Anny Chan

Anny Chan

Modified & Updated: 23 Sep 2023


Khartoum, the capital of Sudan, is a fascinating city that is steeped in history and culture. Situated at the confluence of the Blue Nile and the White Nile, Khartoum is not only geographically significant but also holds great importance as a political and economic center in Africa. With its vibrant markets, bustling streets, and iconic landmarks, this city offers a unique blend of traditional and modern elements.

This article will take you on a journey through 41 intriguing facts about Khartoum, shedding light on its rich heritage, remarkable landmarks, diverse population, and much more. Whether you are planning a visit to Khartoum or simply interested in learning more about this vibrant metropolis, these facts will provide you with an in-depth understanding of the city’s character and its place in Sudanese history.

Table of Contents

Khartoum is the capital city of Sudan.

Located at the confluence of the Blue Nile and White Nile rivers, Khartoum is the political, cultural, and economic hub of the country.

Khartoum is one of the largest cities in Africa.

With a population of over 5 million people, Khartoum ranks among the largest cities on the African continent.

The name “Khartoum” means “elephant trunk” in Arabic.

The city was named after its geographical shape resembling an elephant trunk.

Khartoum has a rich history dating back to ancient civilizations.

The area around Khartoum has been inhabited since prehistoric times and has witnessed the rise and fall of several ancient kingdoms.

The city experiences a hot desert climate.

Khartoum has scorching summers with temperatures often exceeding 40°C (104°F), while winters are mild and dry.

Khartoum is a cultural melting pot.

It is home to various ethnic groups, including the Arab, Nubian, and Beja communities, among others.

The Sudan National Museum is located in Khartoum.

This museum houses a vast collection of ancient artifacts, including pharaonic, Nubian, and Islamic treasures.

Khartoum is known for its vibrant markets.

The city is dotted with bustling souks where locals and tourists can explore a wide range of traditional crafts, spices, and textiles.

The University of Khartoum is one of the oldest universities in Africa.

Founded in 1902, it is a prestigious educational institution that attracts students from all over Sudan and beyond.

Khartoum is a major transportation hub.

The city has an international airport and serves as a central point for road and rail networks connecting different parts of Sudan.

The Blue Nile Bridge connects Khartoum with Omdurman.

This iconic bridge is one of the main links between the capital and its neighboring city, Omdurman.

Khartoum is known for its traditional music and dance.

The city’s vibrant cultural scene offers opportunities to experience traditional Sudanese music and dance performances.

Omdurman, Bahri, and Khartoum North are the main districts of Khartoum.

These districts collectively form the Greater Khartoum area, with each contributing to the city’s diverse character.

Khartoum has a growing art scene.

The city is witnessing the emergence of contemporary art galleries and exhibitions, showcasing the talent of Sudanese artists.

The Sudan Presidential Palace is located in Khartoum.

It serves as the official residence and workplace of the President of Sudan.

The Nile Street is a popular waterfront promenade in Khartoum.

Offering stunning views of the Nile River, it is a favorite spot for locals and visitors to relax and enjoy the scenery.

Khartoum has a rich culinary heritage.

The city’s cuisine incorporates flavors from various Sudanese regions, offering a delicious blend of spices and ingredients.

The Sudanese National Opera House is located in Khartoum.

It hosts various cultural events and performances, promoting Sudanese arts and entertainment.

Khartoum is a center for Islamic scholarship.

The city is home to renowned Islamic institutions and mosques, attracting scholars and students from around the world.

The Friendship Hall is an iconic landmark in Khartoum.

Originally built as a conference center, it now serves as a venue for exhibitions, conferences, and cultural events.

Khartoum has a growing film industry.

The city has produced several acclaimed Sudanese films that have gained recognition on the international stage.

The Presidential Palace Museum offers insights into Sudan’s history.

Located within the Presidential Palace complex, the museum houses historical artifacts and documents.

Khartoum is home to the Sudan National Library.

This library houses a vast collection of books, manuscripts, and documents, serving as an important resource for researchers.

The Khartoum International Fair is an annual trade event.

It attracts exhibitors and visitors from various industries, promoting economic development and international cooperation.

Khartoum has a diverse range of architectural styles.

