Juditha Palafox

Written by Juditha Palafox

Modified & Updated: 02 Mar 2024

Jessica Corbett

Reviewed by Jessica Corbett

Source: Edition.cnn.com

Canada, the second largest country in the world by land area, is renowned for its stunning natural landscapes, diverse culture, and friendly people. From the rugged Rocky Mountains to the vast prairies, pristine lakes, and vibrant cities, Canada offers something for everyone. Whether you’re a nature enthusiast, a history buff, or a food lover, this magnificent country has it all.

In this article, we will explore 46 fascinating facts about Canada that will leave you amazed and curious to learn more. From unique geographical features to interesting cultural traditions, Canada’s rich history and modern-day offerings are sure to captivate your imagination.

So, grab your maple syrup and be prepared to discover the wonders of the Great White North as we delve into this exciting collection of facts about Canada.

Key Takeaways:

  • Canada is a vast and diverse country with the longest coastline, stunning natural beauty, and a rich cultural mosaic. From the majestic Canadian Rockies to the iconic Maple Leaf flag, there’s something for everyone to explore and enjoy.
  • With a bilingual national anthem, thriving film industry, and commitment to environmental conservation, Canada is a country of innovation and inclusivity. Whether you’re a nature lover, food enthusiast, or space exploration enthusiast, Canada has something for everyone to discover and appreciate.
Table of Contents

Canada has the longest coastline in the world.

Stretching over 202,080 kilometers, Canada boasts a breathtaking coastline that borders the Atlantic, Pacific, and Arctic Oceans.

The name “Canada” originates from the Huron-Iroquois word “kanata,” meaning village or settlement.

When French explorer Jacques Cartier arrived in present-day Quebec, the indigenous people used the term to refer to their village, which eventually became the name of the entire country.

Canada is the second-largest country in the world by land area.

Covering approximately 9.98 million square kilometers, Canada is only slightly smaller than Russia.

The Canadian flag, known as the Maple Leaf, was adopted in 1965.

The red and white flag with a stylized maple leaf at the center is a powerful symbol of Canadian identity and unity.

Canada has more lakes than any other country in the world.

With an estimated 2 million lakes, Canada is home to approximately 20% of the world’s freshwater resources.

Ice hockey is Canada’s national winter sport.

The passion for ice hockey runs deep in the hearts of Canadians, with the sport being a significant part of their cultural heritage.

Canada has a bilingual national anthem, “O Canada,” in English and French.

The anthem, adopted in 1980, showcases Canada’s commitment to both its English and French-speaking citizens.

Canada has the longest undefended border in the world, spanning 8,891 kilometers.

The border between Canada and the United States is the longest in the world and remains undefended by military forces.

Canada has a total of 10 provinces and 3 territories.

The provinces are Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and Saskatchewan. The territories are Northwest Territories, Nunavut, and Yukon.

The official languages of Canada are English and French.

Both English and French have equal status and are widely spoken throughout the country.

The CN Tower in Toronto is one of the tallest freestanding structures in the world.

Standing at a height of 553.33 meters, the CN Tower offers stunning panoramic views of the city.

Canada has a population of over 37 million people.

Despite its vast land area, Canada has a relatively small population compared to its size.

The Canadian Rockies are a majestic mountain range that spans across Alberta and British Columbia.

Known for their stunning peaks, glaciers, and turquoise-colored lakes, the Canadian Rockies attract visitors from around the world.

Niagara Falls, located on the border between Canada and the United States, is one of the world’s most famous natural wonders.

The breathtaking beauty and power of Niagara Falls attract millions of tourists each year.

Canada is home to the world’s largest number of polar bears.

The Arctic regions of Canada provide a habitat for around 60% of the global polar bear population.

The national animal of Canada is the beaver, known for its industrious nature.

The beaver has long been a symbol of Canada’s history and is featured on the Canadian nickel coin.

Canada is known for its diverse and multicultural society.

