Michell Digiovanni

Written by Michell Digiovanni

Modified & Updated: 23 May 2024

Jessica Corbett

Reviewed by Jessica Corbett

Source: Euronews.com

Congo, also known as Congo-Brazzaville, is a fascinating country located in Central Africa. With a rich history, diverse culture, and vibrant natural beauty, Congo has a lot to offer to both its residents and visitors. From its bustling capital city of Brazzaville to its vast rainforests and stunning wildlife, Congo is a hidden gem waiting to be explored.

In this article, we will delve into 33 intriguing facts about Congo, shedding light on its geography, history, culture, and more. Whether you are planning a trip to Congo or simply curious about this beautiful country, these facts will provide you with a deeper understanding of its unique and captivating characteristics.

So, let’s embark on a journey to discover the wonders of Congo and uncover some lesser-known facts about this incredible African nation.

Key Takeaways:

  • Congo, also known as Congo-Brazzaville, is a Central African country with lush rainforests, diverse wildlife, and rich natural resources like oil and diamonds. It has a vibrant culture, popular music, and soccer as the favorite sport.
  • The country is known for its iconic landmarks like the Presidential Palace, traditional cuisine, and annual Carnival of Congo. It’s also making efforts to improve education, healthcare, and infrastructure for a better future.
Table of Contents

The Republic of Congo

The Republic of Congo, also known as Congo-Brazzaville, is a country located in Central Africa.

Lush Rainforests

Congo is famous for its lush rainforests, which cover more than half of the country’s land area.

Diverse Wildlife

The country is home to a diverse range of wildlife, including gorillas, elephants, chimpanzees, and over 1,000 species of birds.

Natural Resources

Congo is rich in natural resources, including oil, timber, diamonds, and copper.


Brazzaville is the capital and largest city of Congo, situated on the banks of the Congo River.


The official language of Congo is French, while Lingala and Kikongo are also widely spoken.


Congo gained independence from France on August 15, 1960.


The flag of Congo consists of diagonal bands of green, yellow, and red, with a yellow five-pointed star in the upper hoist-side corner.


Congo has a population of approximately 5 million people.

River Congo

The Congo River, the second-longest river in Africa, flows through the country, providing an important transportation route.

Balcony of the President

One of the iconic landmarks in Brazzaville is the Presidential Palace, which is known for its unique design featuring a large balcony.

Bambara Groundnut

The bambara groundnut, a nutritious legume, is a popular crop grown in Congo.

Rich Cultural Heritage

Congo is known for its rich cultural heritage, with various ethnic groups residing in the country, including the Kongo, Lari, and Teke.

National Parks

There are several national parks in Congo, such as Odzala-Kokoua National Park and Nouabale-Ndoki National Park, providing protection to the country’s diverse wildlife.

Traditional Cuisine

Congolese cuisine is diverse and includes dishes like fufu, cassava leaves, and mondongo, reflecting the country’s cultural diversity.

Music and Dance

Congo has a vibrant music and dance scene, with the popular music genre called soukous originating from the country.

Congo Basin

Congo is part of the Congo Basin, which is one of the world’s major biodiversity hotspots.

Mount Nabemba

Mount Nabemba, located in the Mayombe Mountains, is the highest peak in Congo, standing at 1,020 meters.


Soccer is the most popular sport in Congo, and the national team is known as the Diables Rouges (Red Devils).

Iron Mining

Congo has significant iron ore deposits, which are an important resource for the country’s economy.

African Art

Congo is renowned for its vibrant African art, particularly its wooden sculptures and masks.


Pointe-Noire is the second-largest city in Congo and serves as an important port for exporting oil and other goods.

Carnival of Congo

The Carnival of Congo is an annual celebration held in Brazzaville, showcasing traditional dances, music, and costumes.


Denis Sassou Nguesso has been the president of Congo for multiple terms, with his first presidency starting in 1979.

Hydroelectric Power

Congo has rich hydroelectric potential, with the Inga Dam on the Congo River being one of the largest hydroelectric power stations in the world.


