Karlie Sheaffer

Karlie Sheaffer

Published: 21 Sep 2023

Source: Welcomesaudi.com

Masjid an-Nabawi, also known as the Prophet’s Mosque, holds a special place in the hearts of Muslims around the world. Located in Medina, Saudi Arabia, it is one of the most significant landmarks in Islamic history. This beautiful mosque, which was the final resting place of the Prophet Muhammad, attracts millions of worshippers and visitors every year.

But what makes Masjid an-Nabawi truly captivating are its awe-inspiring features and fascinating history. From its architectural magnificence to the rich spiritual significance associated with it, this mosque has numerous intriguing aspects that are worth exploring. So, let’s delve into 14 captivating facts about Masjid an-Nabawi that will enhance your knowledge and appreciation of this remarkable place.

Table of Contents

The Oldest Islamic Mosque

Did you know that Masjid an-Nabawi is the oldest Islamic mosque in the world? It was initially built by the Islamic prophet Muhammad and his companions upon their arrival in Medina in the 7th century CE.

The Sacred Chamber

The mosque houses a sacred chamber known as the Rawdah, which is believed to be the area where Prophet Muhammad used to pray and is considered one of the most sacred sites within the mosque.

Expansions and Renovations

Over the years, the mosque has undergone several expansions and renovations to accommodate the increasing number of worshippers. The most significant expansion took place during the reign of King Fahd bin Abdulaziz, which increased the mosque’s capacity to over one million worshippers.

The Green Dome

The iconic Green Dome, situated above the Prophet’s resting place, is one of the mosque’s most recognizable features. The dome was originally white but was later painted green during the reign of the Ottoman Empire.

Mesmerizing Architecture

The architecture of Masjid an-Nabawi is a blend of classical and contemporary Islamic styles. The intricate designs, stunning domes, and minarets showcase the beauty and grandeur of Islamic architecture.

Prophet Muhammad’s Minbar

The mosque houses the historic minbar (pulpit) used by Prophet Muhammad to deliver sermons. This minbar is considered a precious artifact that holds immense religious and historical significance.

Pilgrimage Destination

Millions of Muslims from all over the world visit Masjid an-Nabawi annually as part of their Hajj pilgrimage and Umrah, the lesser pilgrimage. It is a deeply spiritual experience for Muslims to pray and pay their respects in this sacred mosque.

The Prophet’s Grave

The mosque encompasses the grave of Prophet Muhammad, along with the graves of his two companions, Abu Bakr and Umar. These holy sites are respected and revered by Muslims worldwide.

Rich Cultural Heritage

Masjid an-Nabawi holds a rich cultural heritage, with various Islamic civilizations contributing to its development and preservation. Its significance extends beyond religious boundaries and influences Islamic art, literature, and music.

The Green Carpet

The mosque features a distinctive green carpet that covers the entire prayer hall, symbolizing tranquility and serenity. This carpet is annually replaced during the holy month of Ramadan.

Large Outdoor Courtyard

The mosque boasts a spacious outdoor courtyard known as the “Rawdah” area, where visitors can offer prayers and seek blessings. It is believed to be an area of high spiritual reward.

The Raudhah

The Raudhah, located within the Rawdah area, is a special garden blessed by the Prophet. It is believed that any prayer offered in this area is highly rewarded.

Absence of Pillars

One unique feature of Masjid an-Nabawi is its prayer hall, which is supported by beautifully crafted pillars positioned outside the enclosed prayer area. This design allows for greater flexibility and a spacious praying environment.

The Largest Mosque in Saudi Arabia

With its vast area spanning over 400,000 square meters, Masjid an-Nabawi is the largest mosque in Saudi Arabia. It stands as a testament to the rich Islamic heritage and the distinguished role Medina plays in Islamic history.

Visiting Masjid an-Nabawi is a truly awe-inspiring experience, as it offers a glimpse into the rich religious and cultural heritage of Islam. With its historical significance, magnificent architecture, and spiritual atmosphere, Masjid an-Nabawi continues to be a beacon of devotion and reverence for Muslims around the world.


In conclusion, Masjid an-Nabawi is a truly captivating and significant landmark in the Islamic world. With its rich history, stunning architecture, and significance as the final resting place of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), this mosque holds immense spiritual and cultural importance for Muslims worldwide. Its open courtyard, intricately designed green dome, and intricate carvings are testament to the skill and craftsmanship of its builders. The landmark’s expansion and modernization over the years have made it an awe-inspiring sight for visitors.Whether you are a follower of Islam or simply someone interested in exploring different places of worship, a visit to Masjid an-Nabawi will undoubtedly leave a lasting impression. Its serene atmosphere, spiritual aura, and the sense of reverence that permeates the air make it a truly unique experience. From the historical significance to the architectural marvels, Masjid an-Nabawi stands as a symbol of faith, tradition, and unity for Muslims around the world.


Q: What is the significance of Masjid an-Nabawi?

A: Masjid an-Nabawi holds immense significance as it is the final resting place of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). It is considered one of the most sacred places for Muslims and is visited by millions of pilgrims every year.

Q: How old is Masjid an-Nabawi?

A: The original structure of Masjid an-Nabawi was built in the 7th century, during the time of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). However, it has gone through several expansions and renovations over the years.

Q: Can non-Muslims visit Masjid an-Nabawi?

A: Yes, non-Muslims are allowed to visit Masjid an-Nabawi. However, there are certain areas within the mosque that are restricted to Muslims only.

Q: What is the significance of the Green Dome at Masjid an-Nabawi?

A: The Green Dome is situated above the tomb of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and is considered a symbol of the mosque. It is widely recognized as an iconic feature of Masjid an-Nabawi.

Q: Are there any specific dress code guidelines for visitors to Masjid an-Nabawi?

A: Yes, there is a dress code that visitors must follow when entering Masjid an-Nabawi. Men are required to wear loose-fitting clothing that covers their shoulders and legs, while women are required to wear modest attire that covers their entire body, including their hair.

Q: Can visitors take photographs inside Masjid an-Nabawi?

A: Photography is generally not allowed inside the mosque, especially in the restricted areas. However, photography is permitted in certain designated areas outside the mosque.