Aurelie Chadwick

Aurelie Chadwick

Modified & Updated: 07 Sep 2023


Iceland is a country that captivates the imagination with its majestic landscapes, folklore, and unique culture. Situated in the North Atlantic, this Nordic island nation is known for its geothermal activity, stunning waterfalls, and awe-inspiring volcanoes. Beyond its natural wonders, Iceland also boasts a rich history and a vibrant arts scene. In this article, we will delve into 48 fascinating facts about Iceland, ranging from its geology and climate to its traditions and famous landmarks. Whether you’re planning a trip to Iceland or just curious about this mesmerizing country, this compilation of facts will provide you with a deeper understanding and appreciation for all that Iceland has to offer. So buckle up and let’s embark on this journey to discover some incredible and intriguing aspects of Iceland!

Table of Contents

Iceland is known as the Land of Fire and Ice.

With its volcanoes, glaciers, and geothermal activity, Iceland is a land of stark contrasts, where fire and ice coexist in perfect harmony.

The capital city of Iceland is Reykjavik.

Reykjavik is not only the largest city in Iceland, but it is also the northernmost capital city in the world.

Iceland is home to the largest glacier in Europe – Vatnajökull.

Vatnajökull covers an area of approximately 8,100 square kilometers and is a breathtaking sight to behold.

The famous Eyjafjallajökull volcano erupted in 2010, causing widespread disruptions in air travel.

This volcanic eruption gained international attention due to the ash cloud that disrupted air travel across Europe.

Iceland is located on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge.

The Mid-Atlantic Ridge is a divergent tectonic plate boundary that runs through the center of the Atlantic Ocean and causes Iceland to have a high concentration of volcanoes and geothermal activity.

The iconic Blue Lagoon is a popular geothermal spa in Iceland.

Visitors can soak in the mineral-rich waters of the Blue Lagoon, known for its healing properties and stunning blue color.

Iceland has its own breed of horses – the Icelandic horse.

The Icelandic horse is known for its small stature, gentle temperament, and unique gaits, including the famous tölt.

The Great Geysir in Iceland gave its name to all geysers.

Geysir, located in the Haukadalur Valley, is the original geyser that gave rise to the name for this natural phenomenon.

Iceland is home to numerous stunning waterfalls, including the famous Seljalandsfoss and Skógafoss.

These cascading waterfalls are a photographer’s dream and attract visitors from around the world.

Iceland is one of the best places in the world to witness the Northern Lights.

The awe-inspiring aurora borealis dances across the Icelandic night sky, creating a mesmerizing spectacle.

Jökulsárlón is a stunning glacial lagoon in Iceland.

This shimmering lagoon is filled with icebergs that have calved off the nearby Breiðamerkurjökull glacier.

The Vatnajökull National Park is the largest national park in Europe.

Encompassing the Vatnajökull glacier and its surroundings, this national park is a paradise for outdoor enthusiasts.

Iceland is home to numerous active volcanoes, including Hekla and Katla.

These volcanoes add to the dramatic landscape of Iceland and contribute to its geothermal energy production.

Iceland is the most sparsely populated country in Europe, with a population of around 356,000 people.

Despite its small population, Iceland boasts a high standard of living and a strong sense of community.

The Icelandic language has remained relatively unchanged for centuries.

Icelandic is closely related to Old Norse and is still spoken and written with many of the original grammatical rules intact.

Iceland has one of the highest literacy rates in the world.

Education and literacy are highly valued in Iceland, with nearly 100% of the population being literate.

Icelandic people use a patronymic naming system.

Instead of using surnames, Icelanders carry their father’s first name and add -son or -dóttir for sons and daughters, respectively.

Icelanders believe in mythical creatures, including elves and trolls.

These folklore creatures are deeply ingrained in Icelandic culture and are believed to dwell in the country’s mountains, rocks, and hidden valleys.

Iceland is home to the world’s oldest parliament, the Alþingi.

The Alþingi was established in 930 AD and is one of the cornerstones of Icelandic democracy.

Icelanders have a strong appreciation for literature and storytelling.

The country produces more books per capita than any other nation, and the annual Iceland Airwaves festival celebrates both Icelandic and international music.

Iceland has a thriving music scene, with artists like Björk and Sigur Rós gaining international acclaim.

Icelandic music is known for its ethereal and atmospheric soundscapes.

Iceland is a paradise for hikers and outdoor enthusiasts.

The country offers countless hiking trails, ranging from easy walks to challenging treks through rugged landscapes.

The Icelandic cuisine features unique dishes like hákarl (fermented shark) and svið (boiled sheep’s head).

These traditional dishes may be an acquired taste for some, but they are an essential part of Icelandic culinary heritage.

Iceland experiences the phenomenon of the Midnight Sun during summer.

Due to its high latitude, Iceland has long summer days where the sun never fully sets, creating a magical atmosphere.

Iceland is a hotspot for adventure activities such as glacier hiking, ice climbing, and snorkeling between tectonic plates.

Thrill-seekers flock to Iceland to experience adrenaline-pumping adventures in its stunning natural landscapes.

The Icelandic Christmas season is filled with unique traditions.

Icelanders celebrate with Yule Lads, mythical creatures who bring gifts or play tricks on children in the 13 nights leading up to Christmas.

The Icelandic language has a word for “a weather window between storms” – gluggaveður.

This word perfectly captures the spirit of Iceland, where weather conditions can change rapidly.

Iceland has a strong commitment to renewable energy.

The country relies heavily on geothermal and hydroelectric power, making it one of the greenest nations in the world.

The Icelandic horse has a fifth gait called the flying pace.

