Dyana Chauvin

Written by Dyana Chauvin

Modified & Updated: 05 Jun 2024

Jessica Corbett

Reviewed by Jessica Corbett

Source: A-z-animals.com

When it comes to coastal birds, seagulls are a ubiquitous sight. With their graceful flight patterns and distinct calls, seagulls have become synonymous with the seaside experience. But how much do we actually know about these fascinating creatures? In this article, we will explore 19 intriguing facts about seagulls that will shed light on their behavior, characteristics, and remarkable adaptations. From their impressive wingspan to their opportunistic feeding habits, seagulls have proven themselves to be highly adaptable and intelligent birds. So, let’s dive into the world of seagulls and discover some captivating facts that will make you appreciate these coastal inhabitants in a whole new light.

Key Takeaways:

  • Seagulls are not just “sea birds” – they can be found inland, in cities, and near bodies of water. They are smart, social, and play a vital role in coastal ecosystems.
  • Seagulls are intelligent, agile, and have a diverse diet. They are excellent navigators, protective parents, and some species are endangered. They are fascinating birds with a significant impact on the environment.
Table of Contents

Seagulls are Not Actually Sea Birds

Contrary to popular belief, seagulls are not strictly sea birds. While they are commonly found near bodies of water, they can also be spotted far inland, near lakes, rivers, and even in urban areas.

There are Over 50 Species of Seagulls

Seagulls belong to the family Laridae and encompass a wide range of species. From the Common Gull to the Herring Gull and the Lesser Black-backed Gull, there are over 50 recognized species of seagulls around the world.

Seagulls have Adapted to Urban Environments

Seagulls have shown remarkable adaptability to urban environments. They have learned to scavenge for food in cities and have even adapted their nesting habits to rooftops and buildings.

Seagulls are Omnivorous

Seagulls have a diverse diet and are opportunistic feeders. They will consume anything from fish and crustaceans to insects, small mammals, and even garbage.

Seagulls are Highly Intelligent

Seagulls have demonstrated high levels of intelligence, capable of problem-solving and learning from their experiences. They have been observed using tools, such as dropping shells from a height to crack them open.

Seagulls have Complex Communication Systems

Seagulls communicate with each other using a variety of sounds and body language. Their calls can convey different messages, including warnings, territorial disputes, and mating rituals.

Seagulls are Agile Flyers

Seagulls have strong wings and are adept at soaring through the air. They can reach impressive speeds and are known for their graceful flight patterns.

Seagulls are Monogamous

Seagulls are typically monogamous and form long-term pair bonds with their mates. They engage in elaborate courtship displays, including aerial acrobatics and offering food to their prospective partners.

Seagulls are Excellent Navigators

Seagulls have a remarkable sense of direction and can navigate over long distances during migration. They use a combination of landmarks, celestial cues, and even Earth’s magnetic field to find their way.

Seagulls Live in Colonies

Seagulls are highly social birds and often nest and roost in large colonies. These colonies provide safety in numbers and allow for communal defense against predators.

Seagulls are Protective of their Nests

Seagulls fiercely defend their nests against potential threats, including other birds and humans who venture too close. They will dive-bomb and vocally protest to protect their young.

Seagulls have a Long Lifespan

On average, seagulls can live up to 10-15 years. However, some species have been known to live for over 30 years in the wild.

Seagulls Have Excellent Eyesight

Seagulls have exceptional eyesight and can spot potential food sources from great distances. Their keen vision allows them to locate fish beneath the water’s surface while in flight.

Seagull Chicks Can Swim

Unlike many other birds, seagull chicks are born with the ability to swim. Shortly after hatching, they are capable of taking to the water to find food.

Seagulls Perform “Anting”

Seagulls engage in a behavior called “anting” where they rub ants or other insects onto their feathers. This behavior is believed to help control parasites or aid in molting.

Seagulls Have Amazing Vocal Range

Seagulls can produce a wide range of vocalizations, from shrieks and cackles to more melodious calls. These sounds vary depending on the situation and their intended communication.

Seagulls are Opportunistic Feeders

Seagulls have a reputation for stealing food from humans, earning them the title of “beach bandits.” Their boldness and quick reflexes make them adept at snatching unattended snacks.

