What Happened On July 4th?
July 4th is not just a day for fireworks and BBQs. It has been the stage for several transformative moments in history that have shaped our world. In this article, we compiled the most notable occurrences that happened on this date. From the first test flight of U.S. military planes to the publication of a groundbreaking physics paper, we cover important events that have marked this day. Join us to celebrate how July 4th has shaped our world and discover how far we have come.
1054: The Crab Nebula, a remnant of a supernova explosion, was first observed by Chinese astronomers. This event, known as the Supernova of 1054, was also documented by Native American and Middle Eastern astronomers. To date, it remains as one of the most famous supernovae in history.
1908: The United States military conducted its first test flight of an airplane, signaling the beginning of a new era in aviation technology. The Wright brothers designed and built the airplane called the Wright Flyer. The test flight took place at Fort Myer, Virginia, and was performed by Orville Wright, one of the Wright brothers who were pioneers in aviation technology. It was also the first aircraft the U.S. government purchased for military purposes. The Wright Flyer flew successfully for over an hour and covered a distance of more than 40 miles.
1997: NASA’s Pathfinder spacecraft successfully landed on Mars, deploying the Sojourner rover to explore the Martian surface. This marked a significant milestone in the exploration of Mars. Then on, it provided valuable scientific data about the planet’s geology, atmosphere, and potential for future human habitation.
2012: A team of physicists at the Large Hadron Collider in Geneva announced the discovery of the Higgs boson particle, a subatomic particle responsible for giving other particles mass. The discovery was a major breakthrough in particle physics and marked the culmination of decades of research. The publication of the groundbreaking paper on the Higgs boson was a significant milestone in the history of physics. It demonstrated the importance of scientific research and discovery in advancing our understanding of the world around us.
1776: The Continental Congress adopted the Declaration of Independence, marking the birth of the United States of America as an independent nation. The document, primarily authored by Thomas Jefferson, outlined the principles of democracy and the reasons for severing ties with Great Britain.
1802: The United States Military Academy at West Point officially opened. This esteemed institution has since produced many notable military leaders and continues to train the next generation of Army officers.
1826: Thomas Jefferson and John Adams, two of the United States’ founding fathers and former presidents, both passed away on the 50th anniversary of the adoption of the Declaration of Independence.
1877: The first Wimbledon Lawn Tennis Championship took place in London, England. The event marked the beginning of what would become the world’s oldest and most prestigious tennis tournament.
- Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804–1864) – An American novelist and short story writer. Hawthorne is best known for his novels “The Scarlet Letter” and “The House of the Seven Gables,” which explore themes of morality, sin, and the human experience.
- Calvin Coolidge (1872–1933) – The 30th President of the United States, serving from 1923 to 1929. Coolidge is known for his conservative policies, his advocacy for small government, and low taxes. His famous phrase was “The business of America is business”. Nonetheless, he had a quiet and reserved personality, earning him the nickname “Silent Cal”.
- Rube Goldberg (1883–1970) – An American cartoonist, sculptor, author, engineer, and inventor, best known for his “Rube Goldberg machines” that perform simple tasks in complicated, indirect ways. His cartoons, which often depicted these machines, were featured in newspapers across the United States. Eventually, “Rube Goldberg” became a synonym for any overly complicated system or process.
- Ann Landers (1918–2002) and Abigail Van Buren (1918–2013) – American advice columnists and identical twin sisters. Their popular advice columns, “Ask Ann Landers” and “Dear Abby,” respectively, provided guidance and wisdom to millions of readers for decades.
- Neil Simon (1927–2018) – An American playwright, screenwriter, and author, known for his works such as “The Odd Couple” and “Barefoot in the Park”. Simon’s writing style is characterized by his use of humor to explore serious themes such as family, relationships, and identity. He won numerous awards for his work, including four Tony Awards, a Pulitzer Prize, and a Mark Twain Prize for American Humor.
- George Steinbrenner (1930–2010) – An American businessman and the principal owner of the New York Yankees. He purchased the team in 1973 and oversaw its transformation into one of the most successful sports franchises in history. Specifically, his team won 11 American League pennants and 7 World Series championships during his tenure.
July 4th is a day that witnessed scientific breakthroughs, political milestones, cultural moments, and notable births that have profoundly impacted the world. This day has left an indelible mark on our present and future, making it an occasion to honor the achievements and sacrifices of those who have come before us. The progress and innovations that have emerged from these historical events are worth celebrating. Finally, let’s take a moment to reflect on our shared history, acknowledge the people, and commemorate the events that have shaped our world. Happy July 4th!