Lainey Babcock

Lainey Babcock

Modified & Updated: 23 Sep 2023


Gambia, often referred to as “The Smiling Coast of Africa,” is a small West African country known for its warm hospitality, stunning beaches, and rich cultural heritage. Despite being one of the smallest countries in Africa, Gambia boasts a fascinating history and a plethora of unique experiences for visitors to discover.

In this article, we will delve into 32 fascinating facts about Gambia that will give you a deeper understanding of this enchanting country. From its diverse wildlife and breathtaking landscapes to its vibrant festivals and delicious cuisine, Gambia is truly a hidden gem waiting to be explored.

So, sit back, relax, and prepare to embark on a virtual journey through the wonders of Gambia as we unravel the secrets and stories that make this country so captivating.

Table of Contents

The Gambia is the smallest country in mainland Africa.

With an area of just 4,361 square miles (11,295 square kilometers), it is surrounded by Senegal on three sides and the Atlantic Ocean on the other.

The official language of Gambia is English.

English serves as the language of instruction and communication, making it easy for visitors to communicate with the locals.

The Gambia is known as the “Smiling Coast of Africa.”

This nickname reflects the warm and welcoming nature of the Gambian people, who are renowned for their friendliness and hospitality.

The Gambia River is the lifeblood of the country.

Stretching over 700 miles (1,126 kilometers), it not only provides a vital waterway for transportation but also supports agriculture, fishing, and tourism.

Gambia has a rich cultural heritage.

From vibrant music and dance traditions to colorful festivals and ceremonies, Gambia celebrates its diverse ethnic groups, including the Mandinka, Wolof, Fula, and Jola.

The capital city of Gambia is Banjul.

Located on St. Mary’s Island, it is a bustling hub of activity and home to important government buildings, markets, and historical sites.

Gambia has a tropical climate.

With hot, dry winters and humid, rainy summers, the country experiences a distinct wet and dry season. The best time to visit is during the dry season from November to May.

Gambia is a bird lover’s paradise.

With over 540 species of birds, including the vibrant national bird, the African fish eagle, Gambia offers excellent opportunities for birdwatching and eco-tourism.

The Gambia is famous for its beautiful beaches.

The coastal areas, such as Cape Point and Kololi, boast pristine sandy shores and crystal-clear waters, making them popular destinations for both locals and tourists.

Fishing is a vital part of Gambian culture and economy.

The local fishermen use traditional techniques to catch a variety of fish, including barracuda, red snapper, and grouper.

The traditional Gambian dish is called “domoda.”

Domoda is a delicious peanut stew made with meat, vegetables, and spices, served with rice or couscous.

The Gambia is home to several nature reserves and national parks.

These protected areas, such as Kiang West National Park and River Gambia National Park, are havens for wildlife, including monkeys, hippos, crocodiles, and rare bird species.

Gambian music is vibrant and diverse.

From traditional drumming and kora melodies to Afro-Manding fusion and reggae, the local music scene reflects the country’s rich cultural tapestry.

The UNESCO World Heritage Site of James Island is located in Gambia.

Also known as Kunta Kinteh Island, it was a key trading post during the transatlantic slave trade and serves as a powerful reminder of the country’s history.

The currency of Gambia is the Gambian dalasi.

When visiting, it’s advisable to exchange currency beforehand, as credit cards are not widely accepted outside major establishments.

Gambia has a strong tradition of storytelling.

Griots, the oral historians and musicians, play a crucial role in preserving and passing down the country’s history and cultural heritage through their narratives and songs.

The Abuko Nature Reserve is the Gambia’s first wildlife reserve.

Spanning over 100 hectares, it showcases a variety of flora and fauna, including monkeys, reptiles, and more than 300 species of birds.

The Senegambia region is a popular tourist destination in Gambia.

Renowned for its vibrant nightlife, lively markets, and stunning beaches, it offers a wide range of accommodations, restaurants, and entertainment options.

The Gambian flag consists of three horizontal stripes.

The top and bottom bands are blue, symbolizing the Gambia River, while the middle stripe is white, representing peace.

Gambia has a well-preserved colonial heritage.

Historical landmarks such as Fort James, Fort Bullen, and the Arch 22 in Banjul offer insights into the country’s colonial past and the struggle for independence.

Islam is the predominant religion in Gambia.

Around 90% of the population identifies as Muslim, and the country celebrates Islamic holidays, such as Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha, with great enthusiasm.

The Tanbi Wetland Complex is a designated Ramsar site in Gambia.

