Kelly Vickery

Written by Kelly Vickery

Modified & Updated: 01 Jun 2024

Jessica Corbett

Reviewed by Jessica Corbett


Luxembourg, a small but prosperous country nestled in the heart of Europe, is often hailed as the “Gibraltar of the North” due to its strategic location and political stability. Despite its diminutive size, Luxembourg has a rich history and a wealth of interesting facts that make it truly fascinating. From its picturesque countryside to its bustling financial sector, there is something for everyone in this enchanting country.

In this article, we will delve into 44 fascinating facts about Luxembourg that will give you a deeper understanding of this unique nation. From its multilingual population to its impressive standard of living, you will discover why Luxembourg stands out as a shining gem on the European map.

Key Takeaways:

  • Luxembourg, a small but vibrant country in Europe, is known for its rich history, picturesque countryside, and strong commitment to sustainability. It’s a hub for international business and a paradise for outdoor enthusiasts.
  • With its fairytale-like castles, diverse culture, and thriving arts scene, Luxembourg offers a unique blend of old-world charm and modernity. It’s a safe, multicultural haven with a strong emphasis on renewable energy.
Table of Contents

Luxembourg is a small landlocked country in Western Europe.

Located between Belgium, France, and Germany, it is known for its rich history and vibrant culture.

The official name of Luxembourg is the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.

It is the last remaining grand duchy in the world, with a constitutional monarchy.

Luxembourg City is the capital and largest city of the country.

It is a UNESCO World Heritage site and is known for its stunning medieval architecture.

Luxembourg is one of the smallest countries in Europe.

With an area of just 2,586 square kilometers, it is about the size of Rhode Island in the United States.

The country has three official languages: Luxembourgish, French, and German.

Luxembourgish is the national language and is spoken by the majority of the population.

Luxembourg has a population of approximately 630,000 people.

Despite its small size, it is one of the most densely populated countries in the world.

Luxembourg has a high standard of living.

It consistently ranks among the top countries in the world in terms of GDP per capita.

The country is a founding member of the European Union, NATO, and the United Nations.

Luxembourg plays an active role in international diplomacy and is known for its commitment to peace and cooperation.

Luxembourg is known for its strong financial sector.

The country is home to many international banks and financial institutions.

Luxembourg is a tax haven.

Many multinational corporations have their European headquarters in the country due to favorable tax laws.

Luxembourg has a picturesque countryside.

The country is known for its rolling hills, lush forests, and charming villages.

Luxembourg has a vibrant arts and cultural scene.

The country hosts numerous festivals, exhibitions, and events throughout the year.

Luxembourg is a paradise for outdoor enthusiasts.

With its beautiful hiking and cycling trails, scenic rivers, and stunning landscapes, it offers plenty of opportunities for outdoor activities.

Luxembourg is home to several UNESCO World Heritage sites.

These include the historic city center of Luxembourg City, the Mullerthal Region – Luxembourg’s Little Switzerland, and the mining sites of the Red Rocks.

Luxembourg has a rich culinary tradition.

Traditional dishes include judd mat gaardebounen (smoked pork collar with broad beans) and kachkéis (cheese spread).

Luxembourg is known for its excellent wines.

The Moselle Valley, located in the eastern part of the country, produces some of the finest wines in Europe.

Luxembourg is a multilingual country.

Many Luxembourgers are fluent in multiple languages, making it a welcoming place for international visitors.

Luxembourg has a rich history.

It was once a strategic fortification and has been ruled by various European powers throughout its past.

The official currency of Luxembourg is the Euro.

The country adopted the Euro in 1999 as part of the European Union’s monetary integration.

Luxembourg is home to several international organizations.

These include the European Court of Justice, the European Investment Bank, and Eurostat.

Luxembourg is a popular destination for expatriates.

Many international workers are drawn to the country’s strong economy and high quality of life.

Luxembourg has a well-developed public transportation system.

Trains, buses, and trams connect different parts of the country and provide easy access to neighboring countries.

Luxembourg has a temperate climate.

The summers are mild, and the winters are relatively cold with occasional snowfall.

Luxembourg celebrates National Day on June 23rd.

This day commemorates the birthday of Grand Duke Henri, the current reigning monarch.

Luxembourg has a strong commitment to sustainability.

The country is actively involved in environmental initiatives and is known for its efforts in promoting renewable energy.