The majority of the population in Congo practices Christianity, followed by traditional indigenous beliefs and Islam.

National Museum

The National Museum of Congo, located in Brazzaville, exhibits a wide range of cultural artifacts and historical items.


Education is a priority in Congo, with efforts being made to improve access to quality education for all citizens.

Albert Schweitzer Hospital

The Albert Schweitzer Hospital in Lambaréné, founded by Nobel laureate Albert Schweitzer, provides healthcare services to the local community.

Okoume Trees

Congo has vast forests of okoume trees, which are used in the production of plywood and as a source of timber.

Democratic Republic of Congo

Congo is often confused with the neighboring country, the Democratic Republic of Congo, which is also known as Congo-Kinshasa.

Peoples’ Republic of Congo

From 1970 to 1991, the country was known as the People’s Republic of Congo, adopting a socialist ideology under President Marien Ngouabi.

Hope for the Future

Congo is undergoing development and infrastructure projects, aiming to improve the standard of living for its citizens and promote economic growth.


In conclusion, Congo, also known as Congo-Brazzaville, is a fascinating country with a rich history, diverse culture, and abundant natural resources. From its breathtaking landscapes to its vibrant cities, Congo offers a multitude of experiences for travelers and explorers alike. With its welcoming people, vibrant arts scene, and thriving wildlife, it is a destination that should definitely be on your travel bucket list.Whether you’re interested in exploring the lush rainforests, diving into the bustling markets, or immersing yourself in the local customs and traditions, Congo has it all. With its vibrant music, mouthwatering cuisine, and warm hospitality, this country is a true gem in the heart of Africa.So, pack your bags and get ready to embark on an unforgettable adventure in Congo. Discover its hidden treasures, learn about its fascinating history, and create memories that will last a lifetime. Congo is waiting to welcome you with open arms and show you the beauty and wonders it has to offer.


1. What is the capital city of Congo?

The capital city of Congo is Brazzaville.

2. What is the official language of Congo?

The official language of Congo is French.

3. What is the currency used in Congo?

The currency used in Congo is the Central African CFA franc.

4. Is it safe to travel to Congo?

While Congo is generally considered safe to travel to, it is always recommended to check the latest travel advisories before planning your trip.

5. What are some popular tourist attractions in Congo?

Some popular tourist attractions in Congo include Odzala-Kokoua National Park, Nouabalé-Ndoki National Park, Pointe-Noire Beach, and Basilique Sainte-Anne.

6. What is the climate like in Congo?

Congo has a tropical climate with high temperatures and humidity throughout the year. The rainy season usually occurs from October to May.

7. Do I need a visa to visit Congo?

Visa requirements vary depending on your nationality. It is advisable to check with the nearest Congolese embassy or consulate for the most up-to-date information.

8. What is the cuisine like in Congo?

Congolese cuisine is diverse and flavorful, often featuring dishes made from staple ingredients such as cassava, plantains, rice, and fish. Some popular dishes include fufu, pondu, and saka-saka.

9. Are there any cultural customs or traditions I should be aware of?

Respecting the local customs and traditions is important when visiting Congo. It is advisable to dress modestly, especially in religious sites, and to ask for permission before taking photographs of people.

10. Can I go on a safari in Congo?

Yes, Congo is home to several national parks and wildlife reserves where you can go on safari and spot a wide variety of animals, including gorillas, elephants, and chimpanzees.

Congo's fascinating facts merely scratch the surface of this captivating country. Delve deeper into the mysteries of the Congo Basin's lush tropical rainforests, which hold countless wonders waiting to be discovered. For those intrigued by African politics, exploring the life and legacy of Robert Gabriel Mugabe offers a compelling glimpse into the continent's complex history. And no journey through Congo would be complete without marveling at the mighty Congo River, a natural wonder that has shaped the region's identity for centuries. Embark on a journey of discovery and uncover even more incredible facts about this remarkable part of the world.

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