Rena Deleon

Written by Rena Deleon

Modified & Updated: 03 Mar 2024

Sherman Smith

Reviewed by Sherman Smith


Bibi-Khanym Mosque is one of the most awe-inspiring landmarks in the world, with a rich history that dates back to the 15th century. Located in Samarkand, Uzbekistan, this grand mosque stands as a testament to the remarkable architectural and artistic achievements of the Timurid Empire. With its intricate mosaic designs, towering minarets, and majestic domes, the Bibi-Khanym Mosque is a sight to behold.

In this article, we will explore eight astounding facts about the Bibi-Khanym Mosque that highlight its significance and appeal to locals and tourists alike. From legends surrounding its construction to the technical innovations employed in its design, the mosque is a true testament to the grandeur of Islamic architecture. So, let’s dive into the fascinating world of the Bibi-Khanym Mosque and uncover the secrets that make it an architectural marvel.

Key Takeaways:

  • Bibi-Khanym Mosque, built in the 14th century, is a symbol of enduring love and architectural ambition, with stunning mosaics and a leaning minaret that adds to its allure.
  • Designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Bibi-Khanym Mosque holds religious significance and showcases the rich history and cultural importance of ancient landmarks.
Table of Contents

8 Astounding Facts About Bibi-Khanym Mosque

Bibi-Khanym Mosque is an architectural marvel located in the city of Samarkand, Uzbekistan. With a rich history and stunning design, this mosque attracts visitors from around the world. Let’s uncover some fascinating facts about this magnificent landmark.

The Legend of Bibi-Khanym Mosque

Legend has it that Bibi-Khanym Mosque was built by the orders of Timur, a great conqueror and ruler of the Timurid Empire, in the 14th century. It was constructed in honor of his beloved wife, Bibi-Khanym. The mosque stands as a testament to their eternal love and serves as a symbol of their enduring legacy.

An Enormous Structure

Bibi-Khanym Mosque was once one of the largest mosques in the Islamic world. Its grandeur can be gauged from its massive size, stretching across an area of over 18,000 square meters. The impressive dimensions of the mosque demonstrate the ambitious architectural vision of the era.

Splendid Architectural Design

The mosque showcases the architectural brilliance of the Timurid dynasty, combining elements of Persian, Turkish, and Islamic designs. Its intricate mosaics, dazzling blue domes, and beautiful calligraphy create a visually stunning experience for visitors. The attention to detail and craftsmanship exhibited in the construction of Bibi-Khanym Mosque is truly awe-inspiring.

The Legendary Falling Minaret

One of the most astonishing facts about Bibi-Khanym Mosque is the story behind its leaning minaret. Legend has it that during its initial construction, the minaret started tilting due to its immense size and poor foundations. This unique characteristic has become a distinguishing feature of the mosque, attracting curious onlookers and architectural enthusiasts.

Devastation and Restoration

Over the centuries, Bibi-Khanym Mosque suffered from natural disasters and wars, causing significant damage to its structure. However, extensive restoration efforts have been undertaken to preserve and revive the mosque’s original splendor. The meticulous restoration work ensures that future generations can continue to marvel at its grandeur.

A Pilgrimage Site

Bibi-Khanym Mosque holds immense religious significance for Muslims worldwide. It is considered a revered pilgrimage site, attracting countless worshippers who come to seek spiritual solace and offer prayers in this sacred place. The mosque’s historical and cultural reverence adds to its allure as an essential destination for pilgrims.

An UNESCO World Heritage Site

In recognition of its cultural and historical significance, Bibi-Khanym Mosque was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in This prestigious title ensures the preservation of the mosque for future generations and highlights its importance as a globally cherished landmark.

Visiting Bibi-Khanym Mosque is like stepping back in time and experiencing the grandeur of a bygone era. Its remarkable architecture, rich history, and spiritual aura make it a must-visit destination for anyone who appreciates the beauty of ancient landmarks.


In conclusion, Bibi-Khanym Mosque is not just a magnificent architectural marvel but also a testament to the rich history and cultural heritage of Uzbekistan. Its grandeur, intricate designs, and fascinating legends surrounding its construction make it a must-visit landmark for anyone interested in history and architecture. From its colossal entrance gate to the stunning dome and intricate tile work, the mosque astounds visitors with its beauty and craftsmanship.As you explore Bibi-Khanym Mosque, keep in mind the extraordinary facts that make it even more remarkable. From its association with the legendary conqueror Timur to its importance as a symbol of power and spirituality, this mosque holds significant historical and cultural value. Whether you are a history enthusiast, an art lover, or simply someone seeking to be in awe of human ingenuity, Bibi-Khanym Mosque promises an unforgettable experience.Plan your visit to Uzbekistan and make sure to include Bibi-Khanym Mosque on your itinerary. Immerse yourself in its grandeur and marvel at its astounding beauty. Explore the captivating history and legends that surround this iconic landmark. Allow yourself to be transported to a different time and admire the architectural brilliance that has stood the test of time.


1. When was Bibi-Khanym Mosque built?

Bibi-Khanym Mosque was built between 1399 and 1404.

2. Who was Bibi-Khanym?

Bibi-Khanym was the wife of the famous conqueror Timur.

3. What is the significance of Bibi-Khanym Mosque?

This mosque symbolizes the power and grandeur of Timur’s empire and serves as a major religious site.

4. Can visitors enter the mosque?

Yes, visitors are allowed to enter Bibi-Khanym Mosque but are required to adhere to certain guidelines and dress codes.

5. What are some notable features of the mosque?

The mosque is known for its towering entrance gate, intricate tile work, and a grand dome that was one of the largest in the world at the time of its construction.

6. Is there an entrance fee to visit Bibi-Khanym Mosque?

Yes, there is a small entrance fee for visitors to enter the mosque.

7. Are there any nearby attractions to visit alongside Bibi-Khanym Mosque?

Yes, visitors can explore other historical landmarks in the vicinity, such as Registan Square and Gur-e-Amir Mausoleum.

8. Can I take photographs inside the mosque?

Photography is generally allowed inside the mosque, but it is important to respect the religious sanctity of the place and follow any guidelines provided by the authorities.

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