Jordan, a country located in the heart of the Middle East, is a land rich in history, culture, and natural wonders. From the ancient city of Petra, with its breathtaking rock-carved facades, to the stunning landscapes of Wadi Rum desert, Jordan offers visitors a unique and unforgettable experience. With a population of around 10 million people, it is a country that blends tradition with modernity, where ancient ruins coexist with bustling cities.
In this article, we will delve into 37 fascinating facts about Jordan that will showcase the diversity and allure of this remarkable country. Whether you are planning a trip to Jordan or simply curious to learn more about it, these facts will give you a deeper insight into its past, present, and future. From its historical landmarks and religious significance to its culinary delights and natural wonders, there is no shortage of intriguing facts that make Jordan a must-visit destination.
Jordan is located in the heart of the Middle East.
Positioned in the center of the Middle East, Jordan shares borders with several countries including Saudi Arabia, Israel, Syria, and Iraq.
The official language of Jordan is Arabic.
Arabic is widely spoken throughout the country, but English is also commonly understood, especially in tourist areas.
Jordan is known for its UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
The country boasts several UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the ancient city of Petra, the archaeological site of Jerash, and the desert castles of Qasr Amra, Azraq, and Hallabat.
Petra is one of the New Seven Wonders of the World.
This remarkable archaeological site, also known as the “Rose City,” is carved into the pink sandstone cliffs and dates back to the 6th century BC.
The Dead Sea is the lowest point on Earth.
Located at about 1,410 feet below sea level, the Dead Sea offers a unique experience where you can effortlessly float due to its high salt concentration.
The Wadi Rum desert is a popular filming location.
With its otherworldly landscapes, Wadi Rum has served as a backdrop for numerous films, including “Lawrence of Arabia” and “The Martian.”
Jordan is home to the ancient city of Jerash.
Jerash is one of the best-preserved Roman cities outside of Italy, featuring well-preserved ruins such as the Oval Plaza, Arch of Hadrian, and the Temple of Artemis.
Jordan’s national dish is Mansaf.
Mansaf is a traditional Jordanian dish made with lamb cooked in a fermented dried yogurt sauce and served with rice and toasted almonds.
Amman, the capital city of Jordan, is one of the oldest inhabited cities in the world.
The city has a rich history spanning over 7,000 years, with ancient ruins coexisting with modern infrastructure.
The ancient city of Petra was featured in the movie “Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade.”
The iconic Treasury building in Petra served as the entrance to the Holy Grail in the movie.
Jordan has a diverse climate.
From the hot and arid desert in the east to the Mediterranean climate in the west, Jordan experiences a wide range of weather conditions.
Jordan is known for its hospitality.
The Jordanian people are renowned for their warm and welcoming nature, making visitors feel at home.
The Jordanian flag features three horizontal bands of black, white, and green with a red triangle on the hoist side.
The colors represent the Abbasid, Umayyad, and Fatimid caliphates that historically ruled over Jordan.
The capital city Amman is known as the “City of Seven Hills.”
Amman is built on seven hills, each offering a unique view of the city landscape and historical sites.
The currency of Jordan is the Jordanian Dinar (JOD).
The dinar is widely accepted in Jordan, and there are currency exchange facilities available throughout the country.
Jordan has a diverse ecosystem.
The country is home to a variety of flora and fauna, including the majestic Arabian oryx, which is now considered extinct in the wild.
The ancient city of Jericho, one of the oldest inhabited cities in the world, is located near the border of Jordan.
Jericho offers a fascinating glimpse into ancient history with its ancient walls and archaeological sites.
The official religion of Jordan is Islam.
Approximately 97% of the population follows Islam, with the majority being Sunni Muslims.
There are over 100 mosques in Amman.
Amman is home to numerous mosques, each displaying unique architectural styles and serving as spiritual centers.
The Jordanian desert is home to the largest continuous sand dunes in the world.
The captivating landscape of the desert is dotted with vast stretches of sand dunes, creating a surreal and awe-inspiring sight.
Mount Nebo is an important religious site.
According to biblical tradition, it is believed to be the mountain from which Moses viewed the Promised Land.
Jordan has a rich culinary heritage.
From savory dishes like falafel and shawarma to sweet treats like knafeh and baklava, Jordanian cuisine offers a delightful gastronomic experience.
