Corie Corn

Corie Corn

Modified & Updated: 09 Sep 2023


Eritrea, a small country located in the northeast of Africa, is often referred to as the “hidden gem” of the continent. Despite its relatively unknown status, Eritrea boasts a rich history, diverse culture, and breathtaking landscapes that are sure to captivate any traveler. From its vibrant capital city of Asmara to its stunning Red Sea coastline, there is much to discover and explore in this fascinating country.

In this article, we will delve into 39 interesting facts about Eritrea, shedding light on its intriguing past, unique traditions, and notable landmarks. Whether you’re planning a visit or simply eager to broaden your knowledge about different countries, these facts will provide a deeper insight into the wonders of Eritrea. So, fasten your seatbelts, and let’s embark on a virtual journey through the captivating land of Eritrea!

Table of Contents

Eritrea is a country in the northeastern part of Africa.

Located in the Horn of Africa, Eritrea is bordered by Sudan to the west, Ethiopia to the south, Djibouti to the southeast, and the Red Sea to the northeast.

The capital city of Eritrea is Asmara.

Asmara is known for its beautiful architecture, which reflects the city’s Italian colonial past. It is also home to various cultural and historical landmarks.

Eritrea gained its independence in 1993.

After a long and challenging struggle, Eritrea achieved independence from Ethiopia in 1993, becoming a sovereign nation.

The official languages of Eritrea are Tigrinya, Arabic, and English.

Tigrinya is the most widely spoken language in Eritrea and serves as the primary language of communication.

Eritrea has a diverse ethnic and cultural makeup.

The country is home to nine recognized ethnic groups, each with its own unique traditions, languages, and customs.

The Eritrean people are known for their hospitality.

Eritreans are renowned for their warm and welcoming nature, making visitors feel right at home.

Eritrea is endowed with stunning natural landscapes.

From the breathtaking beaches along the Red Sea coast to the rugged beauty of the highlands, Eritrea offers a diverse range of landscapes to explore.

Eritrea is home to the Dahlak Archipelago.

The Dahlak Archipelago is a group of islands in the Red Sea, known for their pristine beaches, crystal-clear waters, and vibrant marine life.

Eritrea has a rich cultural heritage.

The country’s heritage is reflected in its vibrant music, traditional dance forms, art, and cuisine.

Eritrea has a unique traditional coffee ceremony.

Coffee plays a significant role in Eritrean culture, and participating in a traditional coffee ceremony is a must-do when visiting the country.

Eritrea is known for its unique cuisine.

Injera, a sourdough flatbread, is a staple in Eritrean cuisine, along with a variety of flavorful stews and dishes.

Eritrea is a top destination for diving enthusiasts.

The Red Sea offers some of the world’s most spectacular diving spots, with vibrant coral reefs and a rich variety of marine species.

Eritrea is home to nine national parks and reserves.

These protected areas showcase the country’s diverse ecosystems, including forests, savannahs, and wetlands.

Eritrea has a strategic location on the Red Sea.

Its proximity to this vital shipping route has made Eritrea an important trading hub throughout history.

Eritrea has a fascinating ancient history.

The land of Eritrea has seen the rise and fall of various ancient civilizations, leaving behind significant archaeological sites and ruins.

Eritrea is known for its vibrant traditional clothing.

The traditional attire in Eritrea is colorful and distinctive, representing the cultural diversity of the different ethnic groups.

Eritrea has a strong literary tradition.

Eritrean literature spans various genres, including poetry, novels, and short stories.

Eritrea has a rich music scene.

Eritrean music encompasses a blend of traditional rhythms and modern influences, creating a unique and captivating sound.

Eritrea has a diverse wildlife population.

The country is home to a variety of animal species, including elephants, lions, giraffes, and numerous bird species.

Eritrea has a strong focus on education.

The government of Eritrea places a high priority on education, striving to provide quality education to its citizens.

Eritrea has a unique system of communal labor called “giffa”.

In rural areas, community members come together to work on agricultural tasks or infrastructure projects, fostering a spirit of cooperation and solidarity.

Eritrea is known for its vibrant festivals and celebrations.

From religious celebrations to traditional cultural festivals, Eritrea offers a lively and colorful calendar of events throughout the year.

Eritrea has a well-preserved colonial heritage.

