Blancha Khalil

Written by Blancha Khalil

Modified & Updated: 02 Jun 2024

Jessica Corbett

Reviewed by Jessica Corbett


Ukraine, located in Eastern Europe, is a country rich in history, culture, and natural beauty. It is the largest country entirely within Europe and has a population of over 40 million people. From its stunning landscapes to its vibrant cities, Ukraine offers a diverse range of experiences for visitors.

In this article, we will explore 38 fascinating facts about Ukraine, shedding light on its past, present, and future. From its ancient origins to its modern-day struggles and achievements, Ukraine has a story worth discovering. Get ready to delve into its captivating history, traditional cuisine, famous landmarks, and more.

Whether you’re planning a visit to Ukraine or simply curious to learn more about this intriguing country, join us as we uncover the unique aspects that make Ukraine a truly compelling destination.

Key Takeaways:

  • Ukraine is the largest country in Europe, known for its rich cultural heritage, delicious cuisine, and stunning natural landscapes. It gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991 and continues to captivate people worldwide.
  • With a diverse population and strong traditions in arts, music, and sports, Ukraine offers a vibrant and welcoming experience. From its deep metro station to its aerospace industry, Ukraine’s fascinating facts showcase its unique contributions to the world.
Table of Contents

Ukraine is the largest country in Europe.

With an area of approximately 603,628 square kilometers, Ukraine takes the top spot as the largest country entirely within Europe.

The capital of Ukraine is Kyiv.

Kyiv, also known as Kiev, is not only the cultural and economic center of Ukraine but also one of the oldest cities in Eastern Europe.

Ukraine has a population of around 44 million people.

With a diverse population, Ukraine is home to various ethnic groups, including Ukrainians, Russians, Belarusians, and others.

Ukrainian is the official language of Ukraine.

Ukrainian is a Slavic language that is spoken by the majority of the population in Ukraine, emphasizing the country’s cultural identity.

Ukraine has a rich and vibrant cultural heritage.

With its long history and diverse influences, Ukraine boasts a unique blend of traditions, art, music, dance, and literature.

The Chernobyl disaster occurred in Ukraine.

In 1986, the catastrophic nuclear accident took place at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant, leaving a lasting impact on the region and the world.

Ukraine is known for its delicious cuisine.

Ukrainian cuisine offers a wide range of hearty and flavorful dishes, including varenyky (dumplings), borscht (beet soup), and holubtsi (stuffed cabbage rolls).

Ukraine has stunning natural landscapes.

From the picturesque Carpathian Mountains to the scenic beaches of the Black Sea, Ukraine’s diverse geography attracts nature lovers and adventure seekers.

The world’s deepest metro station is located in Kyiv, Ukraine.

Arsenalna Metro Station holds the record for being the deepest underground station in the world, reaching a depth of 105.5 meters.

Ukraine has a strong tradition of folk arts and crafts.

Embroidery, pottery, painting, and woodcarving are just some of the traditional crafts that have been passed down through generations in Ukraine.

Ukraine is home to the famous Pysanka Museum.

The Pysanka Museum in the city of Kolomyia showcases an impressive collection of intricately decorated Ukrainian Easter eggs, known as pysanky.

Ukrainian women are renowned for their beauty.

Ukrainian women are often celebrated for their attractiveness, and Ukraine is known for its high number of beauty pageant winners.

Ukraine has a significant agricultural sector.

The country is known as the “breadbasket of Europe” due to its vast agricultural lands and production of crops such as wheat, corn, and sunflowers.

The Cyrillic alphabet originated in medieval Bulgaria but was later adopted by Ukraine.

Ukrainian language uses the Cyrillic script, which was introduced in the 9th century and is still in use today.

Ukraine gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.

After years under Soviet rule, Ukraine declared its independence on August 24, 1991, becoming a sovereign nation.

Kiev Pechersk Lavra is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

This historic Orthodox Christian monastery complex in Kyiv is known for its stunning architecture and religious significance.

Ukraine has a strong tradition of hospitality.

In Ukrainian culture, guests are warmly welcomed and treated with generous hospitality, often with traditional food and drinks.

Ukraine has a developed space industry.

Ukraine has been actively involved in space exploration, with its own space agency and contributions to international space programs.

Ukraine has a rich literary tradition.

Renowned Ukrainian writers, such as Taras Shevchenko and Ivan Franko, have left a lasting impact on Ukrainian literature and culture.

Ukraine is home to impressive Orthodox churches and cathedrals.

The country’s architecture includes beautiful religious structures, such as Saint Sophia Cathedral in Kyiv and Saint Andrew’s Church in Kyiv.

Ukraine has a strong sports culture.

Football (soccer), boxing, and gymnastics are among the popular sports in Ukraine, and the country has produced notable athletes in these fields.