People from all over the world have made Canada their home, contributing to its vibrant and inclusive social fabric.

Canada has 48 national parks and reserves.

These protected areas showcase the country’s stunning natural landscapes and diverse ecosystems.

Tim Hortons, a popular Canadian coffee and donut chain, has become an iconic part of Canadian culture.

Their famous “double-double” coffee and Timbits (bite-sized donut holes) are beloved by Canadians nationwide.

Canada is the world’s largest producer of maple syrup.

The maple leaf on the Canadian flag is a tribute to this sweet and delicious Canadian treasure.

Canadian bacon, also known as back bacon, is a popular breakfast food in Canada.

It is often served as a part of the classic Canadian dish, “poutine,” which consists of French fries topped with cheese curds and gravy.

Canada operates one of the largest national rail networks in the world, spanning thousands of kilometers.

VIA Rail Canada provides passenger rail service across the country, offering breathtaking views of Canada’s landscapes.

The province of Quebec is known for its vibrant French-speaking culture.

Quebec City, the provincial capital, is the only fortified city in North America north of Mexico and is a UNESCO World Heritage site.

The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) is Canada’s federal and national law enforcement agency.

They are known for their iconic red serge uniforms and wide-brimmed Stetson hats.

Montreal, the largest city in Quebec, is renowned for its lively arts and music scene.

The city hosts numerous festivals throughout the year, including the International Jazz Festival and the Just for Laughs comedy festival.

Canada has a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy.

The reigning monarch of Canada is Queen Elizabeth II, who is represented in Canada by the Governor General.

The Canadian currency is the Canadian dollar (CAD).

It is marked by various symbols, including the loonie (one-dollar coin) and the toonie (two-dollar coin).

Canada has a high standard of living and is consistently ranked among the top countries in the world for quality of life.

Factors such as healthcare, education, and a safe environment contribute to Canada’s high standard of living.

Canada is known for its stunning natural beauty, including vast forests, breathtaking mountains, and expansive coastlines.

Exploring Canada’s outdoors is a favorite pastime for many Canadians and visitors alike.

The Canadian Rockies are home to Banff National Park, Canada’s oldest national park.

It offers picturesque landscapes, turquoise lakes, and diverse wildlife, including bears, elk, and mountain goats.

Canada is a leading producer of various natural resources, including timber, minerals, and oil.

Its rich resources contribute significantly to the country’s economy.

The Calgary Stampede is a world-famous annual rodeo and exhibition held in Calgary, Alberta.

It attracts visitors from around the globe who come to witness thrilling rodeo events, live entertainment, and delicious Western cuisine.

The Canadian Football League (CFL) is the highest level of Canadian football.

It has a unique set of rules and features teams from across the country.

Canada has a universal healthcare system that provides essential medical services to all Canadian residents.

This ensures that Canadians have access to necessary healthcare without facing financial hardship.

Canada celebrates Thanksgiving on the second Monday of October.

It is a time for Canadians to express gratitude for the harvest and blessings of the year.

The province of British Columbia is famous for its stunning coastline, ancient rainforests, and abundant wildlife.

It offers a wide range of outdoor activities, including hiking, skiing, and whale watching.

Canada has a thriving film industry, with cities like Toronto and Vancouver often referred to as “Hollywood North.”

Many Hollywood productions choose to film in Canada due to its diverse locations and talented film crews.

The Bay of Fundy, located between New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, has the highest tides in the world.

These dramatic tidal changes create a unique and captivating natural phenomenon.

The Canadian Museum of History in Gatineau, Quebec, is the most visited museum in Canada.

It showcases the rich history and culture of Canada’s indigenous peoples and diverse communities.

Canada is home to some of the world’s most breathtaking waterfalls, including Athabasca Falls, Horseshoe Falls, and Kakabeka Falls.

These natural wonders attract visitors from all over the world.