The ancient city of Petra remained hidden from the Western world until 1812.
It was discovered by Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt, who disguised himself as an Arab to gain access to the site.
Jordan is a haven for adventure seekers.
From hiking in the Dana Biosphere Reserve to canyoning in Wadi Mujib, there are plenty of thrilling activities to satisfy your adventurous spirit.
The national flower of Jordan is the black iris.
The striking black iris is native to Jordan and is a protected species.
The ancient city of Petra was the capital of the Nabateans.
The Nabateans were an ancient Arab civilization known for their impressive architectural achievements, including the intricate rock-cut structures in Petra.
The Jordanian population is made up of diverse ethnic groups.
In addition to Jordanians, the country is home to Palestinians, Iraqis, Syrians, Bedouins, and a small number of Circassians and Armenians.
The Jordanian desert is teeming with fascinating wildlife.
From desert foxes and sand vipers to golden eagles and Nubian ibexes, the desert ecosystem is home to a diverse range of animal species.
Jordan is home to the Ajloun Castle.
This medieval Islamic fortress offers panoramic views of the surrounding countryside and served as a defense stronghold during the Crusades.
The Jordanian national flag is raised every morning at school and government offices.
This ceremony is an expression of national pride and unity.
The ancient city of Petra is best explored on foot.
Walking through the narrow Siq and discovering hidden treasures at every turn is an experience like no other.
Jordan’s education system is highly regarded.
The country places significant importance on education, and Jordanian universities are well-regarded both regionally and internationally.
The film “The Hurt Locker” was partially filmed in Jordan.
The country’s unique landscape and architectural wonders have made it a popular filming location for numerous Hollywood productions.
Jordan is home to the world’s oldest purpose-built church.
The Church of the Apostles in Madaba dates back to the 6th century and boasts an intricate mosaic map of the Holy Land.
The Jordanian desert is a stargazer’s paradise.
With its clear skies and minimal light pollution, the desert offers unparalleled opportunities for stargazing and marveling at the wonders of the cosmos.
Jordan has a rich literary heritage.
Renowned authors such as Tayeb Salih and Fadia Faqir have hailed from Jordan, contributing to the country’s vibrant literary scene.
The hospitality of the Bedouin people is legendary.
Bedouin traditions of hospitality and generosity have been passed down through generations, making visitors feel like honored guests.
From its ancient wonders to its warm and welcoming people, Jordan offers a truly unforgettable travel experience. Discover the 37 facts about Jordan mentioned above and immerse yourself in the rich heritage and natural beauty of this captivating country.
In conclusion, Jordan is a fascinating country with a rich history, vibrant culture, and breathtaking natural beauty. From the ancient ruins of Petra to the stunning landscapes of Wadi Rum, there is no shortage of incredible sights to explore. The warm hospitality of the Jordanian people and the delicious cuisine only add to the allure of this remarkable destination. Whether you’re interested in history, adventure, or simply soaking up the unique atmosphere, Jordan will not disappoint. Plan your trip to experience all that this captivating country has to offer and create memories to last a lifetime.
1. Is Jordan safe for tourists?
Yes, Jordan is generally safe for tourists. The country has a stable security situation, and the government has measures in place to ensure the safety of visitors. However, it is always recommended to stay updated with the latest travel advisories and take necessary precautions.
2. What is the best time to visit Jordan?
The best time to visit Jordan is during spring (April to May) and autumn (October to November) when the weather is pleasant, and temperatures are mild. However, each season has its own unique charm, so it ultimately depends on your preferences.
3. Do I need a visa to visit Jordan?
Most visitors to Jordan will need a visa. However, some nationalities are exempt from obtaining a visa or can obtain one upon arrival. It is advisable to check with the Embassy of Jordan or contact your nearest Jordanian consulate for the most up-to-date visa requirements.
4. What are the must-visit attractions in Jordan?
Jordan is home to many incredible attractions, but some of the must-visit ones include the ancient city of Petra, the Dead Sea, Wadi Rum, Jerash, and the Ma’in Hot Springs.
5. What currency is used in Jordan?
The official currency of Jordan is the Jordanian Dinar (JOD). It is advisable to have some cash on hand, but credit cards are widely accepted in most tourist areas.