Titanium Facts

Michael Bryan

04 Jan 2020

titanium crystal bar
Table of Contents
  1. Titanium atoms have 22 electrons.
  2. Titanium atoms have 22 protons.
  3. Titanium is classified as a transition metal.
  4. Titanium’s symbol in the period table is Ti.
  5. Titanium is the first element in the 4th column of the periodic table.
  1. Titanium’s atomic number is 22.
  2. The atomic weight of titanium is 47.867. Furthermore, its density is 4.506 grams per cm cubed.
  3. The melting point of titanium is 1668°C or 3034°F.
  4. The boiling point of titanium is 3287°C or 5949°F.
  5. In general, titanium’s best asset is its strength-to-weight ratio. Titanium is very strong, yet it’s very light.
  6. Titanium is twice as strong as aluminum.
  7. Titanium weighs lighter than steel. But above all, it’s as strong as steel.
  8. Titanium has a tensile strength of 63,000 PSI.
  9. Titanium is known for being corrosion/rust-resistant.
  10. Titanium is found in minerals such as rutile, ilmenite, and sphene. Most titanium productions are located in China, Russia, Japan, and Kazakhstan.
  1. Titanium is weakly magnetic, also known as paramagnetism. Paramagnetism is a form of magnetism where materials are weakly attracted by an externally applied magnetic field.
  2. The titanium ore is a mineable ore that yields titanium bars when smelted at an Industrial Furnace.
  3. China is the largest titanium producer in the world. Above all, China has the world’s largest titanium reserves.
  4. Titanium is the 9th most abundant element in the Earth’s crust.
  5. Titanium is the only element that will burn in pure nitrogen gas.

William Gregor discovered the titanium in the year 1791.

In 1791, William Gregor (British clergyman and mineralogist) discovered titanium. Moreover, Willam Gregor was born on Christmas day (December 25, 1761) and died on June 11, 1817, due to tuberculosis. Above all, Willam Gregor enjoyed studying minerals as a hobby and named the element “Menachanite”. However, the name titanium was credited to Martin Heinrich Klaproth after his rediscovery.

man holding titanium
Photo from Getty Images

Martin Heinrich Klaproth named the titanium element.

Martin Heinrich Klaproth (German chemist) named the titanium element after the Titans of Greek mythology. Furthermore, Klaproth also discovered other elements such as uranium, zirconium, and cerium. Klaproth was born on December 1, 1743, and died at the age of 73 in on New Year’s Day, January 1, 1817.

Matthew Hunter produced the first pure titanium.

Matthew Hunter, a metallurgist from Auckland, New Zealand, produced the first pure titanium in the year 1910. On the other hand, Matthew Hunter produced 99.9% pure titanium in a technique that’s called the Hunter Process. The process involves reducing titanium tetrachloride with sodium in a batch reactor with a temperature of 1,000°C.

Nuclear wastes are stored in titanium containers.

The storage of nuclear wastes is titanium containers. The corrosion resistance of these titanium containers can last up to 100,000 years. Thus, it provides long term storage for hazardous radiations of the nuclear wastes.

Titanium became the metal of choice for prosthetics.

Titanium was first introduced into surgeries in the 1950s and became the metal of choice for prosthetics. For this reason, titanium suddenly became an important part of biomedical implants. Titanium’s anti-corrosion properties made it “biocompatible” for the human body.

Titanium is used to build strong aircraft and ships.

titanium for airplanes
Photo from Getty Images

One of the main use of titanium is for aerospace or aircraft where strong, lightweight and non-corrosive materials is a must. It is also ideal for ships due to its resistance to seawater. Titanium’s corrosion rate is extremely slow that is would take over a thousand years in seawater before the corrosion can start to penetrate.

There are different grades of titanium.

In general, titanium is a hard, shiny, strong metal at room temperature. But in contrast to the belief of many, titanium has different grades of its kind. Furthermore, titanium grade 1 titanium is the softest and most ductile. On the other hand, the grade 4 titanium has the strongest corrosive resistance.

Titanium costs around $30 per pound.

Titanium costs around $30 per pound, making it more expensive than other metals mainly because of its rarity and its hard manufacturing procedure. However, white gold is still more expensive than titanium.

Titanium is also a good alternative for traditional jewelry.

Titanium jewelry is considered a valuable investment because it lasts and maintains its appearance for a lifetime. In contrast to the gold jewelry, titanium does not bend, break or melt under regular conditions. Above all, engraving the titanium jewelry is also possible by using the laser engraver.

Titanium Man is a fictional supervillain under Marvel.

marvel titanium man
Image from YouTube

Titanium Man is a fictional supervillain created under Marvel. In the year 1965, Titanium Man appeared in Tales of Suspense from its creator Stan Lee and Don Heck. Furthermore, Titanium Man uses a green armor that is very similar to Iron Man. From there, the fictional supervillain gained the popularity that resulted in his own video games as an enemy boss, he also appeared in television and action toy figures.

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