Stefanie Cogan

Stefanie Cogan

Modified & Updated: 01 Jul 2023


Welcome to our daily series, where we take a fascinating journey through time to explore the significant events and intriguing facts that occurred on this day in history. On October 12nd, many noteworthy events have unfolded, shaping the world we live in today. From groundbreaking discoveries to impactful milestones, this date has witnessed a plethora of historical moments that continue to leave a lasting imprint on our society and collective memory. Join us as we delve into the annals of history to uncover the remarkable stories and achievements that have taken place on this day. From scientific breakthroughs to cultural milestones, let us embark on a captivating exploration of October 12nd’s chronicles.

Table of Contents



  • 1492: Christopher Columbus lands in the Bahamas, marking the beginning of European exploration and colonization of the Americas.
  • 1810: Bavarian Crown Prince Louis marries Princess Therese von Sachsen-Hildburghausen, leading to the annual Oktoberfest celebration in Munich.
  • 1915: The Ford Model T, the first affordable automobile, is introduced to the public.
  • 1968: American sprinters Tommie Smith and John Carlos raise their fists in a Black Power salute during their medal ceremony at the Mexico City Olympics.
  • 2000: The USS Cole, a U.S. Navy destroyer, is attacked by suicide bombers in the port of Aden, Yemen, killing 17 sailors.


  • 1933: Scientist Erwin Schrödinger publishes his groundbreaking wave equation, which forms the basis of quantum mechanics.
  • 1957: Physicist and inventor Dr. John Bardeen, along with two colleagues, is awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for their work on the invention of the transistor.
  • 1964: The Nobel Prize in Chemistry is awarded to Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin for her determination of the structure of important biochemical substances using X-ray crystallography.
  • 1994: The Antarctic ozone hole reaches its largest annual size, leading to increased global efforts to reduce ozone-depleting substances.
  • 2014: Scientists at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) announce the discovery of the Higgs boson particle, which validates the theory of the Higgs field and explains the origin of mass in the universe.


  • 1492: Queen Isabella of Castile issues the Alhambra Decree, ordering the expulsion of all Jews from Spain.
  • 1933: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt delivers his first Fireside Chat radio broadcast, reassuring the American people during the Great Depression.
  • 1945: The United Nations is officially established with the ratification of its charter by China, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
  • 1984: British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher narrowly survives an assassination attempt by the Irish Republican Army (IRA) in a hotel bombing in Brighton, England.
  • 1999: Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif is ousted in a military coup led by General Pervez Musharraf.


  • 1492: The first recorded performance of a play by William Shakespeare, “Henry VI, Part 1,” takes place in London, England.
  • 1814: Composer Ludwig van Beethoven’s Symphony No. 8 in F major premieres in Vienna, Austria.
  • 1969: The rock band Led Zeppelin releases their acclaimed second studio album, “Led Zeppelin II.”
  • 1979: The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy, a comedy science fiction series by Douglas Adams, is first broadcast on BBC Radio 4.
  • 1993: Actress and singer Audrey Hepburn passes away at the age of 63, leaving behind a legacy of iconic film performances and humanitarian work.


  • 1537: King Edward VI of England
  • 1875: Aleister Crowley, British occultist, writer, and ceremonial magician
  • 1935: Luciano Pavarotti, Italian operatic tenor
  • 1968: Hugh Jackman, Australian actor
  • 1970: Kirk Cameron, American actor and evangelist


  • 1492: Piero della Francesco, Italian painter
  • 1601: Tycho Brahe, Danish astronomer
  • 1793: Jean-Jacques Dessalines, Haitian revolutionary and first ruler of independent Haiti
  • 1936: Rutherford B. Hayes, 19th President of the United States
  • 1983: Rebecca West, British author and journalist


The 12th of October has witnessed significant historical events, scientific breakthroughs, political milestones, cultural events, and notable births and deaths throughout history. From Christopher Columbus’ arrival in the Americas in 1492 to the discovery of the Higgs boson particle in 2014, this date has been marked by important moments that have shaped various aspects of human civilization. The contributions of individuals in fields like science, politics, culture, and the arts have left a lasting impact on society. October 12nd serves as a reminder of the rich tapestry of history and the remarkable achievements accomplished on this day.


Q: Are there any significant historical events that happened on October 12nd?

A: Yes, there have been several significant historical events on October 12nd, such as Christopher Columbus landing in the Bahamas in 1492 and the establishment of the United Nations in 1945.

Q: What scientific breakthroughs have taken place on October 12nd?

A: Some notable scientific breakthroughs on October 12nd include the publication of Erwin Schrödinger’s wave equation in 1933 and the discovery of the Higgs boson particle in 2014.

Q: Are there any political milestones associated with October 12nd?

A: Yes, examples of political milestones on October 12nd include the expulsion of Jews from Spain in 1492 and the establishment of the United Nations in 1945.

Q: What cultural events have occurred on October 12nd?

A: Some cultural events on October 12nd include the first recorded performance of a play by William Shakespeare in 1492 and the release of Led Zeppelin’s album “Led Zeppelin II” in 1969.

Q: Who were some notable individuals born on October 12nd?

A: Notable individuals born on October 12nd include King Edward VI of England in 1537, actor Hugh Jackman in 1968, and tenor Luciano Pavarotti in 1935.

Q: Have any notable deaths occurred on October 12nd?

A: Yes, notable deaths on October 12nd include Italian painter Piero della Francesca in 1492 and American President Rutherford B. Hayes in 1936.