Seagulls Play an Ecological Role

Seagulls contribute to the balance of coastal ecosystems by scavenging carrion and controlling populations of small marine creatures. They also aid in nutrient cycling through their droppings.

Some Seagull Species are Endangered

While seagulls are often considered common, some species, such as the Black-legged Kittiwake, are classified as endangered due to habitat loss, pollution, and disturbance at their nesting sites.

There you have it – 19 fascinating facts about seagulls that highlight their adaptability, intelligence, and unique characteristics. So, the next time you spot a seagull soaring overhead or scavenging along the shore, take a moment to appreciate these remarkable birds and their important role in coastal ecosystems.


In conclusion, seagulls are fascinating creatures that have adapted to thrive in coastal environments. With their unique behaviors, impressive adaptations, and significant presence in our daily lives, they have become an iconic species. From their distinctive squawking calls to their aerial acrobatics, seagulls never fail to capture our attention. By scavenging for food and nesting in coastal habitats, they play a vital ecological role. Understanding these 19 facts about seagulls can deepen our appreciation for these remarkable birds.


1. Why are seagulls often found near the coast?

Seagulls are predominantly found near the coast because they rely on marine and coastal resources for food and nesting.

2. Are all seagulls the same species?

No, “seagull” is a general term used to refer to various species of gulls that inhabit coastal areas worldwide.

3. What do seagulls eat?

Seagulls have a varied diet that includes fish, marine invertebrates, insects, small mammals, and even food scraps from humans.

4. Can seagulls drink saltwater?

Seagulls have special glands above their eyes that filter out excess salt from their bloodstream, allowing them to drink saltwater.

5. How long do seagulls live?

The lifespan of seagulls vary depending on the species, with some living up to 30 years in the wild.

6. Do seagulls migrate?

Many seagull species exhibit seasonal migration patterns, traveling long distances in search of food and suitable breeding grounds.

7. Can seagulls dive underwater?

No, seagulls are not adapted for diving and primarily rely on surface feeding.

8. Are seagulls aggressive towards humans?

While seagulls may display protective behavior around their nests, they generally avoid direct confrontations with humans unless provoked.

9. How do seagulls communicate?

Seagulls communicate using a variety of vocalizations, including squawks, calls, and trills, which have specific meanings within their social structure.

10. Do seagulls have any predators?

Seagulls have a few natural predators, such as larger birds of prey, foxes, and raccoons, which prey on their eggs and chicks.

11. Are seagulls monogamous?

Many seagull species exhibit monogamous mating behavior, forming lifelong pair bonds with their mates.

12. How do seagulls find their way back to their nests?

Seagulls have an excellent sense of navigation, relying on landmarks, celestial cues, and their innate spatial awareness to find their nests.

13. Can seagulls fly backwards?

No, seagulls cannot fly backward like hummingbirds. They can hover in mid-air, but their flight patterns are primarily forward-focused.

14. Are seagulls considered intelligent?

Seagulls have shown signs of intelligence through problem-solving, tool use, and adaptability in urban environments.

15. Do seagulls mate for life?

Many seagull species do mate for life, exhibiting strong pair bonds and shared responsibilities in raising their offspring.

16. How do seagulls cool themselves in hot weather?

Seagulls pant and hold their wings slightly away from their bodies to cool themselves down in hot weather.

17. Can seagulls swim?

Seagulls are competent swimmers and use their webbed feet to paddle and navigate through water.

18. Are seagulls found in freshwater habitats?

While seagulls are primarily associated with coastal habitats, some species can be found near inland freshwater bodies, especially during migration.

19. What is the best way to coexist with seagulls?

It is best to avoid feeding seagulls and to secure your food and garbage to discourage their presence. Respect their space and enjoy observing them from a distance.

Seagulls' fascinating lives captivate bird enthusiasts and casual observers alike. Their adaptability, intelligence, and unique behaviors make them truly remarkable creatures. If you enjoyed learning about these coastal birds, why not explore the world of football? Discover intriguing facts about Brighton Hove Albion, a club with a rich history and passionate fanbase. Delve into the story behind Brighton Hove Albion FC, uncovering little-known details that will surprise even die-hard supporters. For those interested in lesser-known clubs, WestonSuperMare AFC's tale is one of resilience and determination, sure to inspire any football fan.

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