Jena Clare

Jena Clare

Modified & Updated: 09 Sep 2023


Equatorial Guinea, located in Central Africa, is a fascinating country with a rich history and diverse culture. Despite being one of the smallest countries in continental Africa, Equatorial Guinea is known for its abundant natural resources and unique geographical features. From its stunning coastline along the Gulf of Guinea to its lush rainforests and volcanic landscapes, Equatorial Guinea offers a plethora of attractions for visitors to explore.

In this article, we will delve into 41 interesting facts about Equatorial Guinea, shedding light on its history, geography, people, and more. Whether you are planning a trip to this vibrant nation or simply curious to learn more, get ready to discover the hidden gems and lesser-known aspects of Equatorial Guinea.

Table of Contents

Equatorial Guinea has two official languages.

Spanish and French are both recognized as official languages in Equatorial Guinea, reflecting the country’s colonial past.

It is the only Spanish-speaking country in Africa.

Equatorial Guinea is the lone Spanish-speaking nation on the African continent. This distinction sets it apart from its neighboring countries.

Equatorial Guinea has a relatively small population.

With a population of around 1.4 million, Equatorial Guinea is one of Africa’s least densely populated countries.

The country is known for its oil reserves.

Equatorial Guinea is a major player in the oil industry, with significant oil reserves being the backbone of its economy.

Equatorial Guinea is one of the richest countries in Africa.

Despite its small population, Equatorial Guinea boasts one of the highest GDPs per capita in Africa, largely due to its oil wealth.

There are diverse ethnic groups in Equatorial Guinea.

Equatorial Guinea is home to several ethnic groups, including the Fang, the Bubi, and the Ndowe, each with its own distinct culture and traditions.

Its capital city is Malabo.

Malabo is both the political and economic center of Equatorial Guinea. It is located on the island of Bioko, just off the coast of Cameroon.

Equatorial Guinea is made up of several islands.

Along with the island of Bioko, which is home to the capital city, Equatorial Guinea also includes the mainland region of Rio Muni and several smaller islands.

It has a tropical climate.

Equatorial Guinea experiences a tropical climate with high temperatures and heavy rainfall throughout the year.

The country is known for its biodiversity.

Equatorial Guinea is rich in diverse ecosystems, including rainforests, savannas, and coastal mangroves, which support a wide variety of plant and animal species.

Equatorial Guinea has a significant cultural heritage.

The country boasts a vibrant cultural scene, with music, dance, and traditional ceremonies playing an important role in the lives of its people.

Traditional religion is practiced alongside Christianity.

While Christianity is the dominant religion in Equatorial Guinea, traditional indigenous beliefs and practices are still widely observed.

Equatorial Guinea gained independence from Spain.

After years of Spanish colonization, Equatorial Guinea gained its independence on October 12, 1968.

Equatorial Guinea celebrates its Independence Day.

Every year on October 12th, Equatorial Guinea commemorates its independence with various festivities and events.

The country has a diverse cuisine.

Equatorial Guinean cuisine draws influences from both African and European traditions, resulting in unique flavors and dishes.

Equatorial Guinea is home to Mount Cameroon.

Mount Cameroon, one of Africa’s highest peaks, is located near the border between Equatorial Guinea and Cameroon.

The country has a national park.

Monte Alen National Park, located in the heart of Equatorial Guinea, is a protected area known for its biodiversity and pristine rainforest.

Equatorial Guinea has a low literacy rate.

Despite its wealth, Equatorial Guinea struggles with education access, resulting in a relatively low literacy rate.

The country has a national football team.

Equatorial Guinea’s national football team, known as Nzalang Nacional, has participated in several Africa Cup of Nations tournaments.

Equatorial Guinea has a unique blend of traditional and modern architecture.

The country’s architectural landscape combines traditional mud-brick buildings with modern structures influenced by European and Arab styles.

Equatorial Guinea has a vibrant music scene.

Music plays a central role in Equatorial Guinea’s cultural expression, with genres such as makossa and soukous being popular.

Equatorial Guinea has a growing tourism industry.

Despite being relatively unknown as a tourist destination, Equatorial Guinea offers visitors a chance to explore its natural beauty and cultural heritage.

The country has a national dance.

The Fang people of Equatorial Guinea are known for their traditional Ekang dance, which is often performed during festive occasions.

Equatorial Guinea has its own currency.

The Central African CFA franc is the official currency of Equatorial Guinea, along with several other countries in the region.

The country has a high rate of deforestation.

Equatorial Guinea faces the challenge of deforestation due to agricultural expansion and logging activities.