Ukraine has a diverse music scene.

From traditional folk music to contemporary pop, Ukraine boasts a vibrant music culture with artists gaining recognition both locally and internationally.

The Carpathian Mountains are home to unique flora and fauna.

Ukraine’s Carpathian Mountains are known for their biodiversity, housing rare plant species and providing habitat for various animals.

Ukraine has a complex and challenging political history.

Throughout its history, Ukraine has faced numerous political challenges, including periods of foreign domination and internal conflicts.

Traditional Ukrainian clothing is colorful and ornate.

Traditional Ukrainian attire, such as vyshyvanka (embroidered blouse) and poyas (belt), is characterized by intricate patterns and vibrant colors.

Ukraine is known for its impressive Easter celebrations.

Easter, known as “Paska” in Ukrainian, is celebrated with various customs and traditions, including elaborate church services and egg decorating.

Ukraine has a vibrant film industry.

Ukrainian filmmakers have gained international recognition with their unique storytelling and cinematography, contributing to the global film landscape.

The Ukrainian flag consists of two horizontal bands of blue and yellow.

The blue represents the sky, while the yellow symbolizes fields of wheat, reflecting Ukraine’s agricultural heritage.

Ukrainian embroidery is a significant cultural symbol.

Embroidered details on clothing and accessories hold deep meanings and represent regional traditions and motifs.

The famous Battle of Poltava took place in Ukraine.

In 1709, the Battle of Poltava marked a decisive victory for the Russian Empire over the Swedish Empire, shaping the balance of power in Eastern Europe.

Ukraine has a diverse range of landscapes, including mountains, forests, and plains.

From the lush Carpathians to the vast Ukrainian Steppe, the country offers breathtaking natural beauty.

Ukraine has a strong aerospace industry.

The country is known for its production of aircraft and aerospace technology, including the famous Antonov airplanes.

Kyiv is often referred to as the “Mother of Russian cities.”

Due to its historical significance as one of the oldest East Slavic cities, Kyiv holds a special place in Russian cultural and historical heritage.

Ukrainian Easter eggs are a cherished tradition.

Pysanky, intricately decorated eggs, are made using a wax-resist method and are a symbol of spring, rebirth, and protection from evil.

Ukraine has a strong tradition of folk music and dancing.

Traditional Ukrainian music is characterized by lively melodies, intricate vocal harmonies, and energetic dance routines.

Ukraine has a diverse range of religious affiliations.

While Orthodox Christianity is the dominant religion, Ukraine also has significant populations of Catholics, Protestants, Jews, and Muslims.

Ukraine has a long-standing tradition of beekeeping.

Honey production is an important industry in Ukraine, and the country is known for its high-quality honey and a variety of beekeeping techniques.

Ukraine has a deep love for its national poet, Taras Shevchenko.

Taras Shevchenko is considered a cultural and political symbol of Ukraine, with his poetry inspiring generations and advocating for Ukrainian independence.


In conclusion, Ukraine is a fascinating country that offers a rich history, diverse culture, and breathtaking natural beauty. From its vibrant cities to its picturesque countryside, Ukraine has something to offer every traveler. Whether you are interested in exploring UNESCO World Heritage sites, indulging in delicious Ukrainian cuisine, or immersing yourself in local traditions and customs, Ukraine has it all. Make sure to add Ukraine to your travel bucket list and experience all that this unique country has to offer.


1. Is Ukraine safe to visit?

Ukraine is generally a safe country to visit. However, like any destination, it is important to take precautions and be aware of your surroundings, especially in larger cities. It is recommended to stay updated on the current travel advisories before planning your trip.

2. What is the best time to visit Ukraine?

The best time to visit Ukraine is during the spring (April to June) and autumn (September to October) when the weather is pleasant and the landscapes are at their most beautiful. However, each season offers its own charm, so it ultimately depends on your preferences and the activities you wish to pursue.

3. What are some must-visit places in Ukraine?

Some of the must-visit places in Ukraine include Kyiv, Lviv, Odessa, Chernobyl, the Carpathian Mountains, and the Crimean Peninsula. Each of these destinations offers unique experiences and attractions that showcase Ukraine’s rich history and natural beauty.

4. Do I need a visa to visit Ukraine?

It depends on your nationality. Citizens of many countries can enter Ukraine visa-free for a certain period of time, while others may need to apply for a visa in advance. It is recommended to check with the Ukrainian embassy or consulate in your country for specific visa requirements.

5. What is the currency used in Ukraine?

The official currency of Ukraine is the Ukrainian hryvnia (UAH). It is advisable to exchange some currency upon arrival, as not all places accept credit cards. ATMs are widely available throughout the country.

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