Bernadine Downey

Bernadine Downey

Modified & Updated: 23 Sep 2023


Armenia, a landlocked country located in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia, is a treasure trove of rich history, breathtaking landscapes, and vibrant culture. From its ancient monasteries perched on rugged mountains to its vibrant capital city of Yerevan, Armenia offers a unique and fascinating experience for travelers and history enthusiasts alike.

In this article, we will uncover 42 fascinating facts about Armenia that delve into its past, present, and future. From its status as the first country to officially adopt Christianity to its delicious traditional cuisine, there is so much to learn and explore about this hidden gem nestled between Europe and Asia.

So buckle up and get ready to embark on a journey of discovery as we dive into the intriguing world of Armenia and uncover some lesser-known facts about this captivating country.

Table of Contents

Oldest Christian Country

Armenia is the first nation to adopt Christianity as its state religion, dating back to 301 AD. The Armenian Apostolic Church has a strong influence on the country’s culture and traditions.

Mount Ararat

The iconic Mount Ararat, located in eastern Turkey, is considered a national symbol of Armenia. According to biblical tradition, it is where Noah’s Ark landed after the Great Flood.

Yerevan: One of the Oldest Capitals

Yerevan, the capital of Armenia, is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. It boasts a history dating back over 2,800 years.

Rich Cultural Heritage

Armenia has a rich cultural heritage, expressed through its ancient architecture, traditional music, dance, and literature. The country’s cultural treasures continue to captivate visitors from around the world.

Apricots: The National Fruit

Armenia is known as the “Land of Apricots” and is considered the birthplace of this delicious fruit. Armenian apricots are famous for their exceptional taste and quality.

Lavash: UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage

Lavash, a soft and thin unleavened flatbread, holds a special place in Armenian cuisine. It has been recognized as an Intangible Cultural Heritage by UNESCO.

World’s Oldest Shoe

Armenia is home to the world’s oldest preserved shoe, known as the Areni-1 shoe. It dates back over 5,500 years and is displayed in the History Museum of Armenia.

Ancient Monasteries

Armenia is dotted with ancient monasteries and churches, many of which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites. These architectural marvels showcase the country’s spiritual heritage.

Cultural Center of Matenadaran

The Matenadaran is an ancient manuscript repository and research center in Yerevan. It houses one of the world’s richest collections of medieval manuscripts.

Mount Aragats: Highest Peak

Mount Aragats is the highest peak in Armenia, standing at an impressive height of 4,090 meters. It offers breathtaking views and is a popular destination for hikers and nature enthusiasts.

Silk Road Connection

Armenia played a crucial role as a strategic crossroads along the historic Silk Road, facilitating trade and cultural exchanges between East and West.

Healing Powers of Lake Sevan

Lake Sevan, one of the largest alpine lakes in the world, is renowned for its crystal-clear waters and therapeutic properties. It is a favorite summer getaway for locals and tourists.

Armenian Alphabet

The Armenian alphabet, created in the 5th century, has 39 unique characters. It is considered one of the most elegant and distinctive alphabets in the world.

Carpet Weaving Tradition

Armenia has a long-standing tradition of carpet weaving, producing intricate and beautiful designs that are widely recognized and valued in the global carpet industry.

Genocide Remembrance

Armenia commemorates the Armenian Genocide every year on April 24th to honor the memory of the victims who lost their lives during the tragic events of 1915.

Wine Production

Armenia has a 6,000-year-old wine culture and is known for its high-quality wines. The country’s unique vineyards and indigenous grape varieties contribute to the exceptional taste.

Tatev Monastery and the Wings of Tatev

Tatev Monastery, perched on a steep cliff in the Syunik Province, is a medieval architectural masterpiece. The Wings of Tatev, the world’s longest reversible cable car, provides a breathtaking journey to reach the monastery.

Famous Armenian Dishes

Armenian cuisine offers an array of mouthwatering dishes, such as dolma (stuffed grape leaves), khorovats (Armenian barbecue), and harissa (a traditional porridge).

Symbolic National Emblem

The coat of arms of Armenia features Mount Ararat with Noah’s Ark resting on its peak, symbolizing the country’s deep connection to its ancient roots.

Chess Culture

Armenia has a strong chess culture and has produced several world-class chess players. The game is highly regarded and widely played throughout the country.

Traditional Dance: Kochari

Kochari, a traditional Armenian dance, is recognized as an intangible cultural heritage by UNESCO. It is often performed during festive occasions and celebrations.

Oldest Known Winery

The world’s oldest known winery, Areni-1, dating back to 4100 BC, was discovered in Armenia. It provides evidence of winemaking traditions that span thousands of years.

Lake Sevan: The Blue Pearl of Armenia

Lake Sevan is often referred to as the “Blue Pearl of Armenia” due to its mesmerizing blue waters and picturesque surroundings. It is a popular tourist attraction.

UNESCO World Heritage Sites

Armenia is home to several UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including Geghard Monastery, Haghpat Monastery, and the Cathedral and Churches of Echmiadzin and the Archaeological Site of Zvartnots.

Sympathetic Gesture of Mount Ararat

Mount Ararat, despite being located in Turkey, can be viewed from many parts of Armenia, serving as a symbolic connection between the two nations.

Khachkars: Cross-Stones

Armenia is famous for its intricately carved khachkars, also known as cross-stones, which are unique to Armenian culture and can be found throughout the country.