Equatorial Guinea has a growing film industry.

The country has seen a rise in the production of local films, showcasing its unique stories and cultural narratives.

Equatorial Guinea has a national dish.

One of the traditional dishes of Equatorial Guinea is “sangambe,” a flavorful stew made with fish, vegetables, and spices.

The country has a diverse wildlife population.

Equatorial Guinea is home to many wildlife species, including elephants, gorillas, chimpanzees, and various bird species.

Equatorial Guinea has a unique carnival celebration.

The Annobon Island Carnival is a colorful and lively event that showcases the local culture and traditions of Equatorial Guinea.

The country has a traditional fabric called “mboa.”

“Mboa” is a traditional fabric commonly worn in Equatorial Guinea, known for its vibrant colors and intricate patterns.

Equatorial Guinea is a member of the African Union.

The country is an active participant in the African Union, contributing to regional cooperation and development.

Equatorial Guinea has an annual book fair.

The International Book Fair of Malabo is an important cultural event that promotes literacy and literary exchange in Equatorial Guinea.

The country has a national flower.

The blossoming silk cotton tree, known as the “Ceiba pentandra,” is Equatorial Guinea’s national flower.

Equatorial Guinea has a diverse marine ecosystem.

The waters surrounding Equatorial Guinea are home to coral reefs, marine turtles, dolphins, and a variety of fish species.

The country has a bustling market scene.

Equatorial Guinea’s markets are vibrant hubs of activity, offering a wide range of goods and local products.

Equatorial Guinea has a strong oral storytelling tradition.

Storytelling plays a significant role in Equatorial Guinean culture, passing down ancestral knowledge and moral lessons through generations.

The country has a national flag.

Equatorial Guinea’s national flag consists of three horizontal stripes: green, white, and red, symbolizing its natural resources, peace, and patriotism.

Equatorial Guinea has a national symbol.

The national symbol of Equatorial Guinea is an emblem featuring a shield and a silk cotton tree, representing the country’s natural heritage and strength.

The country has a national anthem.

“Caminemos pisando las sendas de nuestra inmensa felicidad” is the national anthem of Equatorial Guinea, which translates to “Let us tread the paths of our immense happiness.”

Equatorial Guinea has a traditional sport called “mbolo.”

“Mbolo” is a traditional wrestling sport popular among the Fang people in Equatorial Guinea, showcasing strength and agility.

Equatorial Guinea is striving for sustainable development.

The government of Equatorial Guinea is actively working towards sustainable development, focusing on areas such as education, healthcare, and environmental conservation.

These 41 facts about Equatorial Guinea provide a glimpse into the country’s rich history, culture, and natural wonders. Whether you’re interested in exploring its diverse landscapes or immersing yourself in its vibrant traditions, Equatorial Guinea has something unique to offer.


In conclusion, Equatorial Guinea is a fascinating country with a rich cultural heritage, diverse natural landscapes, and a rapidly growing economy. Despite its small size, it offers a myriad of attractions and activities for travelers looking to explore its unique blend of African and Spanish influences.

From pristine beaches and lush rainforests to vibrant cities and historical sites, Equatorial Guinea has something for everyone. Whether you’re interested in wildlife spotting, immersing yourself in local traditions, or simply relaxing in a serene setting, this small African nation has it all.

With its commitment to conservation and sustainable development, Equatorial Guinea is also emerging as a leader in eco-tourism and responsible travel. By visiting this hidden gem of a country, you can not only enjoy a memorable vacation but also contribute to its preservation and growth.


1. What is the official language of Equatorial Guinea?

The official languages of Equatorial Guinea are Spanish, French, and Portuguese.

2. What is the population of Equatorial Guinea?

The estimated population of Equatorial Guinea is around 1.4 million people.

3. What are the major industries in Equatorial Guinea?

The major industries in Equatorial Guinea include oil and gas production, agriculture, and fishing.

4. Are there any famous landmarks in Equatorial Guinea?

Yes, some famous landmarks in Equatorial Guinea include Malabo Cathedral, Pico Basilé, and Mbini Suspension Bridge.

5. What is the climate like in Equatorial Guinea?

Equatorial Guinea has a tropical climate with high temperatures and precipitation throughout the year.

6. Is Equatorial Guinea a safe destination for travelers?

Equatorial Guinea is generally considered safe for travelers, but it is always recommended to take necessary precautions and follow local guidelines.

7. What are the popular activities for tourists in Equatorial Guinea?

Popular activities for tourists in Equatorial Guinea include wildlife safaris, beach relaxation, exploring local markets, and visiting cultural festivals.