Kacie Waddle

Kacie Waddle

Modified & Updated: 08 Sep 2023

Source: Facts.net

December 1st is a significant date that has witnessed various notable events and fascinating moments throughout history. From political milestones to scientific breakthroughs, cultural events, and significant births and deaths, this date holds a treasure trove of historical significance. Exploring the events that took place on December 1st not only offers a glimpse into the past but also allows us to appreciate the impact these moments had on shaping our world today. Whether it’s the birth of influential figures, the signing of crucial documents, or the occurrence of remarkable discoveries, each event on this date has left an indelible mark on our collective history. In this article, we will delve into the facts and events that happened today in history on December 1st, highlighting the remarkable occurrences that have shaped our world over the years.

Table of Contents


  • 1891: The first automatic telephone switching system is patented by Almon B. Strowger.
  • 1918: Iceland becomes a separate kingdom under the Danish crown.
  • 1955: Rosa Parks, an African American woman, refuses to give up her seat on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama, sparking the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
  • 1988: Benazir Bhutto is sworn in as the first female Prime Minister of Pakistan.
  • 1990: The Channel Tunnel, connecting the United Kingdom and France, is officially opened.


  • 1824: French chemist Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac discovers the Law of Combining Volumes in chemical reactions.
  • 1913: Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen reaches the South Pole, becoming the first person to do so.
  • 1944: The world’s first self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction is achieved at the Chicago Pile-1 by a team led by Enrico Fermi.
  • 1953: The first successful human lung transplant is performed by Dr. James D. Hardy.
  • 1995: The first complete genome sequence of a free-living organism, the bacterium Haemophilus influenzae, is published.


  • 1862: President Abraham Lincoln delivers the State of the Union Address, outlining his plans to abolish slavery.
  • 1955: The Supreme Court of the United States rules that racial segregation on buses and public transportation is unconstitutional.
  • 1965: The Treaty of Tlatelolco is signed, establishing a nuclear-weapon-free zone in Latin America and the Caribbean.
  • 1974: The United Nations General Assembly grants the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) observer status.
  • 2001: Argentina declares a state of emergency and economic austerity measures in response to a severe financial crisis.


  • 1913: The first known crossword puzzle is published in the New York World newspaper.
  • 1955: The first issue of the Guinness Book of Records is published, becoming a best-seller.
  • 1969: The Beatles release their final studio album, “Abbey Road.”
  • 1971: The Montreux Casino in Switzerland burns down during a concert by Frank Zappa and the Mothers of Invention.
  • 1994: The PlayStation video game console is released by Sony in Japan, marking the beginning of a major gaming platform.


  • 1847: Julia Emily Gordon-Browne, British writer and suffragette.
  • 1935: Woody Allen, American actor, comedian, and filmmaker.
  • 1960: Carol Alt, American supermodel and actress.
  • 1970: Sarah Silverman, American comedian and actress.
  • 1990: Chanel Iman, American model.


  • 1886: Cora Crane, American author and journalist.
  • 1913: Kal?kaua, Hawaiian king.
  • 1964: Jimmy Garrison, American jazz bassist.
  • 2011: Sócrates, Brazilian footballer.
  • 2013: Paul Walker, American actor and philanthropist.


December 1st is a significant day in history with various events across different categories. From important scientific breakthroughs to political milestones and cultural events, this date has witnessed remarkable occurrences throughout the years. Notable births and deaths also add to the significance of December 1st. These events serve as reminders of the progress, achievements, and milestones humanity has reached.


Q: Why is it important to learn about historical events that happened on December 1st?

A: Learning about historical events helps us understand the context, progress, and impact of various developments, shaping our present and future.

Q: How can scientific breakthroughs on December 1st inspire future advancements?

A: Scientific breakthroughs on December 1st remind us of the advancements made in various fields and inspire further research and innovation.

Q: What can political milestones on December 1st teach us about the evolution of governance?

A: Political milestones on December 1st highlight key moments in the pursuit of equality, diplomacy, and international cooperation.

Q: Why are cultural events on December 1st significant?

A: Cultural events on December 1st reflect the creativity, diversity, and influence of arts and entertainment in our society.

Q: How do the births and deaths on December 1st contribute to our understanding of human achievements?

A: The births and deaths on December 1st remind us of the impact individuals have had on various fields, leaving behind a lasting legacy.