Lisbeth Schulz

Lisbeth Schulz

Published: 13 Sep 2023


Knossos, located on the island of Crete in Greece, is a historical site that has captivated the imagination of archaeologists and history enthusiasts for centuries. This ancient city, dating back to the Bronze Age, is renowned for its grand palace complex and rich cultural heritage. Knossos is not just a collection of ruins; it is a window into the sophisticated Minoan civilization that once thrived in the Mediterranean. In this article, we will explore 14 astounding facts about Knossos that shed light on its significance and appeal. From its labyrinthine layout to its vibrant frescoes and mysterious rites, Knossos continues to unravel the secrets of a bygone era. Let’s embark on a journey through time and delve into the fascinating world of Knossos!

Table of Contents

The Minoans were the builders of Knossos.

Knossos was a significant ancient city located on the island of Crete in Greece. It was home to the Minoan civilization, one of the most advanced and influential societies of the Bronze Age.

Knossos is considered Europe’s oldest city.

With a history dating back over 9,000 years, Knossos predates many of Europe’s other established cities, serving as a testament to the rich cultural heritage of the region.

The palace of Knossos was the center of Minoan civilization.

The magnificent palace complex in Knossos served as the political and cultural hub of the Minoans. It showcased their advanced architecture, intricate artwork, and prosperous way of life.

The palace of Knossos had advanced plumbing systems.

An astonishing feat of engineering, the palace of Knossos had an elaborate water management system, featuring clay pipes and flushing toilets that carried wastewater away from the buildings.

Knossos was associated with the legendary Minotaur and the Labyrinth.

According to Greek mythology, King Minos ruled over Knossos and kept a half-man, half-bull creature known as the Minotaur in a labyrinth beneath the palace.

Knossos had a thriving economy based on trade and agriculture.

The Minoans were skilled traders who established a vast network of trade routes, connecting Knossos with other ancient civilizations. They also excelled in agriculture, producing olives, wine, and grains.

The ruins of Knossos were rediscovered in the late 19th century.

After centuries of being lost to history, the ancient city of Knossos was rediscovered by British archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans in His excavations unveiled the remarkable remnants of a once-glorious civilization.

The frescoes of Knossos reveal stunning artistic mastery.

The walls of the palace in Knossos were adorned with vibrant frescoes depicting various scenes of Minoan life, from religious ceremonies to daily activities. These artworks provide valuable insights into their culture and aesthetics.

Knossos had a complex and sophisticated writing system.

The Minoans developed a hieroglyphic script known as Linear A, which remains largely undeciphered to this day. This writing system was used for administrative purposes in Knossos and other Minoan centers.

The throne room in Knossos was adorned with a symbolic throne.

Found within the palace complex, the throne room of Knossos contained a beautiful stone chair known as the “Throne of Minos,” representing the power and authority of the ruler.

Knossos had a strategic location for maritime activities.

Situated along the northern coast of Crete, Knossos was strategically positioned for maritime trade and navigation. Its harbor allowed for the safe docking of ships and facilitated international exchange.

The Minoans of Knossos were skilled artisans.

Artistic expression was highly valued in Minoan society, and the artisans of Knossos crafted exquisite pottery, jewelry, and metalwork, showcasing their exceptional craftsmanship and creativity.

Knossos was destroyed by a catastrophic event.

Archaeological evidence suggests that Knossos, along with other Minoan cities, was devastated by a massive volcanic eruption on the nearby island of Santorini, leading to the decline of the Minoan civilization.

Knossos remains an archaeological treasure and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Today, the ruins of Knossos continue to captivate visitors with their rich historical significance. The site has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, preserving its cultural importance for future generations.


Knossos is a mesmerizing archaeological site that holds many secrets and surprises for visitors. With its rich history and astonishing facts, it truly is a must-visit destination for history enthusiasts and travelers alike. From the advanced engineering marvels to the fascinating legends and stories, Knossos offers an unforgettable experience that transports you back in time.

Exploring the labyrinthine palace, witnessing the intricate frescoes, and marveling at the impressive throne room, it’s easy to see why Knossos is considered one of the most significant archaeological finds of the 20th century. The mysteries surrounding its ancient civilization and the intricate details of Minoan life continue to captivate and intrigue researchers and visitors.

Whether it’s delving into the mythical tales of King Minos and the Minotaur or marveling at the advanced architectural techniques of the Minoans, Knossos is a treasure trove of wonders waiting to be discovered. So, don’t miss the chance to immerse yourself in the fascinating world of Knossos and be amazed by its astounding history.


1. What is Knossos?

Knossos is an ancient archaeological site located on the island of Crete, Greece. It is famous for the ruins of the Minoan Palace of Knossos, which dates back to the Bronze Age.

2. Who discovered Knossos?

Knossos was discovered by British archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans in the early 20th century. His excavations and restoration work brought the ruins of Knossos to light.

3. How old is Knossos?

Knossos dates back to the Neolithic period, but the palace complex was built around 1900 B.C. and was a flourishing center during the Minoan civilization.

4. What is the significance of Knossos?

Knossos is considered the largest Bronze Age archaeological site in Crete and has provided valuable insights into the Minoan civilization. It offers a unique glimpse into ancient Greek history and culture.

5. Can I visit Knossos?

Yes, Knossos is open to visitors. You can explore the ruins, view the ancient artifacts, and learn about the fascinating history of the Minoans. Guided tours are also available for a more in-depth experience.