Written by Sunny

Modified & Updated: 16 May 2024

Jessica Corbett

Reviewed by Jessica Corbett

Macaw parrot flying

When it comes to fascinating, intelligent birds, parrots are up there with the best. These beautiful creatures stand out with their brightly colored feathers and loud calls. But there’s much more to these amazing animals than meets the eye! If you’ve ever been curious about parrots, then you’re in luck – we’ve gathered 14 incredible facts that will expand your knowledge on why parrots are so special. Read on to learn all about their unique abilities and behaviors!

Table of Contents

Parrots come in many sizes.

Parrots range in size from the tiny Buff-faced Pygmy Parrot, which barely reaches 10 cm in length, to the Hyacinth Macaw, the longest parrot species, stretching up to a meter from beak to tail.

They have a long lifespan.

Some parrot species can live for over 80 years, with the Sulphur-crested Cockatoo and African Grey Parrot being known for their particularly long lifespans.

Parrots are found all over the world.

While most species are native to the tropics and subtropics, parrots inhabit every continent except Antarctica. Australia, South America, and Central America boast the greatest diversity of species.

They have strong beaks.

Parrots have zygodactyl feet (two toes facing forward and two backward), which, along with their strong, curved beaks, make them adept climbers and manipulators of food and objects.

Parrots are social animals.

Parrots are highly social and usually live in flocks. They communicate with each other using loud calls and display complex behaviors within their group.

They are known for their intelligence.

Parrots are among the most intelligent bird species. Some, like the African Grey Parrot, are known for their problem-solving skills and ability to mimic human speech.

African Grey Parrot
Image from Adobe Stock

Parrots are omnivores.

Most parrots eat a diet that includes nuts, seeds, fruit, and nectar, but some will also eat insects and small animals.

They exhibit monogamous behavior.

Parrots often form strong pair bonds and most species are believed to mate for life. These monogamous relationships can result in joint nest building, incubation, and chick-rearing.

Parrots are threatened by habitat loss and the pet trade.

Many parrot species are threatened due to habitat loss, hunting, and the illegal pet trade. International conservation efforts are underway to protect these beautiful birds.

They are known for their vibrant colors.

Parrots are known for their brilliantly colored feathers. This coloration is due to a combination of pigments and the structure of the feathers, which can scatter light to produce bright, iridescent colors.

Two Macaw Parrots playing in an aviary
Image from Adobe Stock

Parrots use tools.

Some parrots have been observed using tools, such as sticks or pebbles, to obtain food – a sign of their high intelligence.

There are around 393 species of parrots.

The parrot family, Psittacidae, includes about 393 species, including parakeets, macaws, cockatoos, and others.

Read more about the different types of parrots on Facts!

Some parrots are nocturnal.

Most parrots are diurnal, but a few species, like the Kakapo of New Zealand, are nocturnal and active at night.

Parrots can be trained.

Thanks to their high intelligence, parrots can be trained to perform tricks, understand commands, and even communicate using human language.


Parrots are incredibly enchanting creatures, possessing a range of interesting characteristics that make them stand out among their feathered friends. Though the sad truth is that human interference has resulted in a decrease in wild parrot populations, these wonderful animals continue to captivate through their intelligence and beauty. With the help of organizations like The International Union for Conservation of Nature, perhaps we can persevere to aid parrot conservation efforts and ensure the success of many species. Until then, we can commemorate these marvelous birds by learning more about them and appreciating these incredible facts that set them apart from the rest!

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