Louisa Michaud

Written by Louisa Michaud

Modified & Updated: 28 May 2024

Jessica Corbett

Reviewed by Jessica Corbett

Source: Polarsteps.com

Chardzhou, also known as Turkmenabat, is a city located in the eastern part of Turkmenistan. This vibrant city holds a rich history and offers a variety of cultural and historical attractions, making it an intriguing destination for travelers from around the world.

In this article, we will delve into 40 fascinating facts about Chardzhou, shedding light on its unique characteristics, landmarks, and local traditions. From its ancient roots as a strategic trading hub along the Silk Road to its modern-day significance as a major industrial center, Chardzhou has a story to tell at every turn.

So, whether you’re planning a visit to this captivating city or simply curious to learn more, join us as we explore the enchanting world of Chardzhou and discover the hidden gems that lie within.

Key Takeaways:

  • Chardzhou, the capital of Turkmenistan, is a vibrant city with a rich history, diverse culture, and stunning natural landscapes, making it a must-visit destination for travelers seeking unique experiences.
  • From its famous melons and cotton industry to its vibrant bazaars, festivals, and cultural landmarks, Chardzhou offers a delightful blend of history, tradition, and modernity, creating a captivating and memorable travel experience.
Table of Contents

Chardzhou is the capital and largest city of Turkmenistan.

Tucked away in the southeastern part of the country, Chardzhou is a vibrant hub of culture, history, and natural beauty.

Chardzhou is known for its rich history dating back to the 6th century.

This ancient city has witnessed the rise and fall of numerous civilizations, leaving behind an intriguing tapestry of historical landmarks.

The name “Chardzhou” translates to “four canals” in Turkmen.

The city’s name pays homage to its intricate network of irrigation canals, which have played a crucial role in sustaining agriculture in the region.

Chardzhou is home to the impressive Kugitang Nature Reserve.

This protected area boasts stunning landscapes, towering peaks, and diverse wildlife, making it a paradise for nature enthusiasts.

Chardzhou is famous for its melons.

The region’s fertile soil and favorable climate contribute to the cultivation of some of the sweetest and juiciest melons in the world.

The city of Chardzhou experiences a desert climate.

With hot summers and mild winters, it’s advisable to visit during spring or autumn to enjoy more pleasant temperatures.

Chardzhou is surrounded by the Karakum Desert.

This vast expanse of sand dunes creates a mesmerizing backdrop and offers opportunities for desert exploration.

The city’s skyline is dominated by the Turkmenistan Tower.

Standing at an impressive height of 211 meters, it is one of the tallest structures in Turkmenistan and offers panoramic views of Chardzhou.

Chardzhou is a melting pot of different ethnicities.

The city is home to Turkmen, Russians, Uzbeks, Kazakhs, and other communities, creating a diverse and culturally rich atmosphere.

The Ashgabat-Chardzhou railway is an important transportation link.

This railway connects Chardzhou to the capital city, Ashgabat, and facilitates the movement of people and goods between the two cities.

Chardzhou is renowned for its vibrant bazaars.

The bustling markets offer a wide variety of goods, including traditional crafts, spices, textiles, and fresh produce.

The city has a thriving cotton industry.

Chardzhou’s fertile lands make it an ideal location for cotton cultivation, contributing to Turkmenistan’s position as a major cotton producer.

Chardzhou is dotted with stunning architectural landmarks.

The city showcases a blend of modern and traditional architecture, with notable structures like the Rukhnama Monument and Dashoguz Stadium.

Chardzhou is a gateway to the ancient city of Merv.

Merv, a UNESCO World Heritage site, is located near Chardzhou and was once a major center along the Silk Road.

The Chardzhou State Museum of History and Ethnography offers insights into the region’s past.

Visitors can explore artifacts, exhibits, and archaeological findings that shed light on Chardzhou’s rich cultural heritage.

Chardzhou is a city of festivals.

The locals celebrate various events throughout the year, including the Turkmen Melon Festival and the Day of Chardzhou City.

Chardzhou is an important educational hub.

The city is home to several universities and educational institutions, attracting students from all over Turkmenistan and beyond.

The Chardzhou Grand Mosque is a prominent religious landmark.

The mosque’s stunning architecture, intricate designs, and peaceful ambiance make it a popular spot for locals and visitors alike.

Chardzhou is known for its delicious traditional cuisine.

Savor local dishes like manty (steamed dumplings), plov (pilaf), and shashlik (grilled meat) for a taste of authentic Turkmen flavors.

The Chardzhou Philharmonic Hall showcases a vibrant music scene.

Concerts, symphonies, and cultural performances are held at this venue, creating a harmonious atmosphere for music enthusiasts.

Chardzhou is a city of parks and green spaces.

Take a leisurely stroll or have a picnic in parks like Oguzkhan Presidential Park and Vatan Park, which offer serene surroundings amidst the bustling city.

The Chardzhou Zoo is home to a variety of animal species.

Visitors can get up close and personal with animals like lions, bears, monkeys, and exotic birds, providing an educational and entertaining experience.

Chardzhou boasts a vibrant nightlife scene.

From bustling bars to lively nightclubs, the city offers a wide array of entertainment options for nocturnal revelers.

The Chardzhou International Airport connects the city to various international destinations.

Travelers can conveniently fly in and out of Chardzhou, making it easily accessible for tourists from around the world.

Chardzhou is a center of traditional Turkmen crafts.

Handwoven carpets, traditional jewelry, and intricate embroidery are just a few examples of the exquisite craftsmanship found in the city.

