Arlyne Newton

Written by Arlyne Newton

Modified & Updated: 25 Jun 2024

Jessica Corbett

Reviewed by Jessica Corbett


Shillong, often referred to as the “Scotland of the East,” is a mesmerizing hill station located in the state of Meghalaya, India. With its breathtaking landscapes, pleasant climate, and vibrant culture, Shillong attracts visitors from all over the world. This enchanting city is filled with numerous interesting facts that make it a fascinating destination to explore. From its colonial history to its unique traditions and natural wonders, Shillong offers a treasure trove of intriguing information. So, buckle up and get ready to dive into the 48 amazing facts about Shillong that will leave you stunned and eager to visit this captivating city in the heart of the Khasi Hills.

Key Takeaways:

  • Shillong, known as the “Scotland of the East,” offers breathtaking landscapes, vibrant culture, and unique attractions like living root bridges and the Cherry Blossom Festival.
  • With its lush greenery, vibrant markets, and rich history, Shillong is a charming destination that promises a blend of tranquility and excitement for visitors to explore and enjoy.
Table of Contents

Scotland of the East

Shillong is often referred to as the “Scotland of the East” due to its rolling hills, picturesque landscapes, and pleasant climate.

East Khasi Hills District

Shillong is located in the East Khasi Hills district of Meghalaya, named after the indigenous Khasi tribe.

Abode of Clouds

Meghalaya, which encompasses Shillong, is known as the “Abode of Clouds” because of the region’s abundant rainfall and misty atmosphere.

Laitlum Canyons

Laitlum Canyons, located near Shillong, offer breathtaking views of deep gorges, lush greenery, and cascading waterfalls.


Shillong is close to Cherapunjee, which holds the record for being the wettest place on earth with its annual rainfall.

Living Root Bridges

Meghalaya is famous for its living root bridges, an extraordinary example of bioengineering, where large rubber trees are trained to form natural bridges.

Shillong Peak

The highest point in Shillong is Shillong Peak, offering panoramic views of the city and the surrounding hills.

Ward’s Lake

Ward’s Lake, a picturesque artificial lake in Shillong, is a popular spot for picnics and boating.

Cherry Blossoms

Shillong celebrates the annual Cherry Blossom Festival, where thousands of cherry trees bloom, creating a captivating spectacle.

Umiam Lake

The scenic Umiam Lake, also known as Bara Pani, is a must-visit attraction near Shillong, offering water sports and mesmerizing views.

Don Bosco Museum

Don Bosco Museum, one of the largest cultural museums in Asia, showcases the rich heritage and traditions of the Northeast region.

Golf Course Road

Shillong boasts one of the oldest golf courses in India, situated on the picturesque Golf Course Road.

Elephant Falls

Elephant Falls, located just outside Shillong, is a three-tiered waterfall that cascades down amidst verdant greenery.

Police Bazaar

Police Bazaar is the main commercial hub of Shillong, bustling with shops, restaurants, and local markets.

Sacred Forests

The sacred forests surrounding Shillong are home to a diverse range of flora and fauna, as well as ancient monoliths and sacred groves.

Orchid Paradise

Meghalaya is known for its incredible variety of orchids, and Shillong is home to numerous orchid nurseries.

Sohpetbneng Peak

Sohpetbneng Peak, located near Shillong, is considered a sacred site by the Khasi tribe and offers panoramic views of the city.

Rock Music Paradise

Shillong is renowned as the “Rock Capital of India” due to its vibrant music scene and talented local bands.

Mawlynnong Village

Mawlynnong Village, near Shillong, holds the title of being the cleanest village in Asia, known for its immaculate surroundings.

Shillong Cathedral

Shillong Cathedral, also known as Mary Help of Christians Cathedral, is one of the oldest and largest churches in Northeast India.

Pine Forests

Shillong is surrounded by beautiful pine forests, offering tranquil escapes and mesmerizing views.

Local Cuisine

Shillong is a gastronomic delight, with a variety of local dishes like Jadoh, Tungtab, and Nakham Bitchi showcasing the unique flavors of the region.

Lady Hydari Park

Lady Hydari Park, named after the wife of a former Governor of Assam, is a well-manicured garden in the heart of Shillong.

Shillong Peak National Park

The Shillong Peak National Park, located at the apex of Shillong, is a biodiversity hotspot, home to various species of flora and fauna.

Shillong Autumn Festival

The Shillong Autumn Festival showcases the rich culture, traditions, and music of the Northeast region, attracting visitors from across the country.

Spread Eagle Falls

Spread Eagle Falls, also known as Sati Falls, is a beautiful waterfall located in the Shillong Cantonment area.

Butterfly Museum

The Butterfly Museum in Shillong houses a colorful collection of butterflies and insects, providing insights into their fascinating world.

David Scott Trail

The David Scott Trail is a historic trekking route that connects Shillong with the town of Jowai, offering scenic views and glimpses into the region’s past.

Summer Festival

The Summer Festival in Shillong celebrates the vibrant culture, music, and dance of the Khasi tribe, adding an extra flavor to the city’s charm.

Crinoline Falls

Crinoline Falls, located near Lady Hydari Park, is a hidden gem in Shillong, characterized by its cascading water and lush green surroundings.

