Stefa Rutland

Written by Stefa Rutland

Modified & Updated: 02 Mar 2024

Jessica Corbett

Reviewed by Jessica Corbett


When it comes to cheese, Parmesan holds a special place in the hearts (and stomachs) of food lovers all over the world. This iconic Italian cheese, known for its rich flavor and granular texture, has been around for centuries and continues to be a staple in many culinary creations.

In this article, we will delve into the fascinating world of Parmesan cheese and uncover 13 interesting facts that you may not know about this beloved dairy delight. From its origins in Italy to its strict production process, we will explore the history, craftsmanship, and unique characteristics that set Parmesan apart from other types of cheese.

So grab a seat and get ready to expand your knowledge of Parmesan cheese. By the end of this article, you’ll have a newfound appreciation for this culinary gem that has stood the test of time.

Key Takeaways:

  • Parmesan cheese is a hard Italian cheese made from cow’s milk, aged for at least 12 months, and produced in specific regions in Italy. It’s lactose-free and pairs well with various foods.
  • Parmesan cheese is a versatile, long-lasting ingredient rich in calcium and protein. Its production dates back over 800 years and is protected by law, ensuring its quality and authenticity.
Table of Contents

Parmesan Cheese is made from cow’s milk

Parmesan cheese, also known as Parmigiano-Reggiano, is a hard Italian cheese made from cow’s milk. It is known for its nutty and rich flavor, making it a popular choice in many dishes.

Authentic Parmesan Cheese is aged for at least 12 months

The aging process of Parmesan cheese is crucial to develop its distinct flavor and texture. To be considered authentic, it must be aged for a minimum of 12 months, but some varieties can be aged for up to 36 months.

Parmesan Cheese is produced in specific regions in Italy

True Parmesan cheese is produced in the regions of Emilia-Romagna, Lombardy, and Veneto in Italy, following strict regulations to ensure its quality and authenticity.

It takes 550 liters of milk to produce one wheel of Parmesan Cheese

The production of Parmesan cheese is a labor-intensive process. It takes approximately 550 liters of cow’s milk to create a single wheel of this delicious cheese, weighing around 38 kilograms.

Parmesan Cheese is lactose-free

Contrary to popular belief, Parmesan cheese is practically lactose-free. During the aging process, the lactose in the milk is converted into lactic acid, making it safe for individuals with lactose intolerance to consume.

The outer rind of Parmesan Cheese is not edible

The hard, outer rind of Parmesan cheese is not meant to be consumed. It is advisable to remove the rind before grating or using the cheese in recipes.

Parmesan Cheese pairs well with a variety of foods

Due to its intense flavor, Parmesan cheese enhances the taste of numerous dishes. It is commonly grated over pasta, risotto, salads, and soups. It also pairs well with fruits, nuts, and even dark chocolate.

Parmesan Cheese is a rich source of calcium and protein

Parmesan cheese is not only delicious but also nutritious. It is a great source of calcium, essential for strong bones and teeth, and protein, which is vital for muscle health and repair.

Grating Parmesan Cheese releases its aroma

When you grate Parmesan cheese, the process releases its amazing aroma, enhancing the overall sensory experience of your meal.

The production of Parmesan Cheese dates back over 800 years

The craftsmanship of Parmesan cheese-making can be traced back to the Middle Ages. Its production methods have been perfected over centuries, ensuring the consistent quality and taste we enjoy today.

Parmesan Cheese has Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) status

True Parmesan cheese, or Parmigiano-Reggiano, is protected by law and holds PDO status. This means that only cheese produced in designated regions of Italy following specific traditional methods can be labeled as Parmigiano-Reggiano.

Parmesan Cheese is a versatile ingredient in cooking

From adding depth of flavor to sauces and spreads, to being the star ingredient in dishes such as Chicken Parmesan, Parmesan cheese offers endless possibilities in the culinary world.

Parmesan Cheese has a long shelf life

Due to its low moisture content, Parmesan cheese has a long shelf life compared to other cheeses. When stored properly in the refrigerator, it can last for several months without losing its flavor or texture.


Parmesan cheese is a versatile and beloved cheese that has a rich history and unique characteristics. From its production process to its nutritional benefits, there is much to appreciate about Parmesan. Whether you sprinkle it over pasta, melt it on top of a pizza, or shave it over a salad, Parmesan cheese is sure to enhance any dish with its salty and nutty flavor.In conclusion, Parmesan cheese is more than just a topping – it is a culinary treasure. Its long aging process, strict production regulations, and distinctive qualities make it a favorite among food enthusiasts worldwide. So, the next time you enjoy a plate of spaghetti or a cheesy Caesar salad, remember the fascinating facts about Parmesan cheese and savor every delicious bite.


1. How is Parmesan cheese made?

Parmesan cheese is made from cow’s milk and exclusively produced in certain regions of Italy. The milk is heated and combined with rennet to curdle, then left to ferment and form curds. These curds are cut into small pieces, stirred, and left to settle. Afterward, the curds are put into molds, pressed, and then aged for a minimum of 12 months.

2. Is Parmesan cheese the same as Parmigiano-Reggiano?

While often used interchangeably, Parmesan cheese and Parmigiano-Reggiano are not exactly the same. Parmigiano-Reggiano is a protected designation of origin (PDO) cheese, meaning it must meet specific criteria and be produced in certain regions of Italy. Parmesan cheese, on the other hand, refers to a similar style of cheese that is produced outside of Italy and may not adhere to the same strict standards.

3. Can people with lactose intolerance consume Parmesan cheese?

Parmesan cheese is low in lactose due to its aging process, making it more tolerable for people with lactose intolerance. The lactose content in Parmesan cheese is usually less than 0.1%, which means it is safe for most individuals with lactose intolerance to enjoy in moderate quantities.

4. How long can Parmesan cheese be stored?

When stored properly, Parmesan cheese can last for a long time. It is recommended to wrap it tightly in wax paper or aluminum foil and store it in the refrigerator. Grated Parmesan cheese should be stored in an airtight container. Properly stored, Parmesan cheese can last for several months or even up to a year.

5. Can you freeze Parmesan cheese?

Yes, Parmesan cheese can be frozen. It is best to grate the cheese before freezing it, as it is easier to portion and use later. Wrap the grated cheese tightly in plastic wrap or place it in an airtight container before freezing. When you’re ready to use it, allow the frozen cheese to thaw in the refrigerator before incorporating it into your dishes.

6. Can Parmesan cheese be substituted in recipes?

While Parmesan cheese has a unique flavor, there are some substitutes that can be used in recipes. Grana Padano, another Italian hard cheese, is similar to Parmesan and can be used as a substitute. Pecorino Romano, a sheep’s milk cheese, also shares some similarities with Parmesan and can be used in certain dishes.

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