The architecture and buildings from the Italian colonial era in Eritrea are a testament to the country’s rich history.

Eritrea has a highland region known as the “Switzerland of Africa”.

The highlands of Eritrea offer stunning mountain landscapes, picturesque villages, and a pleasant climate.

Eritrea is home to ancient ruins dating back thousands of years.

Sites such as Qohaito and Adulis showcase the remnants of ancient civilizations and are of significant archaeological importance.

The people of Eritrea have a strong sense of national pride.

Despite the challenges the country has faced, Eritreans take pride in their nation and its rich cultural heritage.

Eritrea has a unique form of traditional dance called “tigrigna”.

This dance form reflects the cultural traditions and history of the Tigrinya ethnic group.

Eritreans are known for their love of sports.

Football (soccer) is especially popular in Eritrea, with many passionate fans supporting local teams.

Eritrea has a strong sense of community.

The concept of community is deeply rooted in Eritrean society, and people often come together to support and help one another.

Eritrea is known for its traditional handicrafts.

Artisans in Eritrea create beautiful handicrafts, including pottery, weaving, and intricate traditional jewelry.

The landscapes of Eritrea have been featured in several Hollywood films.

Filmmakers have been captivated by the stunning scenery of Eritrea, using it as a backdrop for movies such as “Black Hawk Down” and “The English Patient”.

Eritrea has a strong emphasis on environmental conservation.

The government of Eritrea is committed to protecting its natural resources and implementing sustainable practices.

Eritrea has a strong coffee culture.

Coffee ceremonies are an integral part of Eritrean social gatherings, symbolizing friendship, hospitality, and warmth.

Eritrea was once an important center for trade in the Red Sea region.

In ancient times, Eritrea played a vital role in facilitating trade between Africa, the Middle East, and Europe.

Eritrea has a unique form of cuisine known as “zighini”.

Zighini is a spicy stew made with meat or vegetables, typically served with injera.

Eritrea has a strong tradition of oral storytelling.

Eritreans have passed down stories and legends from generation to generation, preserving their history and cultural heritage.

Eritrea has a national cycling team that has achieved international recognition.

The Eritrean national cycling team has participated in prestigious international competitions, showcasing the country’s talent in this sport.

Eritrea is known for its ancient rock-hewn churches.

Sites such as Debre Sina and the Church of St. Mary of Zion boast incredible architecture and religious significance.

Eritrea has a unique blend of modern and traditional influences.

The country’s rich cultural heritage is seamlessly woven into everyday life, creating a dynamic and vibrant atmosphere.


These 39 facts about Eritrea highlight the country’s fascinating history, culture, natural beauty, and more. From its ancient ruins to its vibrant traditions, Eritrea offers a captivating experience for anyone who wishes to explore this hidden gem in Africa.


In conclusion, Eritrea is a fascinating country with a rich history, diverse culture, and breathtaking landscapes. From its ancient ruins to its vibrant markets, visitors to Eritrea can immerse themselves in a unique and memorable experience. The country’s strategic location along the Red Sea also adds to its significance in international trade and geopolitics. Whether you are interested in exploring historical sites, embarking on adventurous hikes, or simply enjoying the warm hospitality of the Eritrean people, this country has something to offer for everyone. So, if you’re looking for a destination off the beaten path, consider adding Eritrea to your travel bucket list.


Q: What is the capital city of Eritrea?

A: The capital city of Eritrea is Asmara.

Q: What language is spoken in Eritrea?

A: The official language of Eritrea is Tigrinya, but Tigre, Arabic, and English are also widely spoken.

Q: What is the currency used in Eritrea?

A: The currency used in Eritrea is the Eritrean Nakfa (ERN).

Q: Is Eritrea a safe country to visit?

A: While Eritrea is generally considered safe for tourists, it is always advisable to exercise caution and follow local regulations and customs.

Q: What are some popular tourist attractions in Eritrea?

A: Some popular tourist attractions in Eritrea include the ancient city of Asmara, the Dahlak Archipelago, the Debre Bizen Monastery, and the Massawa Old Town.

Q: Is it necessary to obtain a visa before traveling to Eritrea?

A: Yes, it is required to obtain a visa before traveling to Eritrea. Visitors can apply for a visa through the Eritrean embassy or consulate in their home country.