Ileana Robbins

Ileana Robbins

Modified & Updated: 23 Sep 2023


Bangladesh, a country located in South Asia, is a land of vibrant culture, rich history, and breathtaking natural beauty. With a population of over 160 million people, it is the eighth-most populous country in the world. Despite being one of the smaller nations in terms of land area, Bangladesh is known for its resilience and remarkable progress in various sectors.

From the fertile plains of the Bengal Delta to the picturesque hill tracts and the stunning mangrove forests of the Sundarbans, Bangladesh offers diverse landscapes that captivate every visitor. But beyond its natural wonders, Bangladesh has a fascinating history deeply intertwined with its struggle for independence and the spirit of its people.

In this article, we will explore 43 intriguing facts about Bangladesh, shedding light on its cultural heritage, economic growth, famous landmarks, unique traditions, and more. So, let’s delve into the wonders of this incredible country and discover what makes Bangladesh truly special.

Table of Contents

Bangladesh is located in South Asia.

Bordered by India to the west, north, and east, and by Myanmar to the southeast, Bangladesh is situated in the fertile Bengal Delta.

Bangladesh is the eighth-most populous country in the world.

With a population of over 166 million people, Bangladesh is densely populated and has a vibrant and diverse culture.

The official language of Bangladesh is Bengali.

Bengali, also known as Bangla, is the fifth most spoken language in the world.

Dhaka is the capital and largest city of Bangladesh.

With a population of over 20 million, Dhaka is not only the political and economic hub of the country but also one of the fastest-growing megacities in the world.

Bangladesh has a rich cultural heritage.

From traditional music and dance to vibrant festivals and art, Bangladesh’s culture is deeply rooted in its history and traditions.

Bangladesh is home to the Sundarbans, the world’s largest mangrove forest.

The Sundarbans, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is known for its unique ecosystem and is a haven for diverse wildlife, including the Royal Bengal Tiger.

Bangladesh is a major producer of textiles and garments.

The ready-made garment industry is a significant contributor to Bangladesh’s economy, accounting for a large portion of the country’s exports.

Bangladesh is prone to natural disasters.

Due to its geographical location and low-lying terrain, Bangladesh is vulnerable to cyclones, floods, and other natural calamities.

The national dish of Bangladesh is rice and fish curry.

Rice, particularly the fragrant Basmati variety, is a staple food in Bangladesh, and fish curry is a popular accompaniment.

Bangladesh has made significant progress in reducing poverty.

Through various poverty alleviation programs, Bangladesh has managed to lift millions of people out of poverty in the past few decades.

The official currency of Bangladesh is the Bangladeshi Taka (BDT).

The currency is represented by the symbol “?” and is issued and controlled by the country’s central bank, the Bangladesh Bank.

Bangladesh has a vibrant and diverse wildlife population.

From the Bengal Tiger to the Ganges River Dolphin, Bangladesh is home to a wide range of animal species, both on land and in water.

Bangladesh has a unique blend of religions.

Islam is the predominant religion in Bangladesh, followed by Hinduism, Buddhism, and Christianity.

The national flower of Bangladesh is the water lily.

The water lily, also known as the Shapla, is a symbol of purity and beauty in Bangladeshi culture.

Bangladesh has a thriving film industry.

The Bangladeshi film industry, commonly known as Dhallywood, produces a significant number of movies every year across various genres.

The Padma Bridge in Bangladesh is one of the longest bridges in the world.

Spanning over the Padma River, the bridge connects the southwest of the country with the capital city, Dhaka.

Bangladesh is known for its microfinance initiatives.

The Grameen Bank, founded by Nobel Laureate Muhammad Yunus, pioneered the concept of microcredit and has helped empower millions of impoverished individuals in Bangladesh.

Bengali cuisine is famous for its flavorful spices and unique preparations.

From mouth-watering curries and aromatic biryanis to delectable sweets, Bengali cuisine offers a vast array of culinary delights.

The national sport of Bangladesh is kabaddi.

Kabaddi, a contact team sport, holds a special place in Bangladeshi sports culture and has gained international recognition.

The Liberation War of Bangladesh began in 1971.

Bangladesh fought for its independence from Pakistan and emerged as an independent nation after a nine-month-long war.

The Sundarban Tiger Reserve in Bangladesh is a designated UNESCO World Heritage Site.

It is not only home to the endangered Royal Bengal Tiger but also a crucial habitat for various other wildlife species.

Bangladesh has a thriving jute industry.

Jute, also known as the “Golden Fiber,” is a versatile natural fiber that is used to make various products, including ropes, bags, and textiles.

The Bangladesh National Parliament is known as the Jatiya Sangsad.

The Jatiya Sangsad is the supreme legislative body of the country and plays a vital role in shaping Bangladesh’s laws and policies.

The Bengali New Year, known as Pohela Boishakh, is a significant cultural celebration in Bangladesh.

