Gerrie Roof

Gerrie Roof

Modified & Updated: 08 Sep 2023


Auroras, also known as the Northern Lights and Southern Lights, have captivated human imagination for centuries. These mesmerizing displays of light in the sky can be seen near the Earth’s polar regions and are caused by interactions between the Earth’s magnetic field and charged particles from the sun. While they have been observed and studied by scientists, there still remains a certain level of mystique surrounding these celestial phenomena.

In this article, we will uncover 11 enigmatic facts about auroras, shedding light on their origin, characteristics, and the legends associated with them. From the vibrant colors they paint across the night sky to the intriguing myths and beliefs they have inspired, auroras continue to bewilder and awe us.

Table of Contents

The Aurora Borealis and Aurora Australis.

The Aurora Borealis, also known as the Northern Lights, and the Aurora Australis, known as the Southern Lights, are mesmerizing celestial light displays that occur in the polar regions. These breathtaking phenomena are a result of interactions between the Earth’s magnetic field and charged particles from the Sun.

The colors of the Aurora.

One of the most fascinating aspects of the Aurora is its vibrant colors. The lights can appear in various hues, including green, red, yellow, blue, and even purple. The specific colors depend on the atmospheric gases present and the altitude at which the particles collide with the Earth’s atmosphere.

The significance of the names.

The name “Aurora Borealis” comes from the Roman goddess of dawn, Aurora, and the Greek word for the north wind, Boreas. Similarly, the name “Aurora Australis” is derived from Aurora and the Latin word for southern, Australis. These names reflect the awe-inspiring beauty and ethereal nature of these natural phenomena.

The best time to witness the Aurora.

The optimal time to witness the Aurora is during the winter months in the Northern and Southern Hemisphere. This is when the nights are longer, providing more darkness for the lights to be visible. Additionally, being in a location with minimal light pollution and clear skies enhances the chances of observing the Aurora.

The role of solar activity.

The intensity and frequency of Aurora displays are influenced by solar activity. When the Sun releases an increased amount of charged particles in the form of solar winds, it creates more spectacular Aurora displays. The Sun operates on an 11-year solar cycle, with periods of heightened activity called solar maximums.

The dancing lights.

One of the most captivating aspects of the Aurora is its dynamic and ever-changing nature. The lights appear to dance across the sky, creating a mesmerizing display of swirling patterns and movement. This phenomenon is caused by the Earth’s magnetic field guiding the charged particles along specific paths.

The ancient myths and legends.

Throughout history, various cultures have woven myths and legends around the Aurora. In Norse mythology, it was believed that the lights were the gods’ reflections playing across the sky. In Finnish folklore, the lights were thought to be caused by the firefox, a mystical creature that ran swiftly across the snow.

The Aurora in different latitudes.

While the most well-known locations to witness the Aurora are near the Arctic and Antarctic circles, these celestial marvels can be seen at lower latitudes during periods of high solar activity. This means that even regions like Canada, Iceland, Scotland, and even parts of the United States have a chance of experiencing the Aurora.

The impact on wildlife.

The Aurora is not only a spectacle for humans but also for wildlife. Some animals, such as reindeer and foxes, have been observed to change their behavior and become more active during Aurora displays. It is believed that they are somehow attuned to the spiritual and magnetic energy associated with the lights.

The scientific study of the Aurora.

Scientists and researchers study the Aurora to gain a deeper understanding of Earth’s magnetic field, our planet’s interaction with the Sun, and the broader field of space weather. By analyzing the colors, patterns, and movements of the lights, they can gather valuable data to unravel the mysteries of this stunning phenomenon.

The human fascination with the Aurora.

For centuries, humans have been captivated by the Aurora’s magical beauty. Artists, poets, and photographers have sought to capture its elusive essence, while travelers from around the world embark on Arctic and Antarctic expeditions in hopes of witnessing this awe-inspiring spectacle firsthand. The Aurora continues to inspire wonder and awe in all who have the privilege of witnessing its enigmatic dance across the night sky.


In conclusion, auroras, also known as the Northern Lights or Southern Lights, are undoubtedly one of the most captivating natural phenomena on Earth. These mesmerizing displays of light in the sky have intrigued and fascinated humanity for centuries. From their stunning colors and shapes to their enigmatic nature, auroras continue to amaze scientists and individuals alike. Whether you have the opportunity to witness an aurora firsthand or simply read about them, there is no denying the magic and allure that these cosmic spectacles hold.


1. What causes the Northern Lights?

The Northern Lights, or auroras, are created when charged particles from the Sun’s solar wind interact with the Earth’s magnetic field.

2. Why are auroras sometimes different colors?

Auroras can come in various colors depending on the type of gas molecules present in the Earth’s atmosphere. Oxygen molecules typically produce green and red auroras, while nitrogen molecules can create blue and purple hues.

3. Can you see the auroras from both the Northern and Southern hemispheres?

Yes, auroras can be seen in both the Northern Hemisphere (Northern Lights) and the Southern Hemisphere (Southern Lights). However, the Northern Lights are more commonly observed due to the higher population density in the northern regions.

4. Where is the best place to see the Northern Lights?

Some of the best places to see the Northern Lights include Alaska, Canada (Yukon and Northwest Territories), Iceland, Norway, and Sweden. These regions offer dark skies and optimal viewing conditions.

5. How often do auroras occur?

Auroras are more likely to occur during periods of high solar activity, which happens roughly every 11 years. However, they can be observed intermittently even during solar minimum periods.

6. Are the Southern Lights as spectacular as the Northern Lights?

Yes, the Southern Lights can be just as spectacular as the Northern Lights. Although they are less frequently observed due to their location in the Southern Hemisphere, they still showcase a captivating display of light and color.