Dawn Cobbs

Dawn Cobbs

Published: 18 Sep 2023

Source: Edition.cnn.com

Anwar Sadat is one of the most renowned and influential figures in Egyptian and world history. Serving as the President of Egypt from 1970 until his assassination in 1981, Sadat is best known for his efforts in diplomacy and peacemaking in the Middle East. Throughout his life, he experienced a series of remarkable events and made significant contributions that shaped the course of his nation and impacted the international community. In this article, we delve into eight unbelievable facts about Anwar Sadat, shedding light on his upbringing, political career, and the pivotal moments that defined his legacy. Get ready to uncover extraordinary insights about this exceptional leader and his role in shaping the history of Egypt and the Middle East.

Table of Contents

Anwar Sadat was Egypt’s third President.

Anwar Sadat, born on December 25, 1918, became the third President of Egypt after succeeding Gamal Abdel Nasser in 1970.

Sadat played a pivotal role in the October War of 1973.

Driven by his desire to reclaim the Sinai Peninsula, which was captured by Israel in the Six-Day War, Sadat launched a surprise attack on October 6, 1973, leading to the October War. His strategic military planning and bold leadership shocked the world.

Sadat’s historic visit to Israel in 1977 paved the way for peace.

In a move that stunned the international community, Sadat made a groundbreaking journey to Jerusalem on November 19, 1977, signaling a willingness to negotiate a peace agreement with Israel. This visit eventually led to the signing of the Camp David Accords in 1978.

Anwar Sadat was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1978.

For his efforts in promoting peace in the Middle East, Sadat was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize jointly with Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin. The award recognized their role in the Camp David Accords and the subsequent peace treaty between Egypt and Israel.

Sadat survived multiple assassination attempts.

During his presidency, Sadat faced several attempts on his life. One of the most notable ones occurred on October 6, 1981, during a military parade in Cairo, where he was tragically assassinated by Islamic extremists.

Sadat initiated economic reforms known as the “Infitah” policy.

To stimulate Egypt’s economy, Sadat introduced a series of liberal economic reforms in the early 1970s, known as the “Infitah” policy. These measures aimed to attract foreign investment and modernize the country’s industries.

Anwar Sadat received the French Legion of Honor.

In recognition of his contributions to peace and his international diplomacy, Sadat was awarded the French Legion of Honor, one of the highest decorations in France, by President Valéry Giscard d’Estaing in 1976.

Sadat’s assassination led to the presidency of Hosni Mubarak.

Following Sadat’s assassination, Vice President Hosni Mubarak assumed leadership and became Egypt’s fourth President, serving for nearly 30 years until the Egyptian Revolution in 2011.

In conclusion, Anwar Sadat’s presidency marked a critical period in Egypt’s history, with his bold actions both on the battlefield and in diplomacy. His legacy as a peacemaker and reformer continues to shape the Middle East to this day.


In conclusion, Anwar Sadat was a pivotal figure in Egyptian history. His leadership and visionary approach played a significant role in shaping the country’s political landscape and establishing a new era of diplomacy. From his efforts to normalize relations with Israel to his bold domestic reforms, Sadat left an indelible mark on Egypt and the broader Middle East region. Through his unwavering dedication to peace and his commitment to social justice, he became a source of inspiration for many leaders around the world. Despite his tragic assassination, Sadat’s legacy continues to resonate, reminding us of the power of diplomacy, courage, and perseverance in the pursuit of a better tomorrow.


Q: What were Anwar Sadat’s major accomplishments?
A: Anwar Sadat’s major accomplishments include the signing of the Camp David Accords, which led to the historic peace treaty between Egypt and Israel. He also implemented economic reforms to address Egypt’s struggling economy and worked towards social justice through initiatives such as land redistribution.Q: How did Anwar Sadat change Egypt?
A: Anwar Sadat brought significant changes to Egypt during his presidency. He shifted the country towards a more free-market economy, initiated land reforms to address inequalities, and pursued a policy of political openness and pluralism. He also played a pivotal role in laying the foundation for a lasting peace between Egypt and Israel.Q: What was Anwar Sadat’s role in the Arab-Israeli conflict?
A: Anwar Sadat played a crucial role in the Arab-Israeli conflict by making the bold decision to visit Israel and negotiate peace. His willingness to engage in diplomatic dialogue with Israel paved the way for the Camp David Accords and ultimately led to the signing of the Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty in 1979.Q: How did Anwar Sadat’s assassination impact Egypt?
A: Anwar Sadat’s assassination had a profound impact on Egypt. It was a tragic event that shook the nation and left a void in leadership. However, the spirit of Sadat’s vision and commitment to peace continued to influence subsequent leaders and the trajectory of Egypt’s political landscape.Q: What is Anwar Sadat’s lasting legacy?
A: Anwar Sadat’s lasting legacy is one of courage, leadership, and a dedication to peace. His efforts in normalizing relations with Israel and signing the Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty are key milestones in the history of the Middle East. His pursuit of social justice and economic reforms also left an enduring impact on Egypt’s development.