Karola Kuykendall

Written by Karola Kuykendall

Modified & Updated: 02 Mar 2024

Sherman Smith

Reviewed by Sherman Smith

Source: Trip.com

Xuchang is a city located in the Henan province of China. Known for its rich history and cultural heritage, Xuchang offers a plethora of attractions and interesting facts that make it a fascinating destination for travelers. From its ancient roots as a capital city during the Zhou Dynasty to its modern-day prominence as a hub for hair and wig manufacturing, Xuchang has a unique blend of tradition and innovation. Whether you’re interested in exploring historical sites, experiencing vibrant festivals, or delving into the local cuisine, Xuchang has something for everyone. In this article, we will uncover 30 fascinating facts about Xuchang that will give you a deeper understanding and appreciation for this captivating city.

Key Takeaways:

  • Xuchang, China, is a vibrant city with a rich history dating back over 2,600 years. Known as the “Hair Capital of China,” it’s famous for its hair industry and traditional Chinese folk art, Nuo Drama.
  • With a population of over 4 million, Xuchang offers a high quality of life, modern transportation, and a welcoming atmosphere. It’s a popular destination for cultural and historical tourism, boasting scenic parks, delicious cuisine, and a thriving cultural scene.
Table of Contents

Xuchang is a city in Henan Province, China.

Located in central China, Xuchang is a vibrant city with a rich cultural heritage.

It is known as the “Hair Capital of China”.

Xuchang is famous for its hair industry, producing a large portion of the world’s human hair extensions.

The city has a history dating back over 2,600 years.

Xuchang has a long and storied history, with archaeological evidence suggesting human habitation as early as the Neolithic period.

It was the capital of the Han Dynasty for a brief period.

During the Three Kingdoms period, Xuchang served as the capital of the Han Dynasty under the rule of Liu Bei.

Xuchang is home to the renowned Xuchang University.

The city is a hub for higher education, housing several universities and colleges, including Xuchang University.

It is known for its traditional Chinese folk art, Nuo Drama.

Nuo Drama is a unique form of Chinese opera that originated in Xuchang and is recognized as a UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage.

Xuchang is famous for its delicious local cuisine.

The city is known for dishes such as Xuchang Marinated Chicken, Xuchang Noodles, and Xuchang Rice Dumplings which are loved by locals and visitors alike.

It is home to the renowned Xuchang Silk Road Park.

Xuchang Silk Road Park is a beautiful recreational area that showcases the historic Silk Road and its cultural significance.

Xuchang is the birthplace of the ancient Chinese philosopher, Mencius.

Mencius, one of the most important Confucian philosophers, was born in Zoucheng, which is now part of Xuchang.

The city is famous for its annual Peach Blossom Festival.

Every spring, Xuchang hosts the Peach Blossom Festival, where visitors can enjoy the breathtaking beauty of blooming peach blossoms.

Xuchang is well-connected by transportation.

The city has a modern transportation network, including an airport, railway station, and extensive highway system.

It is home to the Xuchang Archaeological Site Museum.

This museum showcases the rich archaeological finds from Xuchang and surrounding areas, providing a glimpse into the city’s ancient history.

Xuchang has a population of over 4 million people.

With a large population, Xuchang is a thriving city filled with diverse communities and a bustling cityscape.

The city is famous for its traditional Chinese festivals.

Throughout the year, Xuchang hosts various traditional festivals, including the Lantern Festival, Dragon Boat Festival, and Mid-Autumn Festival.

Xuchang is a major center for the production of agricultural products.

The fertile land surrounding the city allows for the cultivation of crops such as wheat, corn, cotton, and peanuts.

The city has a subtropical monsoon climate.

Xuchang experiences four distinct seasons, with hot summers and relatively mild winters.

It is home to several historical sites and landmarks.

Xuchang is dotted with ancient temples, pagodas, and historical sites that offer a glimpse into the city’s rich past.

Xuchang is a center for hair-related research and development.

The city’s thriving hair industry fuels innovation and research in the field, making it a global leader in hair-related technology and products.

The city is known for its annual Dragon Boat Race.

