Rene Lawless

Rene Lawless

Modified & Updated: 09 Sep 2023


Pakistan, officially known as the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a diverse and culturally rich country located in South Asia. With a population of over 220 million people, it is the fifth-most populous country in the world. In addition to its rich history and vibrant culture, Pakistan is also known for its stunning landscapes, including the breathtaking peaks of the Himalayas, the deserts of Thar, and the scenic coastlines along the Arabian Sea.

This article aims to delve into the fascinating and lesser-known facts about Pakistan. From its architectural marvels and ancient civilizations to its delicious cuisine and traditional arts, Pakistan has much to offer. So, let’s dive deeper and explore 33 intriguing facts about this remarkable country.

Table of Contents

Pakistan is the sixth most populous country in the world.

With a population of over 225 million people, Pakistan ranks among the most populous countries globally, showcasing its immense cultural diversity and social dynamics.

The national language of Pakistan is Urdu.

Urdu, a beautiful blend of Persian, Arabic, and Turkish influences, serves as the national language of Pakistan. However, English is also widely spoken and used in official communication.

Pakistan is home to the second-highest mountain peak in the world, K2.

Standing tall at 8,611 meters, K2 is a mountaineer’s dream and a challenging feat to conquer. It attracts climbers from around the globe, seeking adventure on its treacherous slopes.

Pakistan has the largest canal-based irrigation system in the world.

The Indus Valley Irrigation System is a marvel of engineering, supplying water to millions of hectares of farmland and contributing significantly to the agricultural economy of the country.

Pakistan is known for its rich and diverse cuisine.

From aromatic biryani to spicy curries, Pakistani cuisine is a culinary delight. The mouthwatering flavors and unique cooking techniques reflect the country’s cultural heritage and regional influences.

The Lahore Fort in Pakistan is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The magnificent Lahore Fort, dating back to the Mughal era, is a masterpiece of architecture and a testament to the rich history of the region. Its intricately designed palaces and stunning gardens leave visitors in awe.

Pakistani music is renowned worldwide.

From traditional qawwali to contemporary pop, Pakistani music has a global fan following. Artists like Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan and Atif Aslam have gained international recognition with their soulful melodies.

Pakistan is home to the largest deep sea port in the world, the Gwadar Port.

The strategically located Gwadar Port is a game-changer for Pakistan’s economic growth and trade routes. It serves as a crucial link between South Asia, the Middle East, and Central Asia.

The Karakoram Highway, connecting Pakistan and China, is one of the highest paved roads in the world.

Stretching over 1,200 kilometers, the Karakoram Highway offers breathtaking views of the majestic Karakoram mountain range, making it a popular tourist attraction.

Pakistan is famous for its exquisite handicrafts.

From intricate embroidery to stunning pottery, Pakistani handicrafts showcase the country’s artistic flair. Ajrak, Truck art, and Multani pottery are just a few examples of the diverse craftsmanship.

Pakistan is home to the world’s second-largest salt mine, the Khewra Salt Mine.

The Khewra Salt Mine, nestled in the foothills of the Salt Range, is a geological wonder. Its breathtaking caverns and unique salt formations attract visitors from far and wide.

Pakistan has one of the oldest civilizations in history, the Indus Valley Civilization.

The ancient Indus Valley Civilization flourished around 2500 BCE, making it one of the earliest cradles of human civilization.

Pakistan has a diverse range of wildlife.

From the majestic Bengal tiger to the playful dolphins of the Indus River, Pakistan’s wildlife is as varied as its landscapes. The country is home to several national parks and protected areas, preserving its biodiversity.

The Khyber Pass in Pakistan has been a historical trade route.

For centuries, the Khyber Pass has served as a vital route connecting South Asia with Central Asia. It has witnessed the passage of armies, traders, and explorers throughout history.

The national sport of Pakistan is field hockey.

Pakistan has a rich history in field hockey and has won multiple Olympic gold medals in this sport. It remains a beloved pastime, fostering national pride and unity.

Pakistan is home to some of the highest polo grounds in the world.

The Shandur Polo Festival held in Northern Pakistan showcases the adrenaline-filled sport against the backdrop of the breathtaking Shandur Pass.

Pakistan has the world’s second-largest Muslim population.

With a predominantly Muslim population, Pakistan plays a significant role in the Muslim world and has numerous historic mosques and religious sites.

The Thar Desert in Pakistan is one of the largest deserts in the world.

Stretching across the border with India, the Thar Desert is a vast expanse of golden sands and an ecosystem adapted to extreme arid conditions.

The national dress of Pakistan is the Shalwar Kameez.

The elegant and comfortable Shalwar Kameez is the traditional attire worn by both men and women in Pakistan, representing the country’s cultural heritage.

Pakistan is a nuclear-armed country.

Pakistan developed nuclear capabilities in response to regional security concerns, making it a significant player on the global stage.

Pakistan is home to the highest paved international road, the Karakoram Highway.

