Fleurette Gilley

Fleurette Gilley

Modified & Updated: 24 Aug 2023

Source: Facts.net

November 20th has been marked by several significant events throughout history. From groundbreaking discoveries to momentous achievements, this date holds a special place in the historical timeline. Whether it’s in the realms of science, politics, or culture, November 20th has witnessed remarkable moments that have shaped the world we live in today. Exploring the events that unfolded on this day not only provides us with a glimpse into the past but also offers valuable insights into the progress and evolution of societies across the globe. In this article, we will delve into the facts and events that occurred on November 20th, highlighting their significance and shedding light on the impact they had on our world.

Table of Contents


  • 1894: First Sino-Japanese War begins.
  • 1945: Nuremberg Trials against Nazi war criminals begin in Germany.
  • 1969: The first-ever ARPANET link is established, marking the birth of the internet.
  • 1985: Microsoft Windows 1.0 is released.
  • 1992: The Czechoslovakia Federal Assembly votes to dissolve the country into the Czech Republic and Slovakia.


  • 1910: Physicist and chemist Marie Curie receives her second Nobel Prize, this time in Chemistry.
  • 1947: Nobel laureate Edwin H. Land demonstrates the first instant camera, the Polaroid Land Camera, to the Optical Society of America.
  • 1984: The first successful embryonic gene transfer is performed by a team of scientists at the Institute of Reproductive Medicine of the University of Bonn, Germany.
  • 2008: The Chandrayaan-1 spacecraft, India’s first lunar probe, discovers water molecules on the moon.
  • 2013: Scientists at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California achieve a major milestone in fusion research by obtaining more energy from the fusion process than the amount of energy deposited into the fuel.


  • 1789: New Jersey becomes the first U.S. state to ratify the Bill of Rights, the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution.
  • 1945: The Nuremberg Trials begin, where senior Nazi officials are tried for war crimes committed during World War II.
  • 1995: The Dayton Peace Agreement is signed, ending the Bosnian War.
  • 2006: Florida Congressman Charlie Crist is elected as the Governor of Florida, becoming the first person of Cuban ancestry to hold the position.
  • 2017: Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe resigns after 37 years in power, following a military takeover.


  • 1789: The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, the first public university in the United States, is chartered.
  • 1945: The animated short film “The Enchanted Square” featuring the first appearance of Mighty Mouse, is released.
  • 1979: The Pink Floyd album “The Wall” is released, featuring hits such as “Another Brick in the Wall” and “Comfortably Numb.”
  • 1995: Pixar Animation Studios releases their first full-length animated film, “Toy Story,” the first-ever feature-length computer-animated film.
  • 2016: The musical “Hamilton” wins 11 Tony Awards, including Best Musical.


  • 1889: Edwin Hubble, American astronomer who played a crucial role in establishing the concept of an expanding universe.
  • 1925: Robert F. Kennedy, American politician and brother of President John F. Kennedy.
  • 1942: Joe Biden, 46th President of the United States.
  • 1956: Bo Derek, American actress and model.
  • 1986: Oliver Sykes, British musician and lead vocalist of the band Bring Me the Horizon.


  • 1894: Anton Rubinstein, Russian pianist, composer, and conductor.
  • 1975: Francisco Franco, Spanish general and dictator.
  • 1995: Princess Muna al-Hussein of Jordan, mother of King Abdullah II of Jordan.
  • 2001: Abdulrachman Wahid, Indonesian president and Islamic scholar.
  • 2017: David Cassidy, American actor, singer, and musician best known for his role in the TV show “The Partridge Family.”


November 20th is a significant date in history. Throughout the years, it has witnessed notable events, scientific breakthroughs, political milestones, cultural events, and the birth and deaths of prominent individuals. From the beginning of the First Sino-Japanese War in 1894 to the release of Microsoft Windows 1.0 in 1985 and the signing of the Dayton Peace Agreement in 1995, November 20th has left its mark in various spheres.

From scientific achievements like Marie Curie’s Nobel Prize in 1910 to cultural milestones such as the release of the album “The Wall” by Pink Floyd in 1979, this date has seen remarkable advancements and contributions across different fields.


Q: What significance does November 20th hold in history?

A: November 20th marks the occurrence of several significant events, scientific breakthroughs, political milestones, cultural happenings, and noteworthy births and deaths throughout history.

Q: What famous political events occurred on November 20th?

A: Some notable political events on November 20th include the beginning of the Nuremberg Trials against Nazi war criminals in 1945 and the signing of the Dayton Peace Agreement in 1995, which ended the Bosnian War.

Q: Who were some famous individuals born on November 20th?

A: Notable individuals born on November 20th include Edwin Hubble, who played a crucial role in establishing the concept of an expanding universe, Joe Biden, the 46th President of the United States, and Bo Derek, an American actress and model.

Q: What significant cultural events occurred on November 20th?

A: Cultural events on November 20th include the release of the first full-length computer-animated film, “Toy Story,” by Pixar Animation Studios in 1995 and the winning of 11 Tony Awards by the musical “Hamilton” in 2016.

Q: Which scientific breakthroughs are associated with November 20th?

A: Significant scientific breakthroughs on November 20th include Marie Curie receiving her second Nobel Prize in 1910, the demonstration of the first instant camera by Edwin H. Land in 1947, and the discovery of water molecules on the moon by the Chandrayaan-1 spacecraft in 2008.