- Capital: Phoenix
- Cities: 91
- State bird: Cactus wren
- Demonym: Arizonan
- Climate: Desert
- Mountains: 210 different mountain ranges
- Lakes: 128, but only 2 are natural
- Area: 113,990 square miles
- Highest point: Humphrey’s Peak (12,367 feet)
- Lowest point: Colorado River (72 feet)
- Nature: The official state flower of Arizona is the Saguaro Cactus Blossom
- Industry: One of Arizona’s most profitable industries is Copper
- History: – Arizona state joined the United States in 1912
– The name Arizona comes from the Native American word for “Small Spring”
– The first explorer of Arizona was a Monk called Marcos De Niza
– Arizona used to belong to New Mexico
– The Grand Canyon is responsible for 685 deaths
– The gunfight at the OK Corral occurred in Arizona
- Climate: Arizona’s climate is typically desert but it experiences extremes of cold weather too!
- Culture: Arizona has an unofficial Presidential Resort called the Biltmore
- Arizona is home to 13 different species of Rattlesnake
- Flagstaff, Arizona should have been the film capital of the World in 1914
- Arizona produced the very first barrel of Tequila
- Pluto was discovered at Flagstaff 1930
- Arizona is home to haunted Hotel called The Jerome
The Official State Flower of Arizona Is the Saguaro Cactus Blossom
One of Arizona’s Most Profitable Industries Is Copper
In fact, the state leads the USA in the production of this metal. Copper is found in abundance in Arizona. It was first mined in the 19th century and, as of 2007, the industry there was estimated to be worth $5.54 billion. The by-products of this type of mining include gold and silver, believe it or not!
Arizona State Joined the United States in 1912
The Name Arizona Comes from the Native American Word for ‘Small Spring’
The Native American word is Arizonac, which roughly translates as place of the small spring. Arizona is also known as the Copper Canyon State or the Gold State too, and these are probably the most well-known of the names it goes by.
Arizona’s Climate Is Typically Desert But It Experiences Extremes of Cold Weather Too!
The First Explorer of Arizona Was A Monk Called Marcos De Niza
The next of our Arizona facts shows us a little about the history of the state. It was believed to have first been explored by someone called Marcos De Niza. He was a Spanish Franciscan Friar and he arrived in Arizona in around 1539. He made his expedition there to try and find the mysterious seven cities of gold.
Arizona Used to Belong to New Mexico
Arizona Territory was created in 1863 by Abraham Lincoln. However, prior to this the state was actually part of New Mexico. On February 24 of that year, the President signed something called the Arizona Organic Act which freed it and created the state we know today.
The Grand Canyon Is Responsible for 685 Deaths
The Gunfight at the OK Corral Occurred in Arizona
The next of our fascinating Arizona facts tells us about this well-known historical incident that took place in the state and resulted in three deaths. It happened in 1881 at Tombstone and involved a gunfight between cowboys and lawmen. To this day, this OK Corral shootout is still considered the most famous shootout in the American Old West, yet it lasted for less than 30 seconds in total!
Arizona Has An Unofficial Presidential Resort Called the Biltmore
This high class resort in the state is an unofficial place for Presidents of the USA to visit. Every President since Herbert Hoover has stayed at the resort in Arizona at some point during their tenure. The only modern day President not to do so (so far!) is the current incumbent, President Obama.
Arizona Is Home to 13 Different Species of Rattlesnake
Flagstaff, Arizona Should Have Been the Film Capital of the World in 1914
Arizona Produced The Very First Barrel of Tequila!
The town of Nogales in the state is the setting for the next of our Arizona facts. In June 1936 this town produced the first ever barrel of tequila in the country. Nogales has never forgotten this first batch of the famous drink, and there is actually now a Nogales Tequila Festival held every year.
Pluto Was Discovered at Flagstaff in 1930
That’s the planet and not the cartoon dog! Clyde Tombaugh was the man who discovered it, with the use of an Astrograph telescope. However, its status was then debated over the next 75 years or so and, although it was originally classified as the 9th furthest planet from the sun, other planets such as Chiron were discovered in its path. However, it’s still a good story for Arizona!
Arizona Is Home to A Haunted Hotel called The Jerome Grand
Arizona Facts – Facts about Arizona Summary
Fun facts about Arizona tell us that the state was the first to produce a barrel of tequila, that it could well have been the home of film making had it not been for a freak storm, and that it is also home to one of the most haunted buildings in the USA. The state is also the country’s biggest producer of copper. Finally, Arizona experiences wildly varying weather conditions and extremes of temperature, even though it is typically classed as a desert!