Rayna Dull

Written by Rayna Dull

Modified & Updated: 01 Jun 2024

Sherman Smith

Reviewed by Sherman Smith

Source: Expedia.co.id

Nigeria is a vibrant and diverse country located in West Africa. With a rich cultural heritage, stunning natural landscapes, and a growing economy, Nigeria has emerged as one of the most influential countries on the African continent. With a population of over 200 million people, Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa and the seventh most populous in the world. It is home to numerous ethnic groups, each with its own distinct traditions, languages, and customs.

In this article, we delve into 44 fascinating facts about Nigeria, shedding light on its history, people, economy, attractions, and more. From its colonial past to its vibrant music and film industries, Nigeria has a myriad of stories to tell. Whether you’re a history enthusiast, a travel junkie, or simply curious about the world, these facts will provide you with a deeper understanding of this remarkable country.

Key Takeaways:

  • Nigeria, the “Giant of Africa,” boasts a diverse culture, vibrant music scene, and stunning landscapes. With over 250 ethnic groups and a rich history, Nigeria captivates with its uniqueness and richness.
  • From Nollywood’s global influence to its delicious cuisine and colorful traditional attire, Nigeria’s vibrant energy and youthful population make it a truly captivating and dynamic country.
Table of Contents

Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa.

With over 200 million people, Nigeria has the largest population on the continent, accounting for about one-sixth of Africa’s total population.

Lagos is the largest city in Nigeria.

Lagos, Nigeria’s economic hub, is not only the largest city in the country but also one of the fastest-growing cities in the world.

Nigeria has over 250 ethnic groups.

The country’s diversity is reflected in its numerous ethnic groups, each with its own distinct culture, traditions, and languages.

English is the official language of Nigeria.

Although Nigeria has a wide variety of languages spoken across its regions, English serves as the official language, promoting unity and communication.

Nigeria gained independence from British colonial rule in 1960.

After years of struggle, Nigeria gained independence on October 1, 1960, becoming a sovereign nation.

The Nigerian film industry, known as Nollywood, is the second-largest in the world.

Nigeria’s vibrant film industry produces thousands of movies each year, ranking just behind India’s Bollywood in terms of annual film production.

Nigeria is a major oil producer.

As one of the largest oil producers in Africa, Nigeria’s economy heavily relies on oil exports.

The Niger River, after which the country is named, is one of the longest rivers in Africa.

The Niger River, spanning approximately 4,180 kilometers, flows through Nigeria, providing water and resources to many communities.

Nigeria has a diverse wildlife population.

The country is home to several national parks and wildlife reserves, including Yankari National Park, where visitors can spot elephants, lions, and various species of birds.

Nigeria has produced several world-renowned musicians.

From Fela Kuti, known as the father of Afrobeat, to the globally acclaimed artist Burna Boy, Nigeria has given rise to many influential musicians.

Jollof rice is a popular traditional Nigerian dish.

Jollof rice, made with rice, tomatoes, spices, and often meat or fish, is a staple dish in Nigeria and is beloved by locals and visitors alike.

Nigeria has hosted the FIFA U-17 World Cup several times.

The country’s passion for football is evident, as Nigeria has hosted the FIFA U-17 World Cup a record five times, showcasing its love for the sport.

Nigeria is known for its vibrant traditional attire.

From the colorful Ankara fabric to the elegant Agbada, Nigerian traditional attire reflects the country’s rich culture and heritage.

Nigeria is home to the Nok civilization.

The Nok civilization, dating back over 2,000 years, is known for its intricate bronze and terracotta sculptures, providing insights into Nigeria’s ancient history.

The country has a significant film industry presence in Hollywood.

Nigerian actors, such as Chiwetel Ejiofor and David Oyelowo, have gained international recognition for their performances in Hollywood films.

Nigeria has the highest GDP in Africa.

Despite its economic challenges, Nigeria’s GDP is the largest on the continent, fueled by its diverse industries and resources.

The Nigerian Flag is green, white, green.

The green represents Nigeria’s agricultural wealth, while the white represents peace.

Chinua Achebe’s “Things Fall Apart” is one of Nigeria’s most famous literary works.

Published in 1958, “Things Fall Apart” explores pre-colonial life and the impact of European colonization on Nigerian society.

Nigeria has a rich cultural heritage of masquerade festivals.

Across the country, various communities celebrate colorful masquerade festivals, showcasing traditional music, dance, and elaborate costumes.

Nollywood produces films in different Nigerian languages.

In addition to English-language films, Nollywood also produces movies in local languages such as Yoruba, Igbo, and Hausa, catering to diverse audiences.

Nigeria has a growing tech industry.

The country’s tech industry, known as “Silicon Lagoon,” is gaining recognition as a hub for innovation and entrepreneurship in Africa.

Nigeria has a high concentration of wildlife in its national parks.

From elephants and giraffes to leopards and hippos, Nigeria’s national parks are home to a diverse array of wildlife species.

Nollywood movies are popular across Africa.

Nigerian films have gained popularity beyond Nigeria’s borders, with Nollywood movies being widely watched and appreciated across the African continent.

Nigeria has produced Nobel laureates.

Wole Soyinka, a renowned playwright and poet, became the first African Nobel laureate in Literature in 1986, bringing global recognition to Nigeria’s literary scene.

Nigeria has a rich musical heritage.

From traditional folk music to contemporary genres like Afrobeat and Highlife, Nigeria’s music scene is diverse and influential.