The province of Alberta is known for its stunning national parks, including Banff, Jasper, and Waterton Lakes.

These parks offer pristine wilderness, majestic mountains, and an abundance of wildlife.

Canada has a rich indigenous culture, with First Nations, Inuit, and Métis peoples contributing to the country’s cultural mosaic.

Their traditions, languages, and art deeply influence Canadian society.

The Toronto International Film Festival (TIFF) is one of the largest and most prestigious film festivals in the world.

It showcases a wide array of films from both Canadian and international filmmakers.

Canada has a strong emphasis on environmental conservation and sustainability.

The country is committed to preserving its natural resources and mitigating the effects of climate change.

Montreal is known for its vibrant culinary scene and diverse cuisine, including poutine, bagels, and smoked meat sandwiches.

Food lovers flock to Montreal to savor its unique and delicious offerings.

Canada has a strong presence in the space exploration field and has contributed to numerous international space missions.

Canadian astronauts, such as Chris Hadfield and Roberta Bondar, have made significant contributions to space exploration.

These 46 facts about Canada showcase the country’s vast landscapes, rich cultural heritage, and commitment to innovation and sustainability. From its stunning natural wonders to its vibrant cities, Canada offers something for everyone to explore and enjoy. So, whether you’re planning a visit or simply want to learn more, delve into the wonders of the Great White North!


Canada is a country filled with fascinating facts that make it truly unique. From its breathtaking landscapes to its diverse multiculturalism, Canada has something to offer everyone. Whether it’s the stunning Niagara Falls, the vast wilderness of Banff National Park, or the bilingual cities of Montreal and Québec, there is no shortage of incredible experiences to be had.With a rich history and a strong sense of national pride, Canadians are known for being friendly, polite, and welcoming. The country’s commitment to the environment is evident in its numerous national parks and conservation efforts. And let’s not forget about Canada’s love for hockey and maple syrup!As the second-largest country in the world, Canada boasts a wealth of natural resources and an economy that is thriving in various sectors. With a high standard of living and a commitment to social welfare, Canada has consistently ranked among the top countries in terms of quality of life.Whether you’re exploring the bustling streets of Toronto, admiring the stunning aurora borealis in the northern territories, or enjoying the laid-back vibes of Vancouver, Canada offers endless possibilities for adventure and exploration.


1. What is the official language of Canada?

The official languages of Canada are English and French.

2. What are some famous landmarks in Canada?

Some famous landmarks in Canada include Niagara Falls, the Rocky Mountains, CN Tower, and Parliament Hill.

3. What is Canada known for?

Canada is known for its stunning natural landscapes, friendly people, maple syrup, hockey, and multiculturalism.

4. What is the capital city of Canada?

The capital city of Canada is Ottawa.

5. Do I need a visa to visit Canada?

It depends on your nationality. Visitors from some countries may require a visa to enter Canada, while others may only need an electronic travel authorization (eTA).

6. What is the weather like in Canada?

The weather in Canada varies greatly depending on the region. In general, Canada experiences cold winters and warm summers, but there are significant differences between the coastal regions and the interior.

7. What is the currency of Canada?

The currency of Canada is the Canadian dollar (CAD).

8. Are there any famous Canadian inventions?

Yes, Canada is credited with the invention of insulin, the Canadarm used in space shuttles, IMAX technology, and the snowmobile, among others.

9. What is the national sport of Canada?

The national winter sport of Canada is ice hockey.

10. How large is Canada?

Canada is the second-largest country in the world by land area, spanning over 9.9 million square kilometers.

Was this page helpful?

Our commitment to delivering trustworthy and engaging content is at the heart of what we do. Each fact on our site is contributed by real users like you, bringing a wealth of diverse insights and information. To ensure the highest standards of accuracy and reliability, our dedicated editors meticulously review each submission. This process guarantees that the facts we share are not only fascinating but also credible. Trust in our commitment to quality and authenticity as you explore and learn with us.