Khasi Traditional Attire

The Khasi tribe, predominant in Shillong, is known for its traditional attire, which includes the Jainsen (for men) and the Jainkyrshah (for women).

Archery Tradition

Archery is a popular sport in Meghalaya, and Shillong hosts various archery competitions and tournaments throughout the year.

Golf Links

Shillong Golf Links, situated in the heart of the city, is one of the few natural golf courses in the world, offering a unique golfing experience.

Shillong View Point

The Shillong View Point provides a panoramic view of the city, with the majestic Himalayas serving as a scenic backdrop.

All Saints’ Cathedral

All Saints’ Cathedral in Shillong is an Anglican church known for its beautiful stained glass windows and serene ambiance.

Polo Ground

Shillong Polo Ground is one of the oldest and highest polo grounds in the world, hosting exciting polo matches and events.


Mawsynram, located near Shillong, holds the record for being the place with the highest recorded rainfall on earth.

Bamboo Craft

Bamboo craft is an integral part of the culture of Meghalaya, and Shillong offers a wide array of bamboo products showcasing the craftsmanship of the locals.

Seven Sisters Falls

The Seven Sisters Falls, also known as the Nohsngithiang Falls, is a magnificent seven-segmented waterfall located near Cherrapunjee.

David Scott Memorial

The David Scott Memorial, located in Sohra (Cherrapunjee), commemorates the British officer who pioneered the David Scott Trail.

Shillong International Music Festival

The Shillong International Music Festival is a renowned musical extravaganza that attracts artists and music lovers from around the world.


Motphran, commonly known as the “Stone of France,” is a significant landmark in Shillong that symbolizes the bond between Indian and French soldiers.


Teer, a traditional archery-based lottery game, is popular in Shillong, with people trying their luck to predict the number of arrows hitting the target.

Ward’s Lake Musical Fountain

The Ward’s Lake Musical Fountain mesmerizes visitors with its synchronized water jets and vibrant musical performances.

Butterfly Spotting

The lush landscapes of Shillong provide an ideal habitat for various species of butterflies, making it a haven for butterfly enthusiasts.

Mary Help of Christian’s Grotto

Mary Help of Christian’s Grotto is a peaceful shrine in Shillong, dedicated to the Virgin Mary and frequented by devotees seeking solace.

Golf Cup Tournaments

Shillong hosts several prestigious golf cup tournaments, attracting golfers from across the country to showcase their skills on the challenging course.

Vibrant Local Markets

The streets of Shillong are lined with vibrant local markets, such as Police Bazaar and Iewduh Market, offering a delightful shopping experience.

These 48 facts about Shillong provide just a glimpse into the charm and allure of this captivating city. From its scenic beauty to its rich cultural heritage, Shillong offers a unique blend of tranquility and excitement that is sure to leave you mesmerized. Visit Shillong and immerse yourself in its natural wonders, vibrant culture, and warm hospitality.


Shillong is undoubtedly a fascinating city with a rich history, vibrant culture, and breathtaking natural beauty. From its pleasant weather to its mesmerizing waterfalls, this city has something to offer to every traveler. Whether you’re a nature enthusiast, an adventure lover, or a history buff, Shillong will not disappoint you.

With its unique blend of modernity and tradition, Shillong has managed to retain its charm while embracing progress. Its friendly locals, delicious food, and lively markets make it a perfect destination for explorers seeking an offbeat travel experience.

So, if you’re planning your next getaway, be sure to include Shillong in your travel itinerary. Prepare to be enchanted by its beauty and be ready to create unforgettable memories in this hidden gem of Northeast India.


1. What is the best time to visit Shillong?

The best time to visit Shillong is from March to June when the weather is pleasant and the city is in full bloom.

2. How can I reach Shillong?

Shillong is well-connected by air, rail, and road. The nearest airport is located in Guwahati, and from there, you can hire a taxi or take a bus to reach Shillong. Alternatively, you can also take a train or drive to Shillong from nearby cities.

3. Are there any popular tourist attractions in Shillong?

Yes, Shillong is home to several popular tourist attractions, including the Umiam Lake, Elephant Falls, Shillong Peak, and Ward’s Lake. Don’t miss visiting these beautiful sites during your trip.

4. What kind of adventure activities can I do in Shillong?

Shillong offers a range of adventure activities such as trekking, caving, river rafting, and rock climbing. If you’re an adventure junkie, Shillong has plenty to offer.

5. Is it safe to travel to Shillong?

Yes, Shillong is generally considered to be a safe city for travelers. However, like any other destination, it is advisable to take basic precautions and stay alert while exploring the city.

6. What is the local cuisine of Shillong?

The local cuisine of Shillong is a delightful mix of tribal and Bengali flavors. Don’t forget to try the popular dishes like Jadoh, Dohneiiong, and Pumaloi during your visit.

Shillong's enchanting beauty and rich cultural heritage captivate visitors from around the world. From mesmerizing landscapes to vibrant traditions, this city offers an unforgettable experience for all. Delve deeper into Shillong's sporting legacy by exploring the fascinating history of its beloved football club, Shillong Lajong FC. With a passion for the beautiful game that rivals the city's natural wonders, Shillong Lajong FC has become an integral part of the local identity. Uncover the club's humble beginnings, memorable moments, and the unwavering support of its dedicated fans in our comprehensive guide to Shillong Lajong FC's remarkable journey.

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