Clara Wingfield

Clara Wingfield

Modified & Updated: 23 Sep 2023


Cairo, the bustling and vibrant capital city of Egypt, holds a rich and captivating history that dates back thousands of years. Known as “The City of a Thousand Minarets,” Cairo is a melting pot of cultures, traditions, and architectural wonders. From the majestic Egyptian pyramids to the magnificent mosques and bustling markets, Cairo offers a mesmerizing blend of ancient wonders and modern delights.

In this article, we will delve into 32 fascinating facts about Cairo that showcase the city’s unique charm and allure. From its iconic landmarks to its rich cultural heritage, Cairo has much to offer for both history enthusiasts and modern explorers. So, let’s dive into the enchanting world of Cairo and discover what makes this city an unparalleled destination for travelers from all around the globe!

Table of Contents

Cairo is the capital city of Egypt.

Cairo, the largest city in Africa, serves as the political, cultural, and economic center of Egypt.

Cairo is situated on the banks of the Nile River.

The city’s strategic location on the Nile has contributed to its historical significance and growth over the centuries.

Cairo is home to the iconic Giza Pyramids.

The Great Pyramid of Giza, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, is located just outside Cairo.

Cairo has a rich and diverse history dating back to ancient times.

Pharaohs, Islamic rulers, and various foreign powers have all left their mark on the city, creating a captivating cultural tapestry.

Cairo’s population exceeds 20 million people.

With its bustling streets and vibrant neighborhoods, Cairo is a bustling metropolis and one of the most populous cities in the world.

Cairo experiences a desert climate.

The city is known for its hot, dry summers and mild winters, making it an attractive destination for tourists year-round.

Cairo is a major hub for Islamic architecture.

Mosques and Islamic monuments scattered throughout the city showcase the stunning architectural heritage of Egypt.

Cairo is renowned for its bustling markets and bazaars.

The Khan el-Khalili market is a popular tourist attraction, offering a wide variety of traditional crafts, spices, and souvenirs.

Cairo’s Egyptian Museum houses thousands of ancient artifacts.

The museum is home to treasures from King Tutankhamun’s tomb, including his famous golden mask.

Cairo is a city of contrasts, blending ancient and modern elements.

Skyscrapers share the skyline with ancient temples, creating a unique visual spectacle.

Cairo has a thriving arts and cultural scene.

The city is home to numerous theaters, galleries, and music venues that showcase both local and international talent.

Cairo is known for its delicious Middle Eastern cuisine.

Favorites include kebabs, falafel, koshari, and of course, the famous Egyptian street food, shawarma.

Cairo’s traffic can be chaotic.

The city is notorious for its congested roads and bustling streets, requiring patience and skilled navigation.

Cairo is home to Al-Azhar University, one of the oldest universities in the world.

Established in 970 AD, the university is renowned for its Islamic studies and contributions to education.

Cairo’s Al-Azhar Park offers a tranquil oasis in the heart of the city.

The park provides stunning views of Cairo’s skyline and is a popular spot for locals and tourists to relax and unwind.

Cairo has inspired many famous writers and artists.

The city’s vibrant energy and rich history have served as a muse for numerous creatives throughout the years.

Cairo is home to the Citadel of Salah al-Din.

This medieval Islamic fortification offers panoramic views of the city and houses several mosques and museums.

Cairo has been a setting for several Hollywood films.

Famous movies such as “The Mummy” and “Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade” have showcased Cairo’s mystical allure on the big screen.

Cairo hosts the Cairo International Film Festival.

As one of the oldest film festivals in the Middle East, it attracts filmmakers and cinema enthusiasts from around the world.

Cairo boasts a vibrant nightlife scene.

From trendy rooftop bars to lively nightclubs, there are plenty of options for those seeking entertainment after sunset.

Cairo’s Old Cairo district is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

This historic neighborhood houses numerous landmarks, including the famous Coptic Cairo and the Hanging Church.

Cairo’s metro system is one of the oldest in Africa.

The efficient metro system provides an affordable and convenient way for residents and visitors to navigate the city.

Cairo is known for its lively street food culture.

From savoring delicious falafel sandwiches to indulging in sweet Egyptian desserts, the city’s street food scene is a culinary adventure.

Cairo is home to a diverse population.

People from all walks of life, cultures, and religions have made Cairo their home, contributing to its multicultural fabric.

Cairo’s Salah El-Din Al-Ayoubi Mosque is one of the largest mosques in the world.

Its grand architecture and intricate designs make it a must-visit for architectural enthusiasts.

Cairo serves as a gateway to the Red Sea Riviera.

From Cairo, travelers can easily access popular beach destinations like Hurghada and Sharm El Sheikh.

Cairo has a vibrant music scene.

From traditional Egyptian music to modern fusion, the city offers a diverse range of musical experiences.

Cairo’s Tahrir Square is a historic site of political significance.

It was the focal point of the Egyptian Revolution in 2011 and remains a symbol of the country’s fight for democracy.

Cairo is home to several prestigious educational institutions.

Universities such as Cairo University and American University in Cairo attract students from across the globe.

Cairo’s Ibn Tulun Mosque is one of the oldest mosques in Egypt.

Its unique architecture and serene atmosphere make it a popular tourist destination.

Cairo has a bustling arts and crafts industry.

Local artisans create beautiful handcrafted products, including intricate ceramics, textiles, and jewelry.

Cairo’s vibrant festivals celebrate the country’s rich heritage.

Events like the Cairo Opera House’s annual Egyptian National Festival showcase the best of Egyptian arts and culture.


In conclusion, Cairo is a city rich in history, culture, and diversity. From the majestic pyramids to the bustling markets, there is something for everyone to explore and experience in this vibrant city. The architectural wonders, such as the stunning mosques and palaces, showcase the city’s rich heritage. Cairo’s vibrant street life, delicious cuisine, and warm hospitality make it a truly unique destination. Whether you are a history buff, an adventure seeker, or simply looking to immerse yourself in a different culture, Cairo offers a myriad of activities and attractions that will leave you awe-inspired. Plan your visit to Cairo and get ready to be captivated by its charm and beauty.


1. What is the best time to visit Cairo?
The best time to visit Cairo is during the months of October to April when the weather is pleasant and mild. The scorching summer heat can be quite intense, so it is advisable to avoid visiting during that time.

2. What are the must-see attractions in Cairo?
Some of the must-see attractions in Cairo include the Great Pyramids of Giza, the Egyptian Museum, the Cairo Citadel, Khan El Khalili Bazaar, and the Nile River.

3. Is Cairo a safe city for tourists?
Cairo is generally a safe city for tourists, but it is always recommended to take necessary precautions and be aware of your surroundings. It is advisable to follow the advice of local authorities and avoid traveling alone at night in unfamiliar areas.

4. What is the local cuisine like in Cairo?
Cairo is known for its delicious and diverse cuisine. Some popular dishes include koshari (a mixture of rice, pasta, lentils, and onions), ful medames (slow-cooked fava beans), and kofta (grilled minced meat skewers).

5. How do I get around in Cairo?
Cairo has a well-connected transportation system that includes taxis, buses, and the Cairo Metro. Taxi and ride-sharing services are also available. However, traffic can be congested, so it is advisable to plan your travel accordingly and allow for extra time.