Connecting Pakistan with China’s Xinjiang region, the Karakoram Highway is an engineering marvel that traverses challenging terrains, making it a popular destination among adventure seekers.

Pakistan is the birthplace of Malala Yousafzai, the youngest Nobel Prize laureate.

Malala Yousafzai, an advocate for girls’ education, garnered global attention for her courage and resilience in the face of adversity.

Pakistan is rich in natural resources, including coal, natural gas, and oil.

These resources play a vital role in Pakistan’s economy and contribute to its energy needs.

Pakistan is home to the world’s highest polo field in Shandur.

The Shandur Polo Festival, held annually, attracts skilled polo players from around the world to compete in this rugged and high-altitude field.

The Indus River, which flows through Pakistan, is one of the longest rivers in Asia.

The Indus River holds great cultural and historical significance and has provided sustenance to the people of the region for thousands of years.

Pakistan has the largest volunteer ambulance organization in the world, the Edhi Foundation.

The Edhi Foundation, established by Abdul Sattar Edhi, provides critical healthcare services and assistance across Pakistan, making a significant impact on society.

Pakistan is home to the world’s second-highest military awards, the Nishan-e-Haider.

The Nishan-e-Haider is the highest military honor given to those who have displayed exceptional bravery and sacrifice in defense of the nation.

Pakistan has a multi-dimensional music industry, ranging from traditional Pakistani classical to modern pop and rock.

Artists like Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, Junoon, and Noor Jehan have not only captivated local audiences but have also gained international recognition for their talent.

Pakistan is home to some of the world’s highest cricket grounds.

The picturesque cricket stadiums in Pakistan, including the Gaddafi Stadium and the National Stadium Karachi, have witnessed legendary matches and passionate cricket fans.

Pakistan has a rich literary heritage.

Renowned poets and writers like Allama Iqbal, Faiz Ahmed Faiz, and Saadat Hasan Manto have left an indelible mark on the world of literature with their profound words.

Pakistan has a thriving film industry, known as Lollywood.

The Pakistani film industry has witnessed a resurgence in recent years, producing critically acclaimed movies and garnering international recognition.

The Lahore Museum in Pakistan is one of the country’s oldest and largest museums.

The Lahore Museum houses a vast collection of artifacts, including ancient manuscripts, historical treasures, and cultural relics, offering a glimpse into Pakistan’s rich heritage.

Pakistan celebrates its Independence Day on August 14th.

On this day in 1947, Pakistan gained independence from British colonial rule, marking a significant milestone in its history.

These 33 fascinating facts about Pakistan provide a glimpse into its rich history, cultural diversity, natural wonders, and societal accomplishments. From its stunning landscapes to its vibrant traditions, Pakistan is a nation that truly captivates the senses, making it a must-visit destination for travelers seeking a truly unforgettable experience.


Pakistan is a country rich in history, culture, and natural beauty. From its majestic mountains to its bustling cities, there is much to explore and discover. The diverse population, with its warm and welcoming hospitality, adds to the country’s charm. Pakistan’s rich traditions and delicious cuisine are sure to leave a lasting impression on any visitor.

With a mix of modernity and traditional values, Pakistan offers a unique experience for travelers. Whether you’re exploring the ancient ruins of Mohenjo-Daro, gazing at the stunning landscapes of the Karakoram Highway, or immersing yourself in the vibrant bazaars of Lahore, there is always something fascinating to see and do in this captivating country.

So, pack your bags and get ready for an incredible adventure in Pakistan – a country that will undoubtedly leave you with unforgettable memories.


1. Is Pakistan a safe country to visit?

Pakistan has made significant improvements in its security situation in recent years. However, it is always recommended to stay updated on the latest travel advisories and take necessary precautions while visiting any foreign country.

2. What is the best time to visit Pakistan?

The best time to visit Pakistan is during the spring season (March to May) and the autumn season (September to November), when the weather is moderate and pleasant.

3. What are some must-visit tourist attractions in Pakistan?

Some of the must-visit tourist attractions in Pakistan include Islamabad (the capital city), Lahore (known for its historical sites), Karachi (the largest city), Hunza Valley (famous for its breathtaking views), and the ancient city of Taxila.

4. What are the popular dishes in Pakistani cuisine?

Some popular dishes in Pakistani cuisine include biryani, kebabs, butter chicken, karahi, and seekh kababs. Don’t forget to try some mouthwatering street food, such as samosas and pakoras.

5. How can I arrange transportation within Pakistan?

Pakistan has a well-developed transportation system, including domestic flights, trains, and buses. Private taxis and ride-hailing services like Uber and Careem are also available in major cities.

6. Are there any specific dress codes to follow in Pakistan?

Pakistan is an Islamic country, and it is respectful to dress modestly, especially when visiting religious sites or rural areas. It is advised to cover your shoulders and knees.

7. What is the currency used in Pakistan?

The currency used in Pakistan is the Pakistani Rupee (PKR). It is recommended to carry cash in small denominations for convenience.