Danice Keith

Written by Danice Keith

Modified & Updated: 25 Jun 2024

Jessica Corbett

Reviewed by Jessica Corbett

Source: Centres.weforum.org

Saudi Arabia, located in the Middle East, is a country known for its rich history, vibrant culture, and magnificent landscapes. With its strategic location on the Arabian Peninsula, Saudi Arabia holds great significance both geopolitically and economically. From the towering skyscrapers of its capital city, Riyadh, to the ancient ruins of Petra, this country is a treasure trove of wonders waiting to be explored.

In this article, we will delve into 32 fascinating facts about Saudi Arabia that will shed light on its traditions, customs, landmarks, and more. From its role as the birthplace of Islam to its vast deserts and stunning coastline along the Red Sea, Saudi Arabia offers a diverse range of experiences for visitors and locals alike.

Key Takeaways:

  • Saudi Arabia is a significant destination for Muslims, with Mecca and Medina being the holiest cities in Islam, and the birthplace of Prophet Muhammad, making it a country of great religious importance.
  • Saudi Arabia is known for its vast Arabian Desert, abundance of oil, and rich cultural heritage, with traditional crafts, cuisine, and hospitality showcasing its unique identity.
Table of Contents

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia, officially known as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, is a country located in the Middle East.

Land of the Two Holy Mosques

Saudi Arabia is home to the two holiest cities in Islam, Mecca and Medina, making it a significant destination for Muslims around the world.

The Birthplace of Islam

Mecca, located in Saudi Arabia, is where the Prophet Muhammad was born, and is the holiest city in Islam.

Vast Arabian Desert

The country is mainly covered by the Arabian Desert, one of the largest continuous sand deserts in the world.

Abundance of Oil

Saudi Arabia is the world’s leading exporter of oil and has one of the largest proven oil reserves, which has been instrumental in its economic growth.

The Tallest Building

The Kingdom Tower in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, is set to become the tallest building in the world, reaching over one kilometer in height.

The Traditional Dress

The traditional dress for men in Saudi Arabia is the thobe, an ankle-length garment made of white cotton, while women wear the abaya, a loose-fitting black cloak.

The Largest Sand Desert

The Rub’ al Khali, also known as the Empty Quarter, is the largest continuous sand desert in the world and covers a significant portion of Saudi Arabia.

UNESCO World Heritage Sites

Saudi Arabia boasts several UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the archaeological sites of Al-Hijr and the rock art of Jubbah and Shuwaymis.

Vision 2030

Saudi Arabia’s Vision 2030 is a plan to diversify the country’s economy and reduce its dependence on oil, focusing on sectors such as tourism, entertainment, and technology.

Ancient History

Saudi Arabia has a rich history dating back thousands of years, with archaeological discoveries revealing ancient civilizations and trade routes.

Camel Racing

Camel racing is a popular sport in Saudi Arabia, where specially trained camels, often ridden by robots, compete in races for prizes.

The Hajj Pilgrimage

The Hajj pilgrimage, one of the Five Pillars of Islam, brings millions of Muslims from around the world to Mecca in Saudi Arabia every year.

The Date Fruit

Saudi Arabia is one of the largest producers and exporters of dates, a staple food in the region known for its nutritional value.

Islamic Banking

Saudi Arabia is a pioneer in Islamic banking, with financial institutions offering Sharia-compliant services and products.

Traditional Crafts

Traditional crafts such as pottery, weaving, and metalwork are still practiced in Saudi Arabia, showcasing the rich cultural heritage of the country.

The Arabian Oryx

The Arabian Oryx, a magnificent desert antelope, is the national animal of Saudi Arabia and is considered critically endangered.

The Red Sea

Saudi Arabia has a coastline along the Red Sea, offering opportunities for diving and exploring vibrant coral reefs and marine life.

The Rub’ al Khali

The Rub’ al Khali, or the Empty Quarter, is known for its vast stretches of sand dunes, challenging terrain, and unique desert wildlife.

Traditional Cuisine

Saudi Arabian cuisine is known for its flavorsome dishes, with popular favorites including kabsa (spiced rice with meat), falafel, and hummus.