The Chardzhou State Puppet Theater delights audiences of all ages.

With captivating puppet shows and engaging performances, the theater offers a dose of entertainment for families and children.

Chardzhou is a city of sports enthusiasts.

The locals enjoy various sports, including football, tennis, wrestling, and traditional Turkmen horse racing.

The Chardzhou Clock Tower is a notable landmark.

This ornate clock tower not only tells time but also serves as a meeting point for locals and a popular spot for capturing memorable photographs.

Chardzhou is a gateway to the scenic Badkhyz Nature Reserve.

Nature lovers can explore the diverse flora and fauna of this protected area, which is known for its unique ecosystems.

The Chardzhou State Drama Theater showcases captivating performances.

From theatrical plays to dance recitals, the theater delights audiences with its artistic productions.

Chardzhou is known for its traditional Turkmen carpets.

The intricate designs and vibrant colors of these carpets are a testament to the region’s rich weaving traditions.

The Chardzhou Opera and Ballet Theater is a cultural gem.

This grand theater hosts captivating opera performances and graceful ballet shows, adding to Chardzhou’s cultural vibrancy.

Chardzhou is surrounded by picturesque landscapes.

From lush green valleys to rocky mountains, the city offers breathtaking views that are perfect for landscape photography.

The Chardzhou State Art Museum showcases a diverse collection of artworks.

Art enthusiasts can admire paintings, sculptures, and other forms of artistic expression at this esteemed cultural institution.

Chardzhou is a city of poets and writers.

The city fosters a literary culture, with many renowned Turkmen poets and writers calling Chardzhou their home.

The Chardzhou Olympic Sports Complex hosts various sporting events.

From athletics to swimming, the complex provides state-of-the-art facilities for both professional athletes and sports enthusiasts.

Chardzhou is renowned for its traditional Turkmen jewelry.

Adorn yourself with beautifully crafted rings, necklaces, and bracelets, showcasing the region’s intricate metalwork and gemstone embellishments.

The Chardzhou State Circus offers thrilling performances.

Witness breathtaking acrobatics, daring stunts, and humorous acts at this lively circus, creating an entertaining experience for all.

Chardzhou is a city of cultural celebrations.

Experience traditional Turkmen festivals like Nowruz (New Year) and Kurban Bairam (Eid al-Adha) in Chardzhou, embracing the local customs and traditions.

Chardzhou is a gateway to the ancient Parthian city of Nisa.

Nisa, a UNESCO World Heritage site, offers a glimpse into the region’s past with its well-preserved architecture and archaeological ruins.

Exploring Chardzhou is a delightful journey filled with history, culture, and natural beauty. Whether you’re visiting the city for its remarkable landmarks, indulging in the local cuisine, or immersing yourself in the vibrant cultural scene, Chardzhou has something to offer to every traveler. Discover the hidden gems of this enchanting city and create unforgettable memories in the heart of Turkmenistan.


In conclusion, Chardzhou, also known as Ashgabat, is a fascinating city with a rich history, vibrant culture, and breathtaking architecture. From its ancient roots to its modern transformation, Chardzhou has become a thriving and dynamic metropolis that offers a unique blend of historical landmarks, natural beauty, and modern amenities.

With its many museums, bazaars, and religious sites, Chardzhou is a haven for history enthusiasts and curious travelers alike. From exploring the ruins of ancient civilizations to marveling at the grandeur of the Monument of Independence, there is no shortage of things to see and do in this captivating city.

Additionally, Chardzhou stands out for its commitment to urban development and futuristic architecture. The city boasts numerous world record-breaking structures, including the tallest flagpole and the largest indoor Ferris wheel. Its striking skyline, illuminated by futuristic buildings, is a testament to the city’s progress and development.

If you’re planning a visit to Chardzhou, you can expect a mix of cultural experiences, architectural wonders, and warm hospitality. It is a city that has something for everyone, whether you are interested in history, art, cuisine, or simply wandering through its bustling streets.

So, don’t miss an opportunity to discover the captivating charm of Chardzhou and experience the best that this extraordinary city has to offer.


Q: What is the history of Chardzhou?

A: Chardzhou has a rich historical heritage that dates back to ancient times. It was an important city along the Silk Road and has witnessed the rise and fall of various empires throughout history.

Q: What are some must-visit attractions in Chardzhou?

A: Some of the must-visit attractions in Chardzhou include the Monument of Independence, the National Museum of History, the Tolkuchka Bazaar, and the Turkmen Carpet Museum.

Q: What is the best time to visit Chardzhou?

A: The best time to visit Chardzhou is during the spring and autumn seasons when the weather is pleasant and mild. Summers can be extremely hot, while winters can be cold.

Q: What is the local cuisine like in Chardzhou?

A: The local cuisine in Chardzhou is diverse and influenced by various cultures. Traditional dishes include palaw (rice dish), shashlik (grilled skewered meat), and a variety of flavorful soups.

Q: Can I explore the surrounding areas of Chardzhou?

A: Yes, Chardzhou is located in a region with many natural attractions. You can visit the ancient city of Nisa, the stunning Kopet Dag Mountains, and the breathtaking Darvaza Gas Crater.

Chardzhou's fascinating history, vibrant culture, and stunning landscapes make it a captivating destination. Uncover more intriguing facts about Central Asia, where ancient trade routes like the legendary Silk Road once flourished. Discover the untold stories of majestic rivers such as the Amu Darya, which have shaped civilizations for centuries. Embark on a journey through time and explore the hidden gems that await in this enchanting region.

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