Gweneth Dorsey

Gweneth Dorsey

Modified & Updated: 07 Oct 2023


Islam is one of the world’s major religions, with more than 1.8 billion followers worldwide. It is a religion that originated in the seventh century CE in the Arabian Peninsula and has since spread across the globe. Islam is based on the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad, whom Muslims believe to be the last and final messenger of God. The religion is centered around the Quran, which Muslims consider to be the word of God, and the Five Pillars of Islam, which outline the core principles and practices. In this article, we will delve into 14 interesting facts about Islam, shedding light on the history, beliefs, practices, and contributions of this diverse and influential faith.

Table of Contents

Islam is the second-largest religion in the world.

With over 1.8 billion followers, Islam is second only to Christianity in terms of global popularity.

Islam was founded by Prophet Muhammad in the 7th century.

Prophet Muhammad is believed to be the last and final prophet, who received revelations from Allah (God).

The holy book of Islam is called the Quran.

The Quran is believed to be the literal word of God, revealed to Prophet Muhammad over a period of 23 years.

Muslims believe in the Five Pillars of Islam.

The Five Pillars of Islam are the basic acts of worship that every Muslim should adhere to, including prayer, fasting, charity, pilgrimage, and the declaration of faith.

Muslims face Mecca when they pray.

Mecca is considered the holiest city in Islam and is the direction towards which Muslims pray five times a day.

Islam teaches the concept of Jihad.

Jihad, often misunderstood, refers to the spiritual struggle for self-improvement and the defense of Islam, rather than solely as a means of warfare.

Islam promotes modesty and encourages both men and women to dress modestly.

Muslims are encouraged to dress modestly to uphold the values of humility and respect.

Islam emphasizes the importance of community and charity.

Zakat, or compulsory charity, is one of the Five Pillars of Islam, emphasizing the obligation of Muslims to support the less fortunate.

Ramadan is the holy month of fasting for Muslims.

During Ramadan, Muslims abstain from food and drink from dawn until sunset as a form of self-discipline and increased devotion to Allah.

Islam has a strong emphasis on knowledge and education.

Muslims believe that seeking knowledge is a religious duty and that education plays a vital role in personal and societal development.

Islamic art is known for its intricate geometric patterns and calligraphy.

Islamic art reflects the beauty and unity of Allah, often seen in mesmerizing geometric designs and the elegant use of Arabic calligraphy.

Islam teaches the importance of good character and moral behavior.

Islam encourages believers to uphold values such as honesty, kindness, generosity, and justice in their daily lives.

Hajj is the annual pilgrimage to Mecca.

Every year, millions of Muslims from around the world gather in Mecca to perform the Hajj, fulfilling one of the Five Pillars of Islam.

Islam has various sects and traditions.

There are different sects within Islam, including Sunni, Shia, and Sufi, each with its own traditions and interpretations of Islamic teachings.


In conclusion, Islam is a diverse and complex religion that holds deep significance for millions of people around the world. From its rich history and teachings to its cultural and societal impact, Islam has shaped the lives of its followers in profound ways. By exploring the facts about Islam, we gain a better understanding of its beliefs, practices, and contributions to the world.While this article has provided a brief overview of some key facts about Islam, there is much more to discover and learn about this religion. It is important to approach the study of Islam with an open mind and a willingness to engage in respectful dialogue.Whether you are already familiar with Islam or are seeking to expand your knowledge, embracing diversity and promoting understanding can contribute to building a more inclusive society. By recognizing and appreciating the beliefs and values of others, we can foster an environment of mutual respect and harmony.


1. What is the meaning of the word “Islam”?

The word “Islam” means submission or surrender to the will of Allah (God) in Arabic.

2. Who is considered the Prophet in Islam?

The Prophet Muhammad is considered the last and final prophet in Islam, who received revelations from Allah through the angel Gabriel.

3. What are the Five Pillars of Islam?

The Five Pillars of Islam are the basic acts of worship for Muslims, which include Shahada (faith declaration), Salat (prayer), Zakat (charity), Sawm (fasting during Ramadan), and Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca).

4. What is the holy book of Islam?

The holy book of Islam is the Quran, believed by Muslims to be the direct word of Allah as revealed to Prophet Muhammad.

5. Are all Muslims the same?

No, there are different sects within Islam, such as Sunni and Shia, each with their own interpretations and practices.

6. How does Islam view Jesus?

Jesus is considered a prophet in Islam, but not the Son of God or divine figure as believed in Christianity.

7. What is the significance of the Kaaba in Islam?

The Kaaba is a sacred site in Mecca and is considered the holiest place for Muslims. It is the direction faced during prayer and serves as a symbol of unity for Muslims worldwide.

8. Do women have rights in Islam?

Yes, Islam grants women various rights, including the right to education, work, own property, and participate in social and political spheres. However, cultural practices and interpretations may vary.

9. Is jihad an act of violence in Islam?

Jihad in Islam can refer to an individual’s internal struggle for self-improvement or a collective effort to defend Islam. It is often misinterpreted as solely violent, whereas it encompasses a broader concept of self-discipline and striving for righteousness.

10. Are Muslims allowed to have non-Muslim friends?

Yes, Islam encourages peaceful coexistence and friendship with people of all faiths as long as it does not compromise one’s own beliefs or values.