Pauli Appel

Pauli Appel

Published: 19 Sep 2023


The Samaria Gorge, located in the beautiful island of Crete, is not only a stunning natural wonder but also holds a rich historical and cultural significance. Stretching over 16 kilometers, it is one of the longest gorges in Europe and attracts thousands of adventure seekers and nature enthusiasts every year. Its sheer beauty and diverse ecosystem make it a must-visit destination for those visiting Crete.

In this article, we will explore nine fascinating facts about the Samaria Gorge that will deepen your appreciation for this natural wonder. From its formation and unique geology to its abundant flora and fauna, there is so much to discover about this enchanting gorge. So, grab your hiking boots and get ready for an incredible journey through the Samaria Gorge!

Table of Contents

The Longest Gorge in Europe

Samaria Gorge proudly holds the title of the longest gorge in Europe, stretching an impressive 16 kilometers (10 miles) in length. Its remarkable size and untamed beauty make it a must-visit destination for outdoor enthusiasts and nature lovers.

A UNESCO Biosphere Reserve

Samaria Gorge is not only a stunning natural landmark but also a protected area. In 1962, it was designated as a National Park, and later in 1980, it became a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve. This status ensures the preservation of its unique ecosystem and cultural heritage.

Home to Rare Flora and Fauna

Within the Samaria Gorge, you’ll discover a diverse range of plant and animal species that have adapted to this rugged environment. Keep an eye out for the Kri-Kri, a rare Cretan wild goat, as well as various types of orchids and endemic flowers.

A Sanctuary for the Cretan Wild Goat

The Samaria Gorge provides a safe haven for the endangered Cretan wild goat, known as the Kri-Kri. These agile creatures can be spotted gracefully traversing the steep cliffs and rocky slopes, adding to the allure of the gorge.

Rich Mythological Connections

According to Greek mythology, Samaria Gorge is believed to be the birthplace of the god Zeus. Legend has it that Rhea, his mother, sought shelter within the gorge to conceal Zeus from his father, Cronus. The mythological significance adds a sense of wonder and mystique to this already enchanting place.

The Iron Gates

One of the most awe-inspiring sections of the Samaria Gorge is the narrow passage known as the Iron Gates. Here, the vertical rock walls rise dramatically to heights of over 300 meters (980 feet), creating a majestic and imposing sight.

Walking the Samaria Gorge

For adventure seekers, hiking through the Samaria Gorge is an unforgettable experience. The well-maintained trail takes you through stunning landscapes, riverbeds, and ancient ruins, providing a true immersion in the beauty of nature.

A Haven for Geology Enthusiasts

The Samaria Gorge offers a geological marvel, as the layers of rock reveal a fascinating timeline of Earth’s history. Geology enthusiasts will delight in observing the different formations and rock types that have shaped this incredible landscape.

Views of the Libyan Sea

As you reach the end of the Samaria Gorge, you’ll be rewarded with breathtaking vistas of the crystal-clear waters of the Libyan Sea. The combination of dramatic cliffs, turquoise waters, and the cool sea breeze create a picture-perfect postcard scene.


In conclusion, Samaria Gorge is a truly remarkable natural landmark with a rich history and breathtaking scenery. Whether you are an adventurous hiker or a nature lover, this gorge offers an unforgettable experience. From its unique wildlife to its geological wonders, there is something for everyone to appreciate. So, if you’re planning a trip to Crete, make sure to visit Samaria Gorge and immerse yourself in its beauty and grandeur.


1. How long does it take to hike through Samaria Gorge?

The average hiking time through Samaria Gorge is around 4-6 hours, depending on your fitness level and pace. It’s important to start early in the morning to avoid the scorching midday heat and to ensure you have enough time to complete the hike.

2. Are there any age restrictions for hiking Samaria Gorge?

There are no specific age restrictions, but it’s essential to consider the physical demands of the hike, which can be strenuous. It is not recommended for young children or individuals with mobility issues. Please consult with a medical professional if you have any concerns about your ability to undertake the hike.

3. Where is the entrance point for Samaria Gorge?

The entrance point to Samaria Gorge is in Omalos village, located in the White Mountains of Crete. You can reach Omalos by car or public transportation from Chania or other nearby towns. There is a parking area available for visitors.

4. Is there an admission fee to enter Samaria Gorge?

Yes, there is an admission fee to enter Samaria Gorge. The fee is used for the preservation and maintenance of the national park. The current fee is subject to change, so it’s best to check the official website or inquire locally for the most up-to-date information.

5. What should I bring for a hike through Samaria Gorge?

It is essential to come prepared for the hike. Some items to bring include comfortable hiking shoes, sunscreen, a hat, plenty of water, snacks, a camera, and cash for the admission fee and any purchases along the way. It’s also a good idea to pack a light jacket or raincoat as weather conditions can vary.