Each year, Xuchang hosts a thrilling Dragon Boat Race during the Dragon Boat Festival, attracting participants and spectators from all over.

Xuchang has a modern and well-equipped healthcare system.

The city boasts numerous hospitals and medical facilities that provide high-quality healthcare services to residents and visitors.

The city’s economy is supported by various industries including agriculture, manufacturing, and services.

Xuchang is a diverse and dynamic economic hub, with a strong focus on agriculture, textile manufacturing, and service industries.

Xuchang is home to many scenic parks and gardens.

From Xuchang Sports Park to Yunju Mountain Park, the city offers plenty of green spaces for residents and tourists to relax and enjoy nature.

The city has a vibrant cultural scene.

Xuchang is a hub for the arts, with theaters, art galleries, and cultural centers showcasing the talents of local artists and performers.

Xuchang is known for its traditional folk customs.

The city has a strong connection to its cultural heritage, with traditional customs and practices being celebrated and passed down through generations.

It is home to the famous Guan Yu Temple.

Guan Yu Temple, dedicated to the revered warrior Guan Yu, is a popular tourist attraction in Xuchang.

Xuchang is a welcoming and friendly city.

The locals of Xuchang are known for their warm hospitality, making visitors feel at home in this charming city.

The city has a well-preserved ancient city wall.

Xuchang’s ancient city wall is a testament to its historical significance and offers panoramic views of the city.

Xuchang is a city of innovation and entrepreneurship.

The city fosters a supportive environment for startups and is home to numerous technology and innovation parks.

It is a popular destination for cultural and historical tourism.

Xuchang’s rich history, cultural heritage, and stunning landmarks make it a must-visit city for tourists interested in Chinese culture.

Xuchang offers a high quality of life.

With its modern infrastructure, excellent educational institutions, and abundant recreational opportunities, Xuchang provides a comfortable and enjoyable living environment.


Xuchang is a fascinating city with a rich history, vibrant culture, and numerous attractions. From its stunning natural landscapes to its historical sites and delicious cuisine, there is something for everyone to enjoy in Xuchang. Whether you’re interested in exploring ancient temples, immersing yourself in traditional Chinese customs, or simply experiencing the charm of a bustling city, Xuchang has it all.

With its strategic location, Xuchang serves as a gateway to the wonders of Henan Province. Visitors can easily access nearby attractions such as the Shaolin Temple, the Longmen Grottoes, and the picturesque Yuntai Mountain. The city’s modern infrastructure, friendly locals, and excellent transportation make it a convenient and enjoyable destination for both domestic and international travelers.

Whether you’re a history enthusiast, a nature lover, or a foodie seeking new culinary experiences, Xuchang is sure to captivate your heart and leave you with unforgettable memories of your visit.


Q: What is the best time to visit Xuchang?

A: The best time to visit Xuchang is during the spring (April to June) and autumn (September to November) seasons when the weather is pleasant and comfortable.

Q: How do I get to Xuchang?

A: Xuchang has excellent transportation connections. You can reach the city by air, train, or bus. Xuchang has its own airport, and it’s also well-connected by rail and bus networks.

Q: What are the must-visit attractions in Xuchang?

A: Some of the must-visit attractions in Xuchang include the Xuchang Museum, Temple of Princess Wencheng, Yunmengshan National Forest Park, and the Chunqiu Land Theme Park.

Q: Can I try local cuisine in Xuchang?

A: Absolutely! Xuchang is famous for its delicious cuisine, especially its braised dishes and spicy food. Don’t miss trying Xuchang’s signature dish, “Xuchang Braised Pork.”

Q: Are there any festivals or events in Xuchang?

A: Xuchang celebrates various festivals throughout the year, such as the Lantern Festival, the Qingming Festival, and the Mid-Autumn Festival. These events offer a glimpse into the city’s rich cultural heritage.

Q: Are there any nearby attractions worth visiting?

A: Xuchang is located near several attractions, including the Shaolin Temple, the Longmen Grottoes, and the Yuntai Mountain. These sites are easily accessible from Xuchang and are definitely worth a visit.

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