Hospitality and Warmth

Armenians are known for their warm hospitality and welcoming nature. Visitors to Armenia often experience genuine kindness and generosity from the locals.

Traditional Musical Instrument: Duduk

The duduk, a woodwind instrument made of apricot wood, holds a special place in Armenian music. Its hauntingly beautiful sound is recognized globally.

Garni Temple: A Pagan Jewel

The Garni Temple, built in the 1st century AD, is the only remaining pagan temple in Armenia. It stands as a testament to the country’s pre-Christian era.

Noah’s Ark

Mount Ararat’s association with Noah’s Ark has led to numerous searches for the biblical vessel on its slopes. The story continues to intrigue and inspire explorers.

UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage: Duduk

The soulful music of the duduk has been recognized as an Intangible Cultural Heritage by UNESCO, highlighting its significance in Armenian culture.

Silk Cocoon: Symbol of Prosperity

The silk cocoon, depicted on Armenian banknotes, is a symbol of prosperity and represents the country’s strong silk production industry.

Language Connection: Indo-European Family

The Armenian language belongs to the Indo-European language family, making it distinct from its neighboring countries in the Caucasus region.

Debed Canyon: Nature’s Beauty

The Debed Canyon, located in northern Armenia, is a breathtaking natural wonder with picturesque landscapes, ancient monasteries, and cascading waterfalls.

Symbolic Flower: Armenian Orchid

The Armenian orchid, also known as Orchis anatolica, is a symbol of beauty and resilience. It is unique to Armenia and can be found in various regions of the country.

Traditional Costume: Taraz

Taraz is the traditional Armenian costume, characterized by vibrant colors, intricate patterns, and elaborate embroidery. It represents the cultural identity of Armenians.

Lake Sevan: Ecological Importance

Lake Sevan is not only a stunning natural attraction but also plays a crucial role in preserving biodiversity and maintaining the ecological balance of the region.

Birthplace of Famous Personalities

Armenia has been the birthplace of many renowned individuals, including world chess champion Tigran Petrosian, artist Arshile Gorky, and composer Aram Khachaturian.

Symbolic Stone Cross: Khachkar Monument

The khachkar, a stone cross monument, is a quintessential symbol of Armenian Christianity. These intricately carved cross-stones are unique to Armenian culture and can be found in churches and cemeteries.

International Success in Chess

Armenia is known for its exceptional chess players. The country has won numerous world championship titles and is highly regarded as a force to be reckoned with in the chess world.

Noravank Monastery

Noravank Monastery, nestled amidst stunning red rock formations, is a masterpiece of medieval Armenian architecture. It stands as a testament to human creativity and devotion.

Land of Eternal Fire

Armenia is often referred to as the “Land of Eternal Fire” due to its abundance of natural hot springs and mineral-rich thermal waters, known for their healing properties.

Armenia, with its vibrant culture, ancient history, and breathtaking landscapes, offers a truly captivating experience for travelers. Whether you explore the ancient monasteries, indulge in the local cuisine, or immerse yourself in the warmth of Armenian hospitality, this country will leave an indelible mark on your heart.

Discover the wonders of Armenia and unlock the secrets of its rich heritage. Plan your visit to this enchanting land and experience the “42 Facts about Armenia” firsthand.


Armenia is a fascinating country with a rich history, stunning landscapes, and warm-hearted people. From its ancient archaeological sites to its vibrant culture and traditions, there is so much to discover in this hidden gem of the Caucasus region. Whether you’re exploring the monasteries of Tatev or admiring the breathtaking beauty of Lake Sevan, Armenia offers a truly unique and unforgettable experience. Indulge in the delicious Armenian cuisine, immerse yourself in the vibrant markets of Yerevan, or trek through the rugged mountains for a taste of adventure. Whatever your preferences may be, Armenia will captivate you with its charm and leave you with memories that will last a lifetime.


1. What is the capital city of Armenia?

The capital city of Armenia is Yerevan, which is also the largest city in the country.

2. What is the official language of Armenia?

The official language of Armenia is Armenian.

3. Is Armenia a safe country to visit?

Yes, Armenia is considered a safe country for tourists. The locals are known for their hospitality and the crime rate is relatively low.

4. What is the currency of Armenia?

The currency of Armenia is the Armenian Dram (AMD).

5. When is the best time to visit Armenia?

The best time to visit Armenia is during the spring (April to June) and autumn (September and October) when the weather is mild and the landscapes are at their most picturesque.

6. Is there a visa requirement for visiting Armenia?

Many countries have visa-free or visa-on-arrival arrangements with Armenia. It is always best to check with the nearest Armenian embassy or consulate regarding your specific visa requirements.

7. What are some must-visit attractions in Armenia?

Some must-visit attractions in Armenia include the ancient monastery of Geghard, the historical site of Echmiadzin, the Garni Temple, and the stunning Dilijan National Park.

8. Can I hike in the mountains of Armenia?

Yes, Armenia is a great destination for hiking enthusiasts. The country offers a variety of scenic trails, including the popular hikes to Mount Aragats and the Transcaucasian Trail.

9. What are some traditional dishes of Armenia?

Some traditional dishes of Armenia include dolma (stuffed grape leaves), khorovats (Armenian barbecue), lavash (thin bread), and khash (a hearty soup made with cow’s feet).

10. Is English widely spoken in Armenia?

While Armenian is the main language spoken in Armenia, English is commonly spoken in tourist areas and by the younger generation.