Carmela Freeland

Written by Carmela Freeland

Modified & Updated: 18 May 2024

Jessica Corbett

Reviewed by Jessica Corbett


Lunar exploration has always captivated the minds of humanity, fueling our curiosity about the vast cosmos and the mysteries it holds. From the first landing on the moon by the Apollo 11 mission in 1969 to the recent advancements in technology, our understanding of Earth’s closest celestial neighbor has expanded significantly. In this article, we will delve into 20 surprising facts about lunar exploration that will transport you to the realm of the moon and its captivating history. Join us as we unearth fascinating nuggets of information about lunar missions, moonwalkers, lunar samples, and much more. Get ready to discover the awe-inspiring world of lunar exploration, where human endeavors have reached beyond our planet, leaving an indelible mark on the course of history.

Key Takeaways:

  • The moon has no air or weather, and astronauts can jump higher due to its lower gravity. Lunar exploration has revealed fascinating facts about our celestial neighbor, inspiring curiosity and wonder.
  • The moon’s surface preserves footprints and artifacts for millions of years, and its gravitational pull affects Earth’s tides. As we uncover more about the moon, the possibilities for future missions are endless!
Table of Contents

The first manned mission to the moon was Apollo 11 in 1969.

Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin became the first humans to set foot on the lunar surface during this historic mission.

The moon has no atmosphere.

Unlike Earth, the moon lacks air, which means there is no weather, wind, or air pressure on its surface.

The moon’s surface is covered in a layer of fine dust called regolith.

Regolith is composed of small rock fragments and dust created by meteor impacts over billions of years.

The moon has a lot of craters.

Due to the lack of atmosphere, the moon’s surface has been bombarded by asteroids and meteors, creating numerous impact craters.

The longest time spent on the moon’s surface was 22 hours and 31 minutes.

Eugene Cernan, the commander of Apollo 17, holds the record for the longest moonwalk.

The moon’s gravity is about one-sixth of Earth’s gravity.

This lower gravity allows astronauts to jump higher and objects to be lifted with less effort on the lunar surface.

The temperature on the moon can range from extremely hot to extremely cold.

During the lunar day, temperatures can reach up to 260 degrees Fahrenheit (127 degrees Celsius), while during the night, temperatures can drop to -280 degrees Fahrenheit (-173 degrees Celsius).

The first photograph of the Earth from the moon was taken by Apollo 8 astronaut William Anders.

This iconic image, known as “Earthrise,” captured the beauty and fragility of our planet.

Twelve astronauts have walked on the moon.

Between 1969 and 1972, six Apollo missions successfully landed astronauts on the lunar surface.

The moon is slowly moving away from Earth.

Each year, the moon drifts approximately 1.5 inches (3.8 centimeters) farther away from our planet.

Moon dust smells like gunpowder.

Apollo astronauts reported a distinct smell when returning to the lunar module after moonwalks.

The moon has seismic activity.

The moon experiences moonquakes caused by the gravitational interactions with the Earth.

The first spacecraft to land softly on the moon was Luna 2 in 1959.

This Soviet mission made history by being the first human-made object to reach the lunar surface.

The dark patches on the moon are called lunar seas or maria.

Contrary to their name, these regions are not actually bodies of water but large, flat plains formed by ancient volcanic eruptions.

Golf has been played on the moon.

On Apollo 14, astronaut Alan Shepard famously improvised a golf shot using a makeshift club and a golf ball.

Several nations have sent missions to the moon.

In addition to the United States, countries like Russia, China, India, and Israel have all explored the moon through various missions.

The footprints left by astronauts on the moon will remain for millions of years.

Without wind or water erosion, the footprints and other artifacts left by astronauts are preserved on the moon’s surface.

The far side of the moon is never visible from Earth.

Due to the moon’s synchronous rotation, the same side of the moon always faces Earth, while the other side remains hidden.

The moon has been a subject of speculation, myths, and conspiracy theories.

From claims of moon landing hoaxes to stories of hidden alien bases, the moon has captivated the human imagination throughout history.

The moon plays a vital role in Earth’s tides.

The moon’s gravitational pull influences the ocean tides on our planet, creating the ebb and flow of the sea.


Exploring the moon has been a fascinating journey for humanity, filled with surprises and discoveries. From the first manned mission to the moon to the recent advancements in lunar exploration, we have uncovered remarkable facts about our celestial neighbor. The moon continues to captivate us, offering insights into our past, present, and future in the vast universe.

As we delve deeper into lunar exploration, we are poised to make even more astonishing discoveries. The moon holds the key to understanding the origins of our solar system and the potential for human colonization beyond Earth. It serves as a stepping stone to further space exploration, opening up possibilities for scientific research, resource utilization, and unlocking the mysteries of the cosmos.

With each mission, we inch closer to unraveling the secrets of the moon. As technology advances and our understanding of the universe expands, there is no doubt that future lunar missions will continue to surprise us with new revelations. The exploration of the moon holds the promise of pushing the boundaries of human knowledge and paving the way for a future where humans venture further into space.


1. How many times has the moon been visited?

The moon has been visited six times by manned missions, with the Apollo program paving the way for lunar exploration.

2. How far is the moon from Earth?

The average distance between the moon and Earth is about 238,855 miles (384,400 kilometers).

3. Are there plans for future lunar missions?

Yes, several countries and space agencies have plans for future lunar missions, including NASA’s Artemis program, which aims to land humans back on the moon by 2024.

4. What have we learned from studying the moon?

Studying the moon has provided valuable insights into the formation of the solar system, the presence of water ice, the moon’s geology, and its potential as a future base for space exploration.

5. Are there any plans for lunar colonization?

Yes, there are plans for establishing human colonies on the moon in the future, with the intention of utilizing its resources and conducting long-term scientific research.

6. Can we see evidence of previous lunar missions?

Yes, the landing sites of the Apollo missions can be identified through telescopes and satellite imagery, providing visible evidence of humankind’s presence on the moon.

7. How does lunar exploration contribute to our understanding of the universe?

Lunar exploration contributes to our understanding of the universe by providing a platform for scientific research, testing equipment and technologies for future space missions, and potentially unlocking clues about the origins of life.

Lunar exploration never fails to captivate our imaginations. From the first manned mission to the moon's seismic activity, these surprising facts have piqued your curiosity about Earth's celestial companion. Why stop here? Astounding lunar mission facts await your discovery, offering even more mind-boggling insights into our cosmic neighbor. Flagstaff, Arizona also holds its own share of historic events and moments worth exploring. Satisfy your thirst for knowledge by diving into these engaging articles that promise to expand your understanding of both the cosmos and our own planet's rich history.

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