Luxembourg is famous for its fairytale-like castles.

Some of the most well-known castles include Vianden Castle, Bourscheid Castle, and Beaufort Castle.

Luxembourg has a diverse and multicultural society.

People from different nationalities and backgrounds live and work together harmoniously.

Luxembourg has a low crime rate.

The country is known for its safety and security.

Luxembourg is a hub for international business and finance.

Many global companies have their European headquarters in the country.

The country has a strong education system.

It is home to prestigious universities and research institutions.

Luxembourg has a well-preserved historical heritage.

Many medieval castles, fortifications, and ancient ruins can be found throughout the country.

Luxembourg has a progressive healthcare system.

Citizens have access to high-quality healthcare services.

Luxembourg has a thriving tech industry.

The country is known for its innovation and startup culture.

Luxembourg is a land of festivals.

The country hosts various cultural, music, and film festivals throughout the year.

Luxembourg is a haven for nature lovers.

The Mullerthal Trail, also known as the “Little Switzerland of Luxembourg,” offers breathtaking natural landscapes.

Luxembourg is a paradise for cyclists.

The country has a well-maintained network of cycling paths, making it easy to explore on two wheels.

Luxembourg has a diverse range of industries.

From finance and technology to manufacturing and logistics, the country boasts a thriving economy.

Luxembourg has a rich literary tradition.

Authors like Michel Rodange and Batty Weber have contributed significantly to Luxembourgish literature.

Luxembourg has a strong commitment to environmental sustainability.

The country actively promotes green initiatives and has designated several nature reserves.

Luxembourg has a unique blend of architectural styles.

From medieval fortresses to contemporary structures, the country’s architecture reflects its rich history and modernity.

Luxembourg is home to a thriving art scene.

Galleries and museums showcase local and international artists, making it a cultural hotspot.

Luxembourg has a strategic location in Europe.

Its central position makes it a convenient hub for travel and business.

Luxembourg has a strong emphasis on renewable energy.

The country aims to become carbon-neutral by investing in wind, solar, and hydropower.

Luxembourg celebrates its rich heritage through various cultural events.

The Schueberfouer, Octave Procession, and Emaischen are just a few examples of the country’s vibrant traditions.


In conclusion, Luxembourg is a small but mighty country that is known for its rich history, stunning landscapes, and thriving economy. With its unique blend of languages, cultures, and traditions, it offers a truly diverse experience for visitors. From its fairy-tale-like castles to its charming old towns, there is something for everyone to explore and enjoy in Luxembourg. Whether you’re interested in history, nature, or simply indulging in delicious cuisine, Luxembourg has it all. So why not plan your next trip to this enchanting country and discover the wonders of Luxembourg for yourself?


1. What is the official language of Luxembourg?

The official language of Luxembourg is Luxembourgish. However, French and German are also widely spoken.

2. What is the currency of Luxembourg?

The currency of Luxembourg is the Euro (€).

3. What are some popular tourist attractions in Luxembourg?

Some popular tourist attractions in Luxembourg include the Luxembourg City Fortress, the Müllerthal Region – Luxembourg’s Little Switzerland, and the Bock Casemates.

4. Is Luxembourg a safe country to visit?

Yes, Luxembourg is considered to be one of the safest countries in the world. Crime rates are low, making it a safe and welcoming destination for travelers.

5. What is the best time to visit Luxembourg?

The best time to visit Luxembourg is during the spring and summer months, from April to September, when the weather is mild and ideal for outdoor activities.

6. Do I need a visa to visit Luxembourg?

If you are a citizen of the European Union or Switzerland, you do not need a visa to visit Luxembourg. However, if you are from a non-EU country, you may need to check visa requirements prior to your visit.

7. What is the local cuisine like in Luxembourg?

The local cuisine in Luxembourg is a blend of French, German, and Belgian influences. Popular dishes include Judd mat Gaardebounen (smoked pork collar with broad beans) and Kniddelen (Luxembourgish dumplings).

Luxembourg's enchanting blend of history, culture, and natural beauty makes it a truly captivating destination. From the stunning architecture of Philharmonie Luxembourg to the thrilling world of Ca Spora Luxembourg's football club, there's no shortage of fascinating stories waiting to be explored. So why not delve deeper into this charming country's hidden gems and uncover even more mindblowing facts about its iconic landmarks and beloved institutions?

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