Edithe Neuman

Edithe Neuman

Modified & Updated: 08 Sep 2023

Source: Today.com

Black eyed beans, also known as black-eyed peas or cowpeas, are a versatile and nutritious legume that has been consumed for centuries across various cultures. These small, oval-shaped beans feature a distinct black spot on their creamy white skin, giving them their name. Black eyed beans are not only a staple in many traditional dishes but also offer a wide range of health benefits.

In this article, we will explore 15 fascinating facts about black eyed beans, from their rich history and cultural significance to their impressive nutritional profile. Whether you are a fan of this legume or are curious to learn more about it, read on to discover the intriguing facts that make black eyed beans a worthy addition to your diet.

Table of Contents

Black Eyed Beans Have Been Cultivated for Centuries

Black eyed beans, also known as black-eyed peas or cowpeas, have a rich history of cultivation dating back thousands of years. They were first cultivated in Africa and have since spread to different parts of the world, becoming a staple food in many cultures.

High in Nutritional Value

Black eyed beans are highly nutritious and are packed with essential vitamins and minerals. They are a great source of dietary fiber, protein, folate, iron, and potassium. Incorporating them into your diet can help promote a healthy lifestyle.

Versatile in Cooking

Black eyed beans can be cooked in various ways, making them a versatile ingredient in the kitchen. They can be boiled, sautéed, or added to soups, stews, and salads. They can also be ground into flour or used to make delicious spreads like hummus.

Symbolize Good Luck

In many cultures, black eyed beans are believed to symbolize good luck and prosperity. They are often consumed during New Year celebrations as a tradition to bring good fortune and abundance for the coming year.

Beneficial for Heart Health

Black eyed beans are low in fat and cholesterol, making them a heart-healthy food choice. Their high fiber content helps to reduce cholesterol levels and maintain a healthy cardiovascular system.

Excellent Source of Plant-Based Protein

For those following a vegetarian or vegan diet, black eyed beans are a fantastic source of plant-based protein. They provide an essential amino acid profile and can be used as a primary protein source in various dishes.

Rich in Antioxidants

Black eyed beans are rich in antioxidants, which help protect the body against free radicals and oxidative stress. Antioxidants play a crucial role in reducing the risk of chronic diseases, including certain types of cancer.

Supports Digestive Health

Thanks to their high fiber content, black eyed beans promote good digestive health. Fiber aids in regulating bowel movements, preventing constipation, and maintaining a healthy gut microbiome.

May Aid in Weight Management

Due to their high fiber and protein content, black eyed beans can help you feel fuller for longer, reducing the likelihood of overeating. Incorporating them into your meals may support weight management efforts.

Versatile for Plant-Based Diets

Black eyed beans are a popular choice for individuals following plant-based or vegetarian diets. They provide essential nutrients and can be used as a substitute for meat in various recipes.

Helps Regulate Blood Sugar Levels

The soluble fiber found in black eyed beans can help regulate blood sugar levels by slowing down glucose absorption. This makes them a suitable choice for individuals with diabetes or those at risk of developing the condition.

Promotes Bone Health

Black eyed beans are a good source of calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus, which are essential minerals for maintaining strong and healthy bones. Regular consumption may contribute to overall bone health and prevent conditions like osteoporosis.

Contains Essential Vitamins

Black eyed beans are rich in vitamins like vitamin A, vitamin C, and various B vitamins. These vitamins play a vital role in maintaining a healthy immune system, promoting glowing skin, and supporting overall well-being.

Environmentally Friendly Crop

Black eyed beans are considered an environmentally friendly crop due to their ability to fix nitrogen in the soil. Nitrogen fixation helps improve soil fertility and reduces the need for synthetic fertilizers, making them a sustainable food choice.

Can Be Stored for Long Periods

Black eyed beans have a long shelf life and can be stored for extended periods without losing their quality and nutritional value. This makes them a convenient pantry staple, ensuring a readily available source of nutrition.


Black eyed beans, also known as black eyed peas, are a versatile and nutritious legume that can be enjoyed in a variety of dishes. From soups and stews to salads and dips, these beans provide a good source of protein, fiber, and essential nutrients. They are not only delicious but also offer several health benefits, such as improving digestion, promoting heart health, and aiding in weight management.

Whether you’re a fan of traditional Southern cuisine or looking to incorporate more plant-based protein into your diet, black eyed beans are a fantastic choice. So next time you’re planning your meals, consider adding these tasty legumes for a nutritious and satisfying option.


1. Are black eyed beans and black eyed peas the same thing?

Yes, black eyed beans and black eyed peas refer to the same legume. They are small, white beans with a black “eye” at the center, hence the name.

2. How do I cook black eyed beans?

To cook black eyed beans, start by soaking them overnight in water. Drain and rinse the beans, then transfer them to a pot with fresh water. Bring to a boil, reduce the heat, and simmer until the beans are tender, typically about 45 minutes to an hour.

3. Can I freeze cooked black eyed beans?

Absolutely! Cooked black eyed beans can be frozen for later use. Allow them to cool completely, then transfer them to airtight containers or freezer bags. They can be stored in the freezer for up to 3 months.

4. Are black eyed beans gluten-free?

Yes, black eyed beans are naturally gluten-free, making them an excellent choice for individuals with gluten intolerance or Celiac disease.

5. How should I store dried black eyed beans?

Dried black eyed beans should be stored in a cool, dry place, such as a pantry or cupboard. Keep them in a tightly sealed container to maintain freshness and prevent moisture from getting in.