Kellen Herrmann

Kellen Herrmann

Published: 11 Sep 2023


The Gaius Octavian Augustus statue is a fascinating historical landmark that holds numerous enigmatic facts and stories. Erected during the reign of Emperor Augustus, this statue stands as a symbol of power and grandeur. Its stunning craftsmanship and intricate details make it a marvel to behold. But beyond its physical beauty, the Gaius Octavian Augustus statue hides a plethora of secrets and mysteries that continue to captivate historians and visitors alike. In this article, we will delve into 15 intriguing facts about this enigmatic statue, shedding light on its significance, historical context, and intriguing legends. Join us on this captivating journey through time as we explore the hidden wonders of the Gaius Octavian Augustus statue.

Table of Contents

The statue was discovered in a villa near Rome.

The Augustus of Prima Porta was unearthed in 1863 at the Villa of Livia, the wife of Augustus. It was found in a secluded part of the villa, surrounded by lush gardens and opulent architecture.

It dates back to the 1st century AD.

This remarkable sculpture was created around 20 BC, during the early years of the Roman Empire. It represents a pivotal period in ancient history and showcases the artistic vision of the time.

The statue stands at approximately 6 feet 8 inches tall.

Measuring at an impressive height of 2.03 meters, the Augustus of Prima Porta commands a powerful presence. Its towering stature emphasizes the magnificence and authority of Augustus as a ruler.

Augustus is depicted as a youthful and idealized figure.

The sculpture portrays Augustus as an eternally youthful leader, capturing his divine status and perpetuity as the first emperor of Rome. The idealized features symbolize his strength, wisdom, and god-like qualities.

The statue showcases intricate details in its armor.

One of the most striking aspects of the Gaius Octavian Augustus statue is the intricate depiction of the emperor’s armor. From the meticulous depiction of the cuirass to the elaborate engravings, every detail showcases the craftsmanship and skill of the ancient sculptor.

It features a Cupid riding a dolphin at the base.

At the base of the statue, a small figure of a Cupid riding a dolphin can be seen. This symbolizes Augustus’s association with the goddess Venus, who was believed to be his ancestor.

The statue carries various political and religious messages.

The Augustus of Prima Porta serves as a visual propaganda tool, promoting Augustus’s authority and divine connection. It incorporates symbols associated with Rome’s power, such as the she-wolf and eagle, while also referencing Augustus’s role as a religious leader.

The original colors of the statue have faded over time.

Originally, the statue would have been painted in vibrant colors, enhancing its lifelike appearance. However, over the centuries, the pigments have faded, leaving behind the monochrome marble that we see today.

It is believed to be a Roman copy of a Greek original.

The Augustus of Prima Porta follows the style of classical Greek sculpture, indicating that it is a Roman interpretation of a Greek original. This fusion of styles demonstrates the influence of Greek art on Roman culture during this period.

The statue was originally housed in a temple dedicated to Augustus.

After its discovery, the Augustus of Prima Porta was displayed in the Braccio Nuovo of the Vatican Museums. However, it was originally placed in a temple dedicated to Augustus, where it would have served as a focal point for religious ceremonies.

It was commissioned by Augustus’s wife, Livia.

Livia, the wife of Augustus, commissioned the statue as a tribute to her husband. Its creation was a testament to their enduring legacy and the power of the Julio-Claudian dynasty.

The statue reveals Augustus’s political propaganda.

Augustus used various forms of propaganda to solidify his position as emperor. The Gaius Octavian Augustus statue aligned with his political agenda, representing him as a benevolent and revered leader.

The statue embodies the concept of Pax Romana.

Depicting Augustus in military attire, the statue symbolizes the concept of Pax Romana, the period of relative peace and stability that characterized the Roman Empire under his rule.

The statue has influenced numerous artworks throughout history.

The Augustus of Prima Porta has served as inspiration for countless artists over the centuries. Its portrayal of power, idealized beauty, and political symbolism has left a lasting impact on the world of art.

The statue remains a significant symbol of Rome’s ancient history.

The Gaius Octavian Augustus statue stands as a remarkable testament to the glory and grandeur of ancient Rome. It serves as a reminder of the iconic figures and profound impact that shaped the Roman Empire.

In conclusion, the 15 Enigmatic Facts About The Gaius Octavian Augustus statue highlight the historical, artistic, and symbolic significance of this captivating sculpture. Through its intricate details, political messages, and timeless beauty, the Augustus of Prima Porta continues to awe and inspire audiences around the world, preserving the legacy of one of Rome’s most iconic leaders.


In conclusion, the Gaius Octavian Augustus statue stands as a remarkable testament to the architectural and artistic prowess of the ancient Roman civilization. Its enigmatic nature and the numerous legends and stories surrounding it only add to its allure. From its impressive size and intricate detail to the mysteries shrouding its origin and purpose, this statue continues to captivate the imagination of visitors and historians alike. Whether you are a history enthusiast or simply appreciate the wonders of the past, a visit to this iconic landmark is sure to leave you in awe of the ancient world and its legacy.


1. Who commissioned the Gaius Octavian Augustus statue?

The Gaius Octavian Augustus statue was commissioned by Emperor Augustus himself to commemorate his reign and solidify his legacy.

2. How tall is the Gaius Octavian Augustus statue?

The exact height of the statue is unknown, as only fragments of it have been discovered. However, estimates suggest that it could have stood around 12 meters (40 feet) tall.

3. What materials were used to create the statue?

The statue is believed to have been made primarily of bronze, with certain parts adorned with gold and precious stones for added grandeur.

4. What is the significance of the statue?

The Gaius Octavian Augustus statue was a symbol of power and authority, representing the divine status of Emperor Augustus and his connection to the gods.

5. Where is the statue located?

The original statue is no longer intact, but various replicas and fragments can be found in museums and art galleries around the world.