpse into Cabo Verde’s colonial past.

The Cape Verdean escudo (CVE) is the currency of Cabo Verde.

It is advisable to exchange currency upon arrival, as credit card acceptance might be limited in some areas.

The famous Mindelo Carnival is a vibrant celebration of music, dance, and colorful costumes.

Locals and visitors alike come together to enjoy the festive atmosphere of this annual event.

Cabo Verde has a rich literary heritage, with notable authors such as Germano Almeida and Corsino Fortes.

Their works often explore themes of identity, cultural heritage, and the history of Cabo Verde.

The Igreja Nossa Senhora do Rosário, located in the city of Cidade Velha, is the oldest surviving colonial church in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Its historic significance and beautiful architecture make it a must-visit for history enthusiasts.

Cabo Verde is a paradise for birdwatchers, with over 130 species of birds recorded.

Among the highlights are the endemic Cape Verde warbler, Raso lark, and the globally threatened Cape Verde shearwater.

The clear waters surrounding the islands are perfect for snorkeling and diving.

Explorers can discover vibrant coral reefs, shipwrecks, and an abundance of marine life.

Boa Vista, one of the islands in Cabo Verde, is known for its magnificent sand dunes.

The striking landscape resembles a desert oasis and offers a unique backdrop for leisurely walks or adventurous 4×4 tours.

Cabo Verde was an important stopping point for explorers during the Age of Discovery.

Its strategic location made it a crucial hub for trade routes between Europe, Africa, and the Americas.

The Cape Verdean flag is composed of the colors blue, white, and red, representing the sea, peace, and independence, respectively.

The ten stars on the flag symbolize the ten main islands of Cabo Verde.

The island of Sal is renowned for its salt flats, which have been harvested since the 18th century.

The salt industry played a significant role in the country’s economy during colonial times.

The traditional Cape Verdean dish called Catchupa is often prepared using ingredients from the family’s personal garden.

This highlights the importance of self-sustainability and community in Cape Verdean culture.

The famous singer and songwriter, Cesaria Evora, was affectionately known as the Queen of Morna.

Her soulful voice and emotional performances brought the music of Cabo Verde to audiences worldwide.

Cabo Verde has a rich history of volcanic activity, with eruptions occurring periodically throughout its geological past.

These volcanic eruptions have shaped the unique landscapes found on the islands today.

Cabo Verde is a melting pot of cultures, with influences from Europe, Africa, and the Americas.

This cultural diversity is reflected in the country’s music, food, and traditions.

The island of Boa Vista is a popular nesting site for loggerhead turtles.

During nesting season, visitors can witness the incredible sight of baby turtles making their way to the sea.

Cabo Verdean cuisine is a fusion of African and Portuguese flavors.

From fresh seafood dishes to hearty stews, there is something to tantalize every palate.

The island of Santo Antão is known for its breathtaking landscapes, including the lush Paul Valley.

With its picturesque hiking trails and panoramic views, it is a paradise for nature lovers.

The Baia Das Gatas Music Festival, held annually in São Vicente, attracts music enthusiasts from around the world.

It is a celebration of Cape Verdean music and a showcase of local talent.

Cabo Verde is a popular destination for windsurfing and kitesurfing due to its consistent trade winds.

The island of Sal, in particular, is known for its excellent conditions for these water sports.

Cabo Verde gained independence from Portugal on July 5, 1975.

This day is celebrated as Independence Day, a national holiday in Cabo Verde.

The island of Maio is a hidden gem, offering tranquility and untouched natural beauty.

It is the perfect destination for those seeking an escape from the bustling tourist crowds.

Cabo Verde is a member of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries (CPLP).

This organization promotes cultural, economic, and political cooperation among its member countries.

The islands of Cabo Verde are a paradise for hikers and outdoor enthusiasts.

With diverse landscapes and well-marked trails, there are plenty of opportunities to explore the natural beauty of the islands.

The island of São Vicente is known for its vibrant cultural scene, with art galleries, live music venues, and a bustling market.

It is a hub of creativity and a melting pot of artistic expression.

Cabo Verde offers a unique blend of relaxation and adventure, making it an ideal destination for all types of travelers.

Whether you are seeking a beach getaway, a cultural immersion, or an outdoor adventure, Cabo Verde has it all.

Embark on a journey to Cabo Verde and uncover the hidden wonders of this remarkable island nation. From its vibrant music traditions to its breathtaking landscapes, this destination will surely leave a lasting impression.


Cabo Verde, also known as Cape Verde, is a captivating country that offers a unique blend of natural beauty, rich culture, and fascinating history. From its stunning beaches to its vibrant music scene, there is something for every traveler to enjoy in this island nation.

With its pleasant climate and friendly locals, Cabo Verde is an ideal destination for those seeking a relaxing beach getaway or an adventurous exploration of its volcanic landscapes. The country’s diverse architecture and colonial heritage add to its charm, making it a visually appealing destination for architecture lovers and history enthusiasts alike.

Whether you choose to explore the lively streets of Mindelo, indulge in the local cuisine, or hike to the top of Pico do Fogo, Cabo Verde offers endless opportunities for discovery. So pack your bags and get ready to embark on a memorable journey to this beautiful country.


1. What is the official language of Cabo Verde?
The official language of Cabo Verde is Portuguese. However, Cape Verdean Creole is widely spoken by the majority of the population.

2. Is Cabo Verde a safe country to visit?
Cabo Verde is generally considered a safe country for tourists. However, it is always advisable to take caution and adhere to basic safety measures such as avoiding isolated areas at night and keeping your valuables secure.

3. Do I need a visa to visit Cabo Verde?
Visa requirements vary depending on your nationality. Some countries are exempt from obtaining a visa for short stays, while others require a visa in advance. It is recommended to check with the nearest Cabo Verde embassy or consulate for the most up-to-date information.

4. What is the currency used in Cabo Verde?
The currency used in Cabo Verde is the Cape Verdean Escudo (CVE). It is advisable to exchange your currency to CVE upon arrival, as it may not be widely accepted outside the country.

5. What are some popular tourist attractions in Cabo Verde?
Some popular tourist attractions in Cabo Verde include the stunning beaches of Sal and Boa Vista, the historic city of Cidade Velha, the volcanic landscapes of Fogo Island, and the vibrant music scene of Mindelo.

Cabo Verde's captivating beauty and rich history make it a must-visit destination. For more fascinating insights, explore our article on Africa facts, which delves into the continent's diverse cultures and landscapes. Dive deeper into Cape Verde's intriguing details with our piece featuring 18 interesting facts about this enchanting nation. Lastly, discover the allure of another unique island nation, Nauru, through our article highlighting 30 remarkable facts about this hidden gem.

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