Nigeria celebrates its independence day on October 1st.

October 1st is a significant day for Nigerians as it marks the country’s independence from British colonial rule.

Nigeria has the second-largest film industry worldwide in terms of output.

Nollywood churns out a vast number of films each year, showcasing the creativity and talent of Nigerian filmmakers.

Nigeria has a rich culinary tradition.

From delicious soups like Egusi and Efo Riro to snacks like Suya and Puff Puff, Nigeria’s cuisine is a delightful combination of flavors and spices.

Nigeria is the leading producer of yams globally.

Yams are an essential part of Nigerian cuisine, and the country produces the highest quantity of yams worldwide.

Nigeria has diverse landscapes.

From the sandy beaches of Lagos to the lush rainforests in Cross River State, Nigeria’s landscapes offer breathtaking natural beauty.

The Nigerian movie industry started in the 1960s.

Nigeria’s film industry traces its roots back to the 1960s when the first Nigerian films were produced and showcased.

Nigeria has over 500 languages.

The linguistic diversity in Nigeria is remarkable, with over 500 languages spoken across the country.

Nigeria is known for its vibrant music scene.

From Afrobeat to Afrobeats, Nigeria’s music scene has influenced artists and genres worldwide, making Nigerian musicians global sensations.

Nigeria is a multicultural society.

The country’s multicultural nature is reflected in its people, traditions, festivals, and languages.

Nigeria has a strong emphasis on education.

Education is highly valued in Nigeria, and the country has numerous reputable universities and educational institutions.

Nigeria has a diverse religious landscape.

Islam, Christianity, and traditional African religions coexist in Nigeria, contributing to the country’s religious diversity.

Nigeria has produced renowned authors.

In addition to Chinua Achebe, Nigerian authors such as Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie and Ben Okri have gained international acclaim for their literary works.

Traditional Nigerian weddings are colorful and festive.

Nigerian weddings are grand celebrations, filled with vibrant traditional attire, music, dancing, and delicious food.

Nigeria is known for its vibrant street markets.

From the bustling Balogun Market in Lagos to the Kano City Market, Nigeria’s street markets offer a wide array of goods and a bustling atmosphere.

Nigeria is home to the Zuma Rock.

The iconic Zuma Rock, located in Niger State, is often referred to as Nigeria’s “Gateway to Abuja” and is a significant landmark in the country.

Nigeria has a diverse range of cultural festivals.

From the Eyo Festival in Lagos to the Durbar Festival in Northern Nigeria, the country celebrates a multitude of cultural festivals throughout the year.

Nigeria has a rich history of traditional art.

From intricate wood carvings to vibrant beadwork, Nigerian traditional art showcases the country’s rich cultural heritage.

Nigeria has a youthful population.

The majority of Nigeria’s population is under the age of 30, contributing to the country’s vibrant energy and entrepreneurial spirit.

Nigeria is home to the Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport.

The Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport, located in Abuja, is one of Nigeria’s busiest airports, serving as a major gateway into the country.

These 44 facts about Nigeria only scratch the surface of all that this remarkable country has to offer. From its diverse culture and vibrant music scene to its stunning landscapes and delicious cuisine, Nigeria captivates with its richness and uniqueness. Explore the beauty and embrace the spirit of Nigeria!


In conclusion, Nigeria is a country with a rich and vibrant history, diverse cultures, and breathtaking natural landscapes. From being the most populous country in Africa to being a major player in the oil industry, Nigeria has made significant contributions to the continent and the world. With its growing economy and potential for investments, Nigeria is a country to watch out for in the coming years. Whether you’re interested in exploring its vibrant cities, immersing yourself in its cultural heritage, or marveling at its natural wonders, Nigeria has something for everyone. So, pack your bags and get ready for an unforgettable experience in the land of diverse beauty and endless possibilities.


Q: What is the population of Nigeria?

A: Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa, with an estimated population of over 200 million people.

Q: What languages are spoken in Nigeria?

A: Nigeria is a linguistically diverse country, with over 500 different languages spoken. The official language is English, but the major native languages include Hausa, Yoruba, and Igbo.

Q: What is the capital city of Nigeria?

A: The capital city of Nigeria is Abuja, located in the center of the country.

Q: What is Nigeria famous for?

A: Nigeria is known for its rich cultural heritage, vibrant music and film industry (Nollywood), and being a major player in the oil industry.

Q: Are there any famous tourist attractions in Nigeria?

A: Yes, Nigeria boasts several famous tourist attractions, including the stunning Aso Rock, Yankari National Park, Olumo Rock, and the famous Niger River.

Q: Is Nigeria a safe country for tourists?

A: Like any other country, it is important to exercise caution and take necessary safety precautions. Generally, Nigeria is safe for tourists, but it is always recommended to stay informed about the current situation and follow local guidelines.

Nigeria's rich history and vibrant culture extend beyond these 44 facts. Explore more fascinating aspects of this diverse nation, from its pioneering financial institutions to its historic cities and thriving banking sector. Uncover the astonishing facts about First Bank of Nigeria, one of the country's oldest and most influential banks. Take a journey through the captivating city of Abeokuta, known for its unique landmarks and cultural heritage. Lastly, gain insights into the astounding growth and success of Fidelity Bank Nigeria, a leading player in the nation's financial landscape. Embark on a deeper exploration of Nigeria's multifaceted story through these compelling articles.

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