Modified & Updated: 07 Oct 2023

Hot Springs National Park

Nestled in the picturesque state of Arkansas, Hot Springs National Park is a captivating destination that combines natural beauty with rich history. From its therapeutic hot springs to its stunning landscapes, this national park offers a unique experience for visitors. Let’s dive into 19 fascinating facts that will unveil the wonders of Hot Springs National Park.

Table of Contents

The Oldest National Park

Hot Springs National Park holds the distinction of being the oldest national park in the United States. Established in 1832, it predates Yellowstone National Park by 40 years.

Ancient Hot Springs

The park is renowned for its natural hot springs, which have been flowing for thousands of years. These thermal waters emerge from the ground at an average temperature of 143°F (62°C).

Healing Waters

The hot springs in this park are believed to possess healing properties due to their high mineral content. People have sought their therapeutic benefits for centuries, making Hot Springs National Park a popular wellness destination.

Historic Bathhouses

Hot Springs National Park features elegant bathhouses that were built in the early 20th century. These beautiful structures served as social gathering places and allowed visitors to indulge in the healing waters.

Quapaw Baths & Spa

One of the historic bathhouses, the Quapaw Baths, still operates as a modern-day spa. Visitors can relax and rejuvenate in its soothing thermal pools, continuing the tradition of wellness established long ago.

The Grand Promenade

Offering a scenic stroll, the Grand Promenade is a half-mile brick pathway that winds through the heart of the park. Lined with magnolia trees, it provides stunning views of the surrounding landscape.

Hiking Trails Galore

Hot Springs National Park boasts an extensive network of hiking trails, allowing visitors to explore its diverse terrain. From leisurely walks to challenging hikes, there’s a trail for every level of adventurer.

Historic Baseball Field

Within the park, you’ll find the historic Hot Springs Baseball Trail. This trail showcases the locations where many baseball legends, including Babe Ruth and Jackie Robinson, trained during spring training.

Protected Wildlife

The park is home to a variety of wildlife species, including white-tailed deer, bobcats, and a diverse array of bird species. Visitors may catch glimpses of these fascinating creatures while exploring the park’s trails.

The Hot Springs Mountain Tower

For breathtaking panoramic views, visitors can ascend the Hot Springs Mountain Tower. Standing at 216 feet (66 meters) tall, this observation tower offers stunning vistas of the surrounding Ouachita Mountains and the city of Hot Springs.

Sunny view of the Hot Springs Mountain Tower
Image from Adobe Stock

Unique Geological Features

Hot Springs National Park is known for its unique geological features, such as the “Hot Springs Fault.” This fault line is responsible for the creation of the thermal springs that have made the park famous.

Bathhouse Row

Bathhouse Row is a collection of eight historic bathhouses located in the heart of the park. These architectural gems are a testament to the park’s rich history and are worth exploring for their beauty and historical significance.

National Historic Landmark District

Designated as a National Historic Landmark District in 1987, Bathhouse Row represents a remarkable collection of bathhouses that exemplify the “Golden Age of Bathing.”

Brewing Tradition

Hot Springs has a deep-rooted brewing tradition. The city was once home to numerous breweries that catered to the visitors seeking relaxation in the hot springs. Today, this brewing legacy continues with craft breweries in the area.

Outdoor Recreation

In addition to hiking, the park offers various outdoor activities, including camping, picnicking, fishing, and boating. With its serene lakes and picturesque landscapes, it’s an ideal destination for nature enthusiasts.

Hot Springs Mountain Drive

Hot Springs Mountain Drive is a scenic 5-mile (8 km) road that winds its way up Hot Springs Mountain. Along the way, visitors can enjoy breathtaking views and access trailheads leading to stunning vistas.

Cultural Heritage

Hot Springs National Park has a rich cultural heritage. The park preserves and celebrates the history of the Native American tribes that inhabited the area, as well as the spa culture that developed in the late 19th century.

Famed Gangsters’ Hideout

During the prohibition era, Hot Springs National Park served as a popular hideout for notorious gangsters, including Al Capone. The park’s thermal waters and relaxed atmosphere provided an ideal sanctuary for those seeking to evade the law.

Annual Hot Springs Documentary Film Festival

Hot Springs National Park is also known for hosting the Annual Hot Springs Documentary Film Festival, the longest-running all-documentary film festival in North America. This event attracts filmmakers and enthusiasts from around the world.


Hot Springs National Park continues to captivate visitors with its healing waters, stunning landscapes, and rich history. Whether you seek relaxation, outdoor adventures, or a glimpse into the past, this remarkable park offers an unforgettable experience.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Can you swim in the hot springs at Hot Springs National Park?

Yes, visitors can enjoy the thermal waters at the Quapaw Baths & Spa, which is one of the historic bathhouses operating as a modern-day spa.

Are there any camping facilities in Hot Springs National Park?

Yes, the park offers camping facilities at Gulpha Gorge Campground. It provides a serene environment for overnight stays amidst the beauty of nature.

How long does it take to hike the trails in Hot Springs National Park?

The duration of hikes in the park can vary depending on the trail chosen. There are trails suitable for short walks as well as longer hikes that can take several hours.

Are there any guided tours available in Hot Springs National Park?

Yes, the park offers guided tours that provide insights into the history, geology, and natural features of Hot Springs National Park. These tours are a great way to enhance your visit.

Can I bring my pets to Hot Springs National Park?

Yes, pets are allowed in certain areas of the park, but they must be kept on a leash at all times. It’s important to respect the park’s regulations and clean up after your pets.