This smooth and fast gait sets the Icelandic horse apart from other breeds.

The Icelandic tradition of Jólabókaflóð involves giving books as gifts on Christmas Eve.

This beloved tradition celebrates the love of reading and encourages cozy nights spent with a good book.

Iceland is home to numerous geothermal pools and hot springs.

Visitors can relax and rejuvenate in natural hot springs like the Secret Lagoon or the lesser-known Mývatn Nature Baths.

Iceland has one of the highest life expectancies in the world.

The combination of a clean environment, a healthy diet, and a strong healthcare system contributes to the long lifespans of Icelanders.

Icelandic turf houses were traditionally built to withstand harsh weather conditions.

These unique structures blend seamlessly with the natural landscape and provide excellent insulation.

Iceland has a strong literary tradition, with many renowned authors and poets.

Notable Icelandic authors include Halldór Laxness, who won the Nobel Prize in Literature, and Sjón, a recipient of numerous literary awards.

The Icelandic flag features a red background with a white-cross design.

The flag’s design is said to be inspired by the flag of Denmark, as Iceland was a Danish colony until 1944.

Iceland is a paradise for birdwatchers.

The country is home to a variety of bird species, including puffins, Arctic terns, and eider ducks.

The Huldufólk (hidden people) are mythical creatures in Icelandic folklore.

Icelanders believe that these mystical beings coexist with humans and should be treated with respect.

Iceland is home to the world’s most extensive geothermal power plant, located in Reykjanes.

The Hellisheidi power station harnesses Iceland’s geothermal energy to provide electricity and hot water to the capital region.

The Icelandic landscape served as a filming location for popular TV series like “Game of Thrones.”

Iceland’s otherworldly landscapes were the perfect backdrop for scenes set beyond the Wall.

Iceland’s literacy rate is so high that it is estimated that one in ten Icelanders will publish a book in their lifetime.

The love for literature is deeply ingrained in Icelandic culture.

Icelanders have a unique Christmas Eve tradition involving a massive bonfire.

These bonfires are lit throughout the country to signify the arrival of Christmas and ward off the darkness.

Icelandic cuisine includes traditional dishes like hangikjöt (smoked lamb) and plokkfiskur (fish stew).

These hearty dishes showcase the freshest local ingredients.

Iceland has a vibrant music and arts scene, with numerous festivals throughout the year.

From the Reykjavik Arts Festival to the Iceland Airwaves music festival, there is always something creative happening in Iceland.

The Icelandic language has a unique letter called “þorn” (pronounced thorn) that represents the sound “th.”

This letter is derived from the runic alphabets used by Norse settlers.

Iceland is a hotspot for whale watching.

Visitors can catch a glimpse of majestic creatures like humpback whales and orcas in the waters surrounding Iceland.

Icelandic culture places a strong emphasis on communal bathing.

Icelandic people enjoy visiting public swimming pools and hot springs, fostering a sense of community and relaxation.

Iceland is a great place to spot puffins, especially during the summer months.

These adorable seabirds nest in Iceland’s cliffs and provide a charming sight for birdwatchers.

Iceland is home to the world’s oldest known parliament, the Alþingi, established in 930 AD.

This democratic institution has stood the test of time and continues to shape Iceland’s governance.

There you have it – 48 fascinating facts about Iceland. This Nordic wonderland is a land of natural beauty, rich folklore, and a vibrant culture that will leave you spellbound. Visit Iceland and embark on an adventure to discover all that this incredible country has to offer.


In conclusion, Iceland is a country that is filled with fascinating facts and natural wonders. From its stunning landscapes to its unique culture and history, there is no shortage of things to discover and explore in this remarkable Nordic nation. Whether you’re intrigued by the geothermal activity, mesmerized by the northern lights, or interested in the folklore and sagas, Iceland offers something for everyone.The country’s commitment to sustainability and its strong emphasis on preserving its environment make it a remarkable example of responsible tourism. With its welcoming and friendly locals, breathtaking scenery, and countless adventures to be had, Iceland is truly a destination that should be on everyone’s bucket list.So, pack your bags, and get ready to embark on an unforgettable journey to Iceland, where you’ll be captivated by its beauty, intrigued by its history, and mesmerized by its unique charm.


1. What is the best time to visit Iceland?

The best time to visit Iceland depends on what you want to experience. The summer months from June to August offer pleasant weather, long days with midnight sun, and a chance to explore the highlands. However, if you want to witness the mesmerizing northern lights, the winter months from September to March are ideal.

2. How safe is it to travel to Iceland?

Iceland is considered one of the safest countries in the world. The crime rate is very low, and the locals are welcoming and helpful. However, it’s always important to take standard safety precautions and stay informed about weather conditions and natural hazards.

3. What are some must-visit attractions in Iceland?

Some must-visit attractions in Iceland include the Blue Lagoon geothermal spa, the Golden Circle route with its geysers and waterfalls, the stunning glaciers of Vatnajökull National Park, and the dramatic landscapes of the Westfjords. Don’t forget to explore the charming capital city, Reykjavik, with its vibrant art and music scene.

4. Is it necessary to rent a car in Iceland?

Renting a car in Iceland is highly recommended. It gives you the flexibility to explore the country at your own pace and reach more remote and off-the-beaten-path locations. Public transportation options are limited outside urban areas, and having a car allows you to fully experience the breathtaking beauty of Iceland.

5. Can I drink tap water in Iceland?

Yes, you can drink tap water in Iceland. The country has some of the cleanest and best-tasting tap water in the world. It’s safe, pure, and easily accessible throughout the country. So, bring a reusable water bottle and enjoy the refreshing and pristine Icelandic tap water.