It marks the beginning of the Bengali calendar year and is celebrated with colorful processions, traditional music, and dance performances.

The Cox’s Bazar in Bangladesh is home to the world’s longest uninterrupted natural sandy beach.

Stretching over 120 kilometers, it is a popular tourist destination and attracts visitors from around the globe.

Bangladesh is known for its beautiful traditional handicrafts.

From the intricate art of kantha embroidery to the vibrant woven fabric known as Jamdani, Bangladeshi handicrafts showcase the country’s rich cultural heritage.

The national fruit of Bangladesh is the jackfruit.

Jackfruit, with its distinctive taste and versatility, is not only a popular fruit but also used in various savory and sweet dishes.

The Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Novo Theatre in Dhaka is the first and largest planetarium in Bangladesh.

It offers educational and entertaining shows about astronomy and space exploration.

Bangladesh has a thriving music industry.

From classical music to modern Bangla pop, the country has produced many talented musicians and singers who have gained recognition both locally and internationally.

The Sundarbans in Bangladesh is home to the endangered Irrawaddy dolphin.

These dolphins are known for their distinctive appearance and are considered one of the rarest dolphin species in the world.

The national bird of Bangladesh is the Oriental Magpie Robin.

With its melodious singing and striking appearance, the Oriental Magpie Robin is a beloved symbol of the country’s rich birdlife.

The Jamuna Bridge in Bangladesh is one of the longest cable-stayed bridges in the world.

It spans over the Jamuna River and connects the eastern and western regions of the country.

Bangladesh is home to the largest number of active rickshaws in the world.

Colorfully decorated and an integral part of urban transportation, rickshaws are a common sight on the streets of Bangladesh.

The National Martyrs’ Memorial in Dhaka honors the brave soldiers who sacrificed their lives during the Liberation War of Bangladesh.

It serves as a reminder of the country’s struggle for independence and commemorates those who fought for the nation’s freedom.

Bangladesh is a hub for traditional arts and crafts.

From pottery and sculpture to weaving and metalwork, artisans in Bangladesh preserve and showcase their skills through their remarkable craftsmanship.

The Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers flow through Bangladesh, making it a land of fertile alluvial plains.

The rivers provide water for irrigation and play a crucial role in the country’s agriculture.

The national fish of Bangladesh is the Hilsa.

The Hilsa, a popular fish in Bengali cuisine, is not only known for its delicious taste but also holds cultural significance in the region.

The Bangladesh National Zoo in Dhaka houses a wide variety of animal species.

Visitors can explore the zoo and observe animals from around the world, including Bengal tigers, elephants, and crocodiles.

The Jatiyo Smriti Soudho in Savar is the national monument of Bangladesh.

It was built to commemorate the martyrs of the Liberation War and stands as a symbol of national unity and resilience.

Bangladesh is known for its vibrant festivals.

From Eid-ul-Fitr to Durga Puja, the country celebrates a diverse range of religious and cultural festivals with great enthusiasm and fervor.

The Liberation War Museum in Dhaka showcases the history and struggles of Bangladesh’s fight for independence.

It serves as a testament to the sacrifices made by millions of Bangladeshis during the war.

Bangladesh is a land of rivers, with over 700 rivers flowing through the country.

These rivers provide a means of transportation, irrigation, and contribute to the country’s rich biodiversity.

A common mode of transportation in rural Bangladesh is the country boat, also known as a “nouka”.

These traditional wooden boats are used for fishing, transportation, and leisure activities along the rivers and waterways.


In conclusion, Bangladesh is a country rich in history, culture, and natural beauty. With its bustling cities, vibrant festivals, and breathtaking landscapes, it offers a unique and immersive experience for travelers. From the iconic Sundarbans mangrove forest to the archaeological wonders of Paharpur and Mahasthangarh, there is something for everyone to explore and discover in this fascinating country. The warmth and hospitality of the Bangladeshi people further add to the charm of visiting Bangladesh. Whether you’re interested in history, adventure, or simply soaking in the local culture, Bangladesh has it all. So, pack your bags, embrace the diversity, and get ready for an unforgettable journey through the enchanting land of Bangladesh.


1. What is the capital city of Bangladesh?

The capital city of Bangladesh is Dhaka.

2. What is the official language of Bangladesh?

The official language of Bangladesh is Bengali.

3. What is the currency used in Bangladesh?

The currency used in Bangladesh is the Bangladeshi Taka (BDT).

4. Is Bangladesh a safe country to visit?

Overall, Bangladesh is a safe country to visit. However, like any other destination, it is advisable to take necessary precautions, such as avoiding isolated areas at night and keeping an eye on your belongings.

5. What are some popular tourist attractions in Bangladesh?

Some popular tourist attractions in Bangladesh include the Sundarbans, Cox’s Bazar Beach, Lalbagh Fort, and the archaeological sites of Paharpur and Mahasthangarh.