The Royal Family

Saudi Arabia is governed by a monarchy, with King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud serving as the current ruler.

The Qasr Al-Hokm Palace

Situated in Riyadh, the Qasr Al-Hokm Palace is a historic landmark and serves as the headquarters of the Saudi Arabian government.

Traditional Music and Dance

The traditional music and dance of Saudi Arabia, such as the Ardah and the Liwa, showcase the vibrant cultural heritage of the country.

Saudi Arabian Hospitality

Hospitality is deeply embedded in Saudi Arabian culture, with locals known for their warm welcome and generous hospitality towards guests.

The Masmak Fortress

The Masmak Fortress, located in Riyadh, is a symbol of Saudi Arabia’s past and played a significant role in the formation of the Kingdom.

The Language

Arabic is the official language of Saudi Arabia, with the dialect spoken in the country being known as Gulf Arabic or Saudi Arabic.

The Capital City

Riyadh is the capital city and the largest metropolis in Saudi Arabia, serving as the political, financial, and administrative hub of the country.

The King Fahd Fountain

The King Fahd Fountain in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, is one of the tallest fountains in the world, reaching a height of over 300 meters.

The Arabian Hospitality

The Arabian hospitality, known as “Arabian hospitality” or “Arabian welcome,” is a traditional practice deeply rooted in Saudi Arabian culture.

The Abundance of Gold

Saudi Arabia is known for its abundant reserves of gold, with the country being one of the largest producers and exporters of the precious metal.

The National Day

Saudi Arabia celebrates its National Day on September 23rd each year, marking the unification of the Kingdom by King Abdulaziz Al Saud in 1932.

The Rich Cultural Heritage

Saudi Arabia has a rich and diverse cultural heritage, with traditional customs, art forms, and celebrations contributing to the country’s unique identity.


In conclusion, Saudi Arabia is a country steeped in rich history, vibrant culture, and remarkable beauty. From its ancient archaeological sites to its modern cities, this Middle Eastern nation offers a unique and diverse experience for visitors. With its vast deserts, stunning coastlines, and towering mountains, Saudi Arabia boasts natural wonders that will leave you in awe. Its bustling markets, mouthwatering cuisine, and warm hospitality ensure that every visitor feels welcome and embraced by the Saudi people. From the iconic city of Riyadh to the holy sites of Mecca and Medina, Saudi Arabia offers a truly unforgettable journey for those seeking to discover its treasures. So, whether you’re interested in history, adventure, culture, or simply want to explore a new corner of the world, Saudi Arabia should definitely be on your travel list. Plan your trip and prepare to be amazed by all that this incredible country has to offer.


1. What is the capital city of Saudi Arabia?

The capital city of Saudi Arabia is Riyadh.

2. What is the official language of Saudi Arabia?

The official language of Saudi Arabia is Arabic.

3. Are women allowed to drive in Saudi Arabia?

Yes, women are now allowed to drive in Saudi Arabia after the ban was lifted in 2018.

4. What is the currency used in Saudi Arabia?

The currency used in Saudi Arabia is the Saudi Riyal (SAR).

5. What are some famous tourist attractions in Saudi Arabia?

Some famous tourist attractions in Saudi Arabia include the historic city of Jeddah, the ancient Nabatean ruins of Madain Saleh, and the Empty Quarter desert.

6. Can non-Muslims visit Mecca and Medina?

No, non-Muslims are not allowed to enter the holy cities of Mecca and Medina.

7. What is the climate like in Saudi Arabia?

Saudi Arabia has a desert climate with extremely hot summers and mild winters.

8. Is it safe to travel to Saudi Arabia?

Saudi Arabia is generally considered safe for tourists, but it is always advisable to stay informed about travel advisories and follow local laws and customs.

9. Can I consume alcohol in Saudi Arabia?

No, alcohol is strictly prohibited in Saudi Arabia.

10. What are some traditional Saudi Arabian dishes?

Some traditional Saudi Arabian dishes include Kabsa (spiced rice with meat), Mandi (slow-cooked meat with rice), and Harees (a porridge-like dish).

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