From modern high-rise buildings to traditional Sudanese mud-brick houses, the city’s architecture reflects its rich heritage.

Khartoum has a vibrant street food culture.

Locals enjoy delicacies such as ful medames (a traditional dish made from fava beans), kabab, and kisra (a type of Sudanese bread).

The Sudan National TV headquarters is located in Khartoum.

This television station broadcasts a variety of programs, including news, entertainment, and cultural shows.

Khartoum has several parks and gardens.

From the lush Green Yard Park to the peaceful Mogran Park along the Nile, these green spaces offer a retreat from the bustling city.

The Sudan Railways Corporation is headquartered in Khartoum.

It operates a rail network connecting different parts of Sudan, facilitating trade and transportation.

Khartoum serves as a gateway to explore Sudan’s ancient archaeological sites.

From the pyramids of Meroe to the ancient city of Naga, there are numerous historical sites within reach of the city.

The Sudan National Theater is a prominent cultural venue in Khartoum.

It hosts various theatrical performances, including Sudanese plays, classical dramas, and contemporary productions.

Khartoum is renowned for its traditional handicrafts.

From leatherwork and basketry to pottery and weaving, artisans in the city create exquisite handmade products.

The Sudanese Football Association is headquartered in Khartoum.

Football is a popular sport in the country, and Khartoum serves as a hub for football activities and competitions.

Khartoum is served by an extensive network of public transportation.

From buses and taxis to river ferries, getting around the city is convenient and accessible to both residents and tourists.

The Sudan National Archives is located in Khartoum.

It preserves historical documents, photographs, and manuscripts, providing valuable insights into Sudan’s past.

Khartoum hosts international conferences and summits.

The city is a diplomatic center, welcoming delegates from around the world to discuss important global issues.

Khartoum is surrounded by beautiful desert landscapes.

From the Red Sea Hills to the Bayuda Desert, there are opportunities for desert adventures and exploration near the city.

The Sudanese Ministry of Culture and Information is based in Khartoum.

It plays a vital role in promoting Sudanese cultural heritage and disseminating information to the public.

Khartoum has a thriving fashion industry.

Local designers showcase their creations at fashion shows, bringing Sudanese fashion to the forefront.

The Sudan National Museum of Ethnography is located in Khartoum.

It displays a wide range of cultural artifacts and offers insights into Sudan’s diverse ethnic groups.

Khartoum is a city of contrasts.

From towering modern skyscrapers to ancient historic sites, the city seamlessly blends old and new, tradition and innovation.


In conclusion, Khartoum is a vibrant city with a rich history, diverse culture, and numerous attractions. From its bustling markets and traditional music to its impressive architecture and scenic Nile River, there is something for everyone to enjoy in this Sudanese capital. Whether you are a history buff, an adventure seeker, or a food lover, Khartoum offers a unique and memorable experience. With a growing economy and increasing tourism, Khartoum continues to develop and evolve, making it an exciting destination to visit. So, why wait? Plan your trip to Khartoum today and explore all that this fascinating city has to offer!


Q: What is the best time to visit Khartoum?

A: The best time to visit Khartoum is during the cool and dry season, which spans from December to February. The temperatures are pleasant, and it is the perfect time to explore the city’s outdoor attractions.

Q: Is Khartoum a safe city for tourists?

A: Khartoum is relatively safe for tourists. However, like any other city, it is important to take precautions and be aware of your surroundings. It is advisable to follow the local customs and dress modestly to respect the cultural norms.

Q: What are some must-visit attractions in Khartoum?

A: Some must-visit attractions in Khartoum include the Sudan National Museum, Nile Street, Al-Mogran Family Park, and the Omdurman Souq. These places offer unique insights into the city’s history, culture, and vibrant atmosphere.

Q: What is the local cuisine like in Khartoum?

A: The local cuisine in Khartoum is diverse and flavorful. Some popular dishes to try include Ful Medames (a bean-based dish), Kofta (grilled meatballs), and Kebab (grilled meat skewers). There are also various traditional Sudanese drinks and desserts worth exploring.

Q: Is English widely spoken in Khartoum?

A: While Arabic is the official language in Khartoum, English is commonly spoken, especially in tourist areas, hotels, and restaurants. However, it is always useful to learn a few basic Arabic phrases to enhance your travel experience.