It is a vital ecosystem that supports a wide variety of bird species, amphibians, and reptiles, as well as providing nesting grounds for the vulnerable green turtle.

Gambians are known for their traditional wrestling, called “Borreh.”

This popular sport attracts participants and spectators alike, showcasing strength, agility, and traditional wrestling techniques.

The “Roots” phenomenon has influenced tourism in Gambia.

The popular novel and subsequent television series by Alex Haley sparked a renewed interest in exploring the country’s connection to the transatlantic slave trade.

The Gambia has a high rate of female entrepreneurship.

Women play a significant role in the country’s economy, particularly in the agricultural and tourism sectors.

The annual “International Roots Festival” takes place in Gambia.

This cultural event attracts visitors from around the world who come to connect with their African heritage, explore historical sites, and celebrate Gambian culture.

Gambia is famous for its colorful and vibrant textiles.

Batik and tie-dye fabrics, known as “Borom-Sarret” and “Kunta Kinteh,” are produced locally and showcase unique patterns and designs.

The Gambian healthcare system has made significant progress.

Government initiatives have improved access to healthcare services, resulting in a decline in infant mortality rates and the prevalence of diseases such as malaria.

The Gambia experiences an annual pilgrimage of dolphins.

During the months of April and May, large pods of dolphins can be spotted swimming along the coast, delighting both locals and tourists.

The Juffureh Village in Gambia is known for its connection to the famous character Kunta Kinteh from the novel “Roots.”

Visitors can explore the village, visit the Kunta Kinteh Island, and learn about the history of the slave trade in this region.

The Gambia has a vibrant traditional medicine system.

Herbal remedies, spiritual healing, and traditional healers known as “Marabouts” are integral components of Gambian healthcare and cultural practices.

Gambia celebrates its independence on February 18th.

Annually, the country commemorates its freedom from colonial rule with parades, cultural performances, and a national holiday.

These 32 facts about Gambia provide just a glimpse into the beauty, culture, and history of this remarkable country. Whether you’re exploring the vibrant markets, relaxing on the stunning beaches, or immersing yourself in the rich cultural heritage, Gambia is sure to captivate your heart and leave you with unforgettable memories.


In conclusion, Gambia is a fascinating country with a rich history, vibrant culture, and breathtaking natural beauty. From its diverse wildlife to its bustling markets and friendly people, there is something for everyone to explore and enjoy in this West African nation. With its unique blend of traditional and modern influences, Gambia offers a truly immersive experience for travelers seeking an off-the-beaten-path adventure. Whether you’re interested in exploring the bustling capital city of Banjul, relaxing on the stunning beaches of the Atlantic coast, or discovering the wonders of Gambia’s national parks and nature reserves, this small but incredible country is sure to leave a lasting impression. So, pack your bags and get ready to uncover the hidden gems of Gambia!


1. What is the official language of Gambia?

The official language of Gambia is English.

2. What currency is used in Gambia?

The currency used in Gambia is the Gambian dalasi (GMD).

3. Is Gambia a safe country to visit?

Yes, Gambia is generally considered a safe country to visit. However, it is always advisable to take normal precautions and be aware of your surroundings.

4. Do I need a visa to visit Gambia?

Yes, most visitors to Gambia require a visa. It is recommended to check the visa requirements for your specific nationality prior to your trip.

5. What is the best time to visit Gambia?

The best time to visit Gambia is during the dry season, which runs from November to May. The weather is pleasant, and wildlife viewing opportunities are at their best during this time.

6. What are some popular tourist attractions in Gambia?

Some popular tourist attractions in Gambia include the Kachikally Crocodile Pool, Bijilo Forest Park, River Gambia National Park, and the vibrant Serekunda Market.

7. Can I go on a safari in Gambia?

Yes, Gambia offers opportunities for safari experiences. Riverboat safaris along the River Gambia are particularly popular, allowing visitors to spot wildlife such as hippos, crocodiles, and various bird species.

8. Are there any cultural etiquettes to be aware of in Gambia?

Yes, it is important to dress modestly, particularly when visiting religious sites or rural areas. It is also customary to greet people with a handshake and to accept offers of tea or food as a sign of respect.

9. What is the local cuisine like in Gambia?

Gambian cuisine is influenced by West African, European, and Middle Eastern flavors. Some popular dishes include domoda (peanut stew), benachin (one-pot rice dish), and yassa (marinated meat or fish with onions and citrus).

10. Can I use my credit card in Gambia?

Credit cards are accepted in some hotels, restaurants, and larger establishments in Gambia. However, it is advisable to carry cash for smaller purchases and in more remote areas.