Parrot Facts



Published: 17 May 2023

Macaw parrot flying

When it comes to fascinating, intelligent birds, parrots are up there with the best. These beautiful creatures stand out with their brightly colored feathers and loud calls. But there’s much more to these amazing animals than meets the eye! If you’ve ever been curious about parrots, then you’re in luck – we’ve gathered 14 incredible facts that will expand your knowledge on why parrots are so special. Read on to learn all about their unique abilities and behaviors!

Table of Contents

Parrots come in many sizes.

Parrots range in size from the tiny Buff-faced Pygmy Parrot, which barely reaches 10 cm in length, to the Hyacinth Macaw, the longest parrot species, stretching up to a meter from beak to tail.

They have a long lifespan.

Some parrot species can live for over 80 years, with the Sulphur-crested Cockatoo and African Grey Parrot being known for their particularly long lifespans.

Parrots are found all over the world.

While most species are native to the tropics and subtropics, parrots inhabit every continent except Antarctica. Australia, South America, and Central America boast the greatest diversity of species.

They have strong beaks.

Parrots have zygodactyl feet (two toes facing forward and two backward), which, along with their strong, curved beaks, make them adept climbers and manipulators of food and objects.

Parrots are social animals.

Parrots are highly social and usually live in flocks. They communicate with each other using loud calls and display complex behaviors within their group.

They are known for their intelligence.

Parrots are among the most intelligent bird species. Some, like the African Grey Parrot, are known for their problem-solving skills and ability to mimic human speech.

African Grey Parrot
Image from Adobe Stock

Parrots are omnivores.

Most parrots eat a diet that includes nuts, seeds, fruit, and nectar, but some will also eat insects and small animals.

They exhibit monogamous behavior.

Parrots often form strong pair bonds and most species are believed to mate for life. These monogamous relationships can result in joint nest building, incubation, and chick-rearing.

Parrots are threatened by habitat loss and the pet trade.

Many parrot species are threatened due to habitat loss, hunting, and the illegal pet trade. International conservation efforts are underway to protect these beautiful birds.

They are known for their vibrant colors.

Parrots are known for their brilliantly colored feathers. This coloration is due to a combination of pigments and the structure of the feathers, which can scatter light to produce bright, iridescent colors.

Two Macaw Parrots playing in an aviary
Image from Adobe Stock

Parrots use tools.

Some parrots have been observed using tools, such as sticks or pebbles, to obtain food – a sign of their high intelligence.

There are around 393 species of parrots.

The parrot family, Psittacidae, includes about 393 species, including parakeets, macaws, cockatoos, and others.

Read more about the different types of parrots on Facts!

Some parrots are nocturnal.

Most parrots are diurnal, but a few species, like the Kakapo of New Zealand, are nocturnal and active at night.

Parrots can be trained.

Thanks to their high intelligence, parrots can be trained to perform tricks, understand commands, and even communicate using human language.


In conclusion, parrots are a unique blend of beauty, intelligence, and resilience. The vibrant plumage that we admire so much is not just for show; it plays a critical role in their survival, thanks to the natural antibacterial properties of the pigment psittacofulvins. Each fact about these fascinating creatures provides a deeper insight into their world, revealing a complex interplay of biology and behavior that continually captivates scientists and bird lovers alike.

The more we understand about these remarkable birds, the more we can contribute to their conservation and ensure their continued existence in the wild. So, whether it’s appreciating their intelligence, being captivated by their beauty, or learning from their unique characteristics, remember that each one plays a role in the grand tapestry of life on earth. Let’s continue to celebrate and protect these colorful ambassadors of the world’s tropical regions, ensuring